Botterens

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Botterens
Coat of arms of Botterens
Coat of arms
Botterens is located in Switzerland
Botterens
Botterens
Botterens is located in Canton of Fribourg
Botterens
Botterens
Coordinates: 46°37′N 7°7′E / 46.617°N 7.117°E / 46.617; 7.117Coordinates: 46°37′N 7°7′E / 46.617°N 7.117°E / 46.617; 7.117
Country Switzerland
Canton Fribourg
District Gruyère
Government
 • Mayor Syndic
Area[1]
 • Total 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)
Elevation 744 m (2,441 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 569
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Postal code 1652
SFOS number 2123
Surrounded by Broc, Châtel-sur-Montsalvens, Morlon, Villarbeney
Website http://www.botterens.ch
SFSO statistics

Botterens (Arpitan: About this sound Botèrin [3]) is a municipality in the district of Gruyère in the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Botterens is first mentioned in 1227 as Botterens. The municipality was formerly known by its German name Botteringen, however, that name is no longer used.[4]

Geography[edit]

Botterens has an area, as of 2009, of 4.2 square kilometers (1.6 sq mi). Of this area, 1.46 km2 (0.56 sq mi) or 35.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.26 km2 (0.87 sq mi) or 54.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.38 km2 (0.15 sq mi) or 9.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and 0.07 km2 (17 acres) or 1.7% is unproductive land.[5]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.4%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 2.7% of the area Out of the forested land, 50.4% of the total land area is heavily forested and 4.1% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 1.0% is used for growing crops and 24.6% is pastures and 8.9% is used for alpine pastures. Of the unproductive areas, and 1.2% is too rocky for vegetation.[5]

The municipality is located in the Greyerz district, on the right bank of Lake Gruyère. It consists of the linear village of Botterens.

On 1 January 2006 the former municipality of Villarbeney merged into the municipality of Botterens.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Bendlet Argent, overall on Coupeaux Vert a Chamois stantant proper with head Or, hoofed and attired Sable.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Botterens has a population (as of December 2016) of 569.[2] As of 2008, 6.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[8] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 20.5%. Migration accounted for 21%, while births and deaths accounted for 7.2%.[9]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (263 or 94.3%) as their first language, German is the second most common (9 or 3.2%) and Italian is the third (2 or 0.7%).[10]

As of 2008, the population was 50.6% male and 49.4% female. The population was made up of 218 Swiss men (47.0% of the population) and 17 (3.7%) non-Swiss men. There were 214 Swiss women (46.1%) and 15 (3.2%) non-Swiss women.[11] Of the population in the municipality, 91 or about 32.6% were born in Botterens and lived there in 2000. There were 127 or 45.5% who were born in the same canton, while 31 or 11.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 23 or 8.2% were born outside of Switzerland.[10]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 24.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 63% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.2%.[9]

As of 2000, there were 114 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 135 married individuals, 13 widows or widowers and 17 individuals who are divorced.[10]

As of 2000, there were 156 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household.[9] There were 31 households that consist of only one person and 7 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 101 apartments (77.7% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 20 apartments (15.4%) were seasonally occupied and 9 apartments (6.9%) were empty.[12] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.4 new units per 1000 residents.[9]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[4][13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 35.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (27.5%), the CVP (17.0%) and the FDP (9.7%).[14]

The SVP received about the same percentage of the vote as they did in the 2007 Federal election (31.8% in 2007 vs 35.3% in 2011). The SPS moved from third in 2007 (with 25.7%) to second in 2011, the CVP moved from second in 2007 (with 27.1%) to third and the FDP retained about the same popularity (8.3% in 2007). A total of 166 votes were cast in this election, of which 1 or 0.6% was invalid.[15]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Botterens had an unemployment rate of 1.2%. As of 2008, there were 22 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 87 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 10 businesses in this sector. 17 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 6 businesses in this sector.[9] There were 147 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 42.9% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 106. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 14, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 79 of which 54 or (68.4%) were in manufacturing and 25 (31.6%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 13. In the tertiary sector; 5 or 38.5% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 6 or 46.2% were in a hotel or restaurant.[16]

In 2000, there were 19 workers who commuted into the municipality and 114 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 6.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[17] Of the working population, 4% used public transportation to get to work, and 79.4% used a private car.[9]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 236 or 84.6% were Roman Catholic, while 17 or 6.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 member of an Orthodox church, and there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There were 2 (or about 0.72% of the population) who were Islamic. 17 (or about 6.09% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 5 individuals (or about 1.79% of the population) did not answer the question.[10]

Education[edit]

In Botterens about 103 or (36.9%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 24 or (8.6%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 24 who completed tertiary schooling, 66.7% were Swiss men, 16.7% were Swiss women.[10]

The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.[18]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were no students attending school in Botterens, but a total of 84 students attended school in other municipalities. 17 students attended kindergarten in a neighboring municipality and 33 students attended primary school in a neighboring municipality. 15 students attended lower secondary school, 5 upper Secondary students and 14 upper Secondary vocational students all attended classes in another municipality.[11]

As of 2000, there were 45 students from Botterens who attended schools outside the municipality.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ Dictionnaire-Dikchenéro: Français-Patois/Patê-Franché. Société cantonale des patoisans fribourgeois. Fribourg: 2013. p. 81
  4. ^ a b Botterens in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  6. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 4 April 2011
  7. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 21-November-2011
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived June 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
  9. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 21-November-2011
  10. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived August 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  11. ^ a b Canton of Fribourg Statistics (in German) accessed 3 November 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ Canton of Fribourg National Council Election of 23 October 2011 Statistics (in German) (in French) accessed 3 November 2011
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived May 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  16. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  17. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (in German) accessed 24 June 2010
  18. ^ Chart of the education system in Canton Fribourg (in German)