Botwood

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Botwood
Town
Exploits River Lumber and Pulp Company
Exploits River Lumber and Pulp Company
Official seal of Botwood
Seal
Motto: En Avant (French for "Onward")
Botwood is located in Newfoundland
Botwood
Botwood
Location of Botwood in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 49°09′00″N 55°22′00″W / 49.15000°N 55.36667°W / 49.15000; -55.36667Coordinates: 49°09′00″N 55°22′00″W / 49.15000°N 55.36667°W / 49.15000; -55.36667
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division 6
Area
 • Total 15.05 km2 (5.81 sq mi)
Elevation 41 m (135 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,052
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code span A0H
Area code(s) 709
Website town.botwood.nl.ca

Botwood is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada in Census Division 6. It is located on the west shore of the Bay of Exploits on a natural deep water harbour used by cargo ships and seaplanes throughout the town's history.

History[edit]

In 1908 construction began on the Botwood Railway, running between Bishop's Falls and Botwood. It was a joint effort between the A.N.D. Company and the A. E. Reed Company of Bishop's Falls. It was to be the transportation link for the export of pulp and paper from the newly built mill at Grand Falls. The railway became operational by the fall of 1909, and the first shipment of paper from the new mill was sent in February 1910. The A.N.D. Company took control of the railway operation in 1910, just a year after the line was completed.

The first aircraft facilities to be established in Botwood was by Newfoundland born Captain Sydney Bennett (1897–1945) and Australian-born Major Sidney Cotton (1894–1969). It became host to many dignitaries and celebrities, some as part of official delegations and others who were stalled there waiting out inclement flying weather. Among those were Charles Lindbergh and his wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1933.

From 1937 to 1945, both Pan Am and the British Overseas Airways Corporation used Botwood as a terminal for their Atlantic Crossings. On June 27, 1939 the Yankee Clipper left Botwood for the first Trans-Atlantic Passenger flight to Foynes, Ireland.

From the outbreak of World War II, 1940–1945, the Royal Canadian Air Force changed Botwood into a patrolling and bombing seaplane base, home to two squadrons of PBY Canso flying boats equipped with torpedoes and depth charges. A large concrete slipway, two hangars, a tarmac and four bunkers were constructed. The Canadian Army was garrisoned in the town, the army built barracks, a water system, and a full-scale military hospital. The army was responsible for the manning of gun batteries at Philip's Head and Wiseman's Cove that protected the entrance to Botwood Harbour with 10" guns, as well as numerous anti-aircraft batteries throughout the community. During the war Botwood was home to approximately 10,000 Canadian and British personnel and had become Canada's most important over-seas base. In 1942 11 United States military personnel died when their Sikorsky VS-44 flying boat, the Excalibur, crashed and sank in the Bay of Exploits shortly after takeoff from Botwood. In 1943 Bob Hope and his troupe were stormbound in Botwood and performed for the RCAF Coastal Command. Both Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill also overnighted in the town.

Military personnel left Botwood at the end of World War II. Military buildings were either sold, demolished or relocated. Commercial seaplane service ended in 1945 as land-based aircraft became more popular. Botwood continued to ship paper from the Grand Falls-Windsor paper mill until its closure in 2009. It also shipped ore from Buchans until the mine closed in 1984.

Population[edit]

Demographics
Population in 2006 3,052
Population change from 2000 -5.2
Median age 45.6
Number of families 985
Number of married couples 765
Total number of dwellings 1,305
Land area (km².) 15.05

Statistics Canada detail demographics

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Botwood
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13
(55)
13
(55)
15.5
(59.9)
24
(75)
28
(82)
33
(91)
35
(95)
36.7
(98.1)
29.4
(84.9)
26.1
(79)
20
(68)
13.9
(57)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.9
(33.6)
6.2
(43.2)
12.4
(54.3)
17.9
(64.2)
22.5
(72.5)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
10.5
(50.9)
4.9
(40.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.9
(48)
Average low °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−12.9
(8.8)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2
(28)
2.5
(36.5)
6.9
(44.4)
11.4
(52.5)
11.2
(52.2)
7.3
(45.1)
2.6
(36.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
Record low °C (°F) −30
(−22)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−30
(−22)
−19
(−2)
−6.7
(19.9)
−2.8
(27)
0
(32)
−1.1
(30)
−4.4
(24.1)
−8
(18)
−16
(3)
−28.9
(−20)
−36.7
(−34.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.8
(3.299)
74.8
(2.945)
74.1
(2.917)
64
(2.52)
73.2
(2.882)
88
(3.46)
76.8
(3.024)
96.8
(3.811)
91.9
(3.618)
106.1
(4.177)
78.6
(3.094)
78.4
(3.087)
986.4
(38.835)
Source: Environment Canada[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]