Bougainvillea spectabilis

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Bougainvillea spectabilis
Starr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Genus: Bougainvillea
Species:
B. spectabilis
Binomial name
Bougainvillea spectabilis

Bougainvillea spectabilis, also known as great bougainvillea,[1] is a species of flowering plant. It is native to Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, and Argentina's Chubut Province.[2][3]

Description[edit]

Bougainvillea spectabilis grows as a woody vine or shrub, reaching 15 to 40 feet (4.6 to 12.2 m)[4][5] with heart-shaped leaves and thorny, pubescent stems.[5] The flowers are generally small, white, and inconspicuous, highlighted by several brightly colored modified leaves called bracts. The bracts can vary in color, ranging from white, red, mauve, purple-red, or orange. Its fruit is a small, inconspicuous, dry, elongated achene.[3][5]

Distribution[edit]

Bougainvillea spectabilis is native to Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, and Chubut Province, Argentina, but it has been introduced in many other areas.[3]

Cultivation[edit]

Bougainvillea spectabilis can grow in hardiness zones 10-11, preferring full sun , dry conditions, and fertile soil.[5] It can be propagated from stem and root cuttings.[3]

Uses[edit]

Traditional Medicine[edit]

The Yanadi tribe of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India, once used the leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis to heal diabetes. The plant is also widely grown as an ornamental plant.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bougainvillea spectabilis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "Bougainvillea spectabilis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e T. K. Lim (1 January 2014). Edible Medicinal and Non Medicinal Plants, Volume 8: Flowers. Springer Science & Business. pp. 489–494. ISBN 978-94-017-8748-2.
  4. ^ "Tropicos". tropicos.org. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Amanda Jarrett (2003). Ornamental Tropical Shrubs. Pineapple Press Inc. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-56164-275-5.