Botifler

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Louis XIV of France with his characteristic cheeks

Botiflers (Catalan pronunciation: [butiˈfɫe]) was a name given to Philip V of Spain supporters during the War of the Spanish Succession. They were usually Catalan and Valencian aristocrats and noblemen who wanted to increase their power from the upcoming regime that would result after Bourbon victory. In Majorca, the term evolved to "botifarres", who was started to be used to refer to all noblemen, independently of any national ascription.

Botifler originally referred to anyone having inflated cheeks.[1] Later on, it designated specifically to any Bourbon supporter because the latter were said to have also inflated cheeks.

Nowadays, the term is used by Catalan nationalists and Valencian nationalism to refer pejoratively to unionists or whoever acts against Catalonia or Valencian Country nationalist interests.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ IEC[permanent dead link]