Botia dario

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bengal loach
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Botiidae
Genus: Botia
B. dario
Binomial name
Botia dario
(F. Hamilton, 1822)
  • Cobitis dario Hamilton, 1822
  • Cobitis geto Hamilton, 1822
  • Botia geto (Hamilton, 1822)
  • Canthophrys zebra Swainson, 1839
  • Diacanthus zebra (Swainson, 1839)
  • Canthophrys flavicauda Swainson, 1839
  • Diacanthus flavicauda (Swainson, 1839)
  • Botia macrolineata Teugels, De Vos & Snoeks, 1986

Botia dario (Bengal loach or queen loach) is a species of fish in the loach family Botiidae found in the Brahmaputra and Ganges basins in Bangladesh, Bhutan and northern India.[2] The species is overall widespread.[1]

In Bangladesh, B. dario is threatened by pesticide used in the cultivation of rice. Since 1997, the Bangladesh government has enforced strict penalties against polluters, with specific rules about the pollution of streams and waterways.[citation needed]

B. dario can be found in the creeks and streams of the northern and eastern regions of the country (bordering India and Myanmar, respectively). The fish most likely populates the streams that supply the Bengal section of the Ganges River. B. dario is also reported in Bhutan, but only in the Gaylegphug River, which eventually drains into the far north of Bangladesh.[This paragraph needs citation(s)]

In the aquarium[edit]

Botia dario is a good fish to have in tropical aquariums, quickly taking care of pest snail populations and less shy than B. striata. They get as long as 6 inches (15.24 cm) and are commonly kept in groups of 4 or more. They are omnivores and are fed sinking pellets as well as algae wafers. They also enjoy fresh vegetables, such as cucumber, zucchini, and frozen foods like bloodworms and brine shrimp.


  1. ^ a b Chaudhry, S. (2010). "Botia dario". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T166603A6245334. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T166603A6245334.en. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  2. ^ SeriouslyFish: Botia dario. Retrieved 15 July 2014.