Leopard flounder

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Leopard flounder
Bothidae - Bothus pantherinus.jpg
Bothus pantherinus in Polynesia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Bothidae
Genus: Bothus
B. pantherinus
Binomial name
Bothus pantherinus
(Rüppell, 1830)
  • Passer marchionessarum Valenciennes, 1846
  • Platophrys pantherinus (Rüppell, 1830)
  • Rhomboidichthys pantherinus (Rüppell, 1830)
  • Rhombus pantherinus Rüppell, 1830

The leopard flounder or panther flounder (Bothus pantherinus[3]) is a flatfish found in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.


Bothus pantherinus is found in the Red Sea and Persian gulf to South Africa, as far as southeast Australia and Japan.


The leopard flounder is a highly compressed fish up to 39 centimeters (15 in) long, one of the lefteye flounders, meaning that the right eye has migrated to the left side of the body. The eyed side shows dark spots, blotches and rings. One broader dark blotch is located on middle of the straight section of the lateral line. The male has an elongate pectoral fin which signals in courtship or territorial displays and when alarmed.[4]

Leopard flounder

Leopard flounders use color to camouflage themselves. Bothus pantherinus takes on dull, spotted coloring to blend in with the rocky seafloor. It waits for its prey to swim by. Other times the flounder turns an almost see-through color to avoid predators when swimming near the surface.[5]


Leopard flounder is a benthic species living on the bottom of a sea. It inhabits sandy or silty sand, and muddy bottoms of inner reef flats. It is often partially buried in or on the sand of lagoons, bays and sheltered reefs, at a depth of 3–150 metres (9.8–492.1 ft).


  1. ^ Munroe, T. (2016). "Bothus pantherinus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T18214519A46663989. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T18214519A46663989.en. Downloaded on 19 March 2018.
  2. ^ Nicolas Bailly (2008). "Bothus pantherinus (Rüppell, 1830)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Bothus pantherinus" in FishBase. 5 2007 version.
  4. ^ Lieske, E. and Myers, R.F. (2004) Coral reef guide; Red Sea London, HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-715986-2
  5. ^ "Chameleons". National Geographic.com. April 10, 2008. Archived from the original on August 20, 2008.