Bouffée délirante

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Bouffée délirante is a culture-bound syndrome in West Africa and Haiti of a sudden outburst of aggression, confusion and psychomotor excitement, possibly including visual or auditory hallucinations and paranoia.[1]

History[edit]

Bouffée délirante is a French term that was introduced in 1886 by Magnan meaning short-lived psychosis. He used it to describe transient psychotic or psychosis reactions. Bouffée délirante reactions are sudden attacks of brief duration with paranoid delusions and often concomitant hallucinations, typically precipitated by an intense fear of magical persecution through sorcery or witchcraft.[2]

Classification[edit]

In the ICD-10, Bouffée délirante is classified as a subtype of either Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder without symptoms of schizophrenia (F23.0)[3] or Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder with symptoms of schizophrenia (F23.1).[4] "Bouffée délirante" literally means a "delirious puff".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chabrol H (2003). "Chronic hallucinatory psychosis, bouffée délirante, and the classification of psychosis in French psychiatry". Curr Psychiatry Rep. 5: 187–91. PMID 12773270. 
  2. ^ Wolfgang, G. (2001, July) Cultural Factors in Psychiatric Disorders. Retrieved June 19, 2013 from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  3. ^ "ICD10 Version:2015". World Health Organization. World Health Organization. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  4. ^ "ICD10 Version:2015". World Health Organization. World Health Organization. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

  • Definition (The Free Dictionary)
  • Johnson-Sabine EC, Mann AH, Jacoby RJ, Wood KH, Peron-Magnan P, Olié JP, Deniker P. "Bouffée délirante: an examination of its current status". Psychol Med. 13: 771–8. PMID 6665093.