Bouches-de-l'Escaut (Dutch: Monden van de Schelde) was a department of the First French Empire in the present-day Netherlands. It is named after the mouth of the river Scheldt (Escaut in French). It was formed in 1810, when the Kingdom of Holland was annexed by France. Its territory corresponded with the present-day Dutch province of Zeeland, minus Zeeuws-Vlaanderen, which was part of the department of Escaut. Its capital was Middelburg.
- Middelburg, cantons: Middelburg, Veere and Vlissingen.
- Goes, cantons: Goes, Heinkenszand, Kortgene and Kruiningen.
- Zierikzee, cantons: Zierikzee, Brouwershaven and Tholen.
Its population in 1812 was 76,820, and its area was 63,000 hectares.