Bothriopsis taeniata

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Bothriopsis taeniata
Bothriopsis taeniata (3).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Bothriopsis
Species: B. taeniata
Binomial name
Bothriopsis taeniata
(Wagler, 1824)
Synonyms
  • Bothrops taeniatus Wagler, 1824
  • Lachesis taeniatus - Fitzinger, 1826
  • Bothrops Castelnaudi
    A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854
  • Atropos Castelnautii - Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854
  • T[eleuraspis]. Castelnaui
    - Cope, 1860
  • Bothriopsis quadriscutatus
    W. Peters, 1861
  • Bothriopsis castelnavii - Cope, 1871
  • Th[anatos]. Castelnaudi
    - Posada Arango, 1889
  • Th[anatophis]. Castelnaudi
    - Posada Arango, 1889
  • Lachesis castelnaudi
    - Boulenger, 1896
  • Bothrops castelnaudi - Amaral, 1925
  • Bothrops castelnaudi - Hoge, 1966
  • Bothrops taeniata
    - Cunha & Nascimento, 1978
  • Bothrops castelnaudi castelnaudi
    - Hoge & Romano-Hoge, 1981
  • Bothrops t[aeniatus]. taeniatus
    - Hoogmoed & Gruber, 1983
  • Bothriopsis taeniata
    - Campbell & Lamar, 1989
  • Bothriopsis taeniata taeniata
    - Campbell & Lamar, 1989
  • Bothriechis taeniatus
    - Schätti & Kramer, 1991
  • Bothriechis taeniatus taeniatus
    - Golay et al., 1993[1]
Common names: speckled forest-pitviper.[2]

Bothriopsis taeniata is a species of pit viper found in the equatorial forests of South America. The specific name, taenia, is derived from the Greek word, tainia, meaning ribbon bandage or stripe, in reference to the slender body. Two subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.[3]

Description[edit]

Bothriopsis taeniata

Adults are usually less than 100 cm (39 in) in total length, although some may grow to as much as 150 cm (59 in). The maximum total length is 175 cm (69 in) for a specimen from Tepoe, Suriname.

The body is relatively slender with a prehensile tail. The color pattern is extremely complex, varying overall from lavender gray to yellow green, while juveniles undergo considerable ontogenetic color change as they mature into adults.

It is distinguished from other members of this genus by having mostly single subcaudal scales and a row of bold white spots where the dorsal and ventral scales meet.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Widespread in the equatorial forests of South America in Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. The type locality given is "flumen Amazonum", which according to Vanzolini (1981) refers to the section of the Amazon River between the mouth of the Tajapuru river (01°02'S, 51°02'W) and the mouth of the Negros river (03°08'S, 59°55'W).[1]

Habitat[edit]

Inhabits rainforests in lowlands and foothills, as well as moist tropical forests. Usually found in vines and low vegetation in primary forest and along forest edges. It is suspected of living mainly in the forest canopy.[2]

Behavior[edit]

Arboreal.[2]

Venom[edit]

Only two cases of bites from this species have been documented, and both involved severe local swelling of the entire bitten limb. In the second case, the tissue damage was so severe that it led to amputation of the afflicted limb despite antivenin treatment.[2]

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies[3] Taxon author[3] Common name Geographic range[1][2]
B. t. lichenosa (Roze, 1958) none South America. Known from a single specimen found in Chimantá Tepui, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela.
B. t. taeniata (Wagler, 1824) Speckled forest-pitviper[2] South America in Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru and Bolivia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  3. ^ a b c "Bothriopsis taeniata". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 

External links[edit]