Bothrops venezuelensis

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Venezuelan lancehead
Bothrops venezuelensis by Danny Siwek.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Bothrops
Species: B. venezuelensis
Binomial name
Bothrops venezuelensis
Sandner-Montilla, 1952

Bothrops venezuelensis, or the Venezuelan lancehead, is a species of venomous snake in the family Viperidae.[1] It is endemic to South America.[2]


There is not much known about the dangerousness of the venom to humans, but potentially lethal envenoming is possible. The venom of B. venezuelensis contains procoagulants,[3] possibly also myotoxins and cytotoxic substances.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Colombia and northern Venezuela.

The type locality is " 'Boca de Tigre', Serranía de El Avila, Distrito Federal, Venezuela ".[5]


  1. ^ McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ "Bothrops". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 November 2006. 
  3. ^ DocCheck Flexikon: Bothrops venezuelensis (German)
  4. ^ WCH Clinical Toxinology Resources: Bothrops venezuelensis
  5. ^ The Reptile Database.

Further reading[edit]

  • Sandner-Montilla, Fernando. 1952. Serpientes Bothrops de Venezuela. Monografias Cientificas del Instituto de Terapeutica Experimental de los Laboratorios "Veros" LTDA. 9 (21): 5 pp. (unnumbered).

External links[edit]

Media related to Bothrops venezuelensis at Wikimedia Commons