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Bouclé yarn in the process of being spun
Commercially woven bouclé fabric

Bouclé is both a yarn and a fabric made from it.

The yarn is made from a length of loops of similar size which can range from tiny circlets to large curls.[1] To make bouclé, at least two strands are combined, with the tension on one strand being much looser than the other as it is being plied, with the loose strand forming the loops and the other strand as the anchor.

Bouclé is also the name of the fabric made from this type of yarn, especially fabric that maintains the looped appearance.[1]

Machine spinning[edit]

In machine spinning, bouclé can be created in a single step, using a hollow spindle. It is made by differing the feed rate of the effect yarn with respect to the core yarns. The core yarns are wrapped around the effect yarn either loosely or tightly, depending on the difference in feed rates and amount of twist used. The regularity of the loops is controlled by varying the distance between the point where the core yarns come together and the guide. By increasing the distance, the bouclé becomes more irregular.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Bouclé." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.
  2. ^ Gong, R. H.; Gong, H.; Wright, Rachel M. Fancy Yarns: Their Manufacture and Application. Woodhead Publishing, 2002. ISBN 1-85573-577-6. Google Book Search. Retrieved on May 3, 2008.