Bothrops pictus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bothrops pictus
Bothrops pictus.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Bothrops
Species: B. pictus
Binomial name
Bothrops pictus
(Tschudi, 1845)
Synonyms
  • Lachesis picta Tschudi, 1845
  • Bothrops pictus Jan, 1863
  • Lachesis pictus
    Boulenger, 1896
  • Bothrops roedingeri
    Mertens, 1942
  • Trimeresurus pictus
    Schmidt & Walker, 1943
  • Bothrops pictus
    Campbell & Lamar, 1989[1][2]

Bothrops pictus, commonly known in English as the desert lancehead, is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae.[3] The species is endemic to South America.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

B. pictus is found along the coast of Peru, at altitudes from sea level to 1,800 m (5,900 ft).[2]

Description[edit]

Adults of B. pictus may attain a total length of 31 cm (12 in), which includes a tail 4.3 cm (1.7 in) long.

Dorsally, B. pictus has a pale brown ground color, overlaid with a series of large brown black-edged squarish blotches, which may merge to form a thick wavy or zig zag stripe. On each flank is a series of smaller roundish blotches of the same color as the dorsal blotches. There is a dark streak from behind the eye to the corner of the mouth. Ventrally, it is yellowish with brown dots or spots.

The strongly keeled dorsal scales are arranged in 21 to 23 rows at midbody. Ventrals 157-172; anal plate undivided; subcaudals divided, 40-74 pairs.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Boulenger GA (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the ... Viperidæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Lachesis pictus, pp. 540-541).
  2. ^ a b "Bothrops pictus ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  4. ^ "Bothrops ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 November 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Tschudi JJ (1845). "Reptilium conspectus quae in Republica Peruana reperiuntur et pleraque observata vel collecta sunt in itinere ". Archiv für Naturgeschichte 11 (1): 150-170. (Lachesis picta, new species, p. 166). (in Latin).