Boulevard Gardens Apartments
The Boulevard Gardens Apartments, in Woodside, Queens, New York City, is a 960-unit apartment opened in June 1935, during the Great Depression. The buildings are located at 54th Street and 31st Avenue. They were designed by architect Theodore H. Englehardt for the Cord Meyer Development Corporation; the design was based on an apartment complex Elgelhardt designed in Forest Hills.
The housing project had ten units which housed 96 families each, 960 families in all. The buildings were low-rent model tenements with an average rental price of $11 a room. They were completed with a Federal loan of $3,450,000 from the Public Works Administration in Woodside, Queens. Boulevard Gardens was only one of seven housing developments funded by the PWA through private companies. Despite the success of the program, future funding went only to public housing authorities. By September 1935 the builders, Boulevard Gardens Housing Corporation, reported that all of the units were leased.
The Dick-Meyer Corporation built a block front of fourteen stores adjacent to the apartments. They were entirely rented by October 1935. The 3,000 inhabitants of the development had easy access to twenty-seven retail stores, a 300 car garage, and a movie theater.
In October 1935 John Volpe, president of the Lower East Side Public Housing Conference, wrote a letter to the editor of The New York Times. He contended that the slum problem was only partially solved by government assistance to projects like Knickerbocker Village, Boulevard Gardens, and Hillside, Queens. The low income group was unable to afford the rent as the prices were not low enough. He offered the example of a New York City Housing Authority project on East 3rd Street (Manhattan). These dwellings were most attractive and were much less expensive.
In May 1936 the majority of the families in the larger buildings paid between $35 and $50 per month for rent. A ruling by the New York State Board of Housing cautioned the Boulevard Gardens Housing Corporation to reserve their accommodations for low income families. Management was advised to gradually eliminate tenants whose annual family incomes exceeded five times their annual rentals. Eleven other housing projects were affected by the action. State board data indicated that 3.8% of families residing at the Boulevard Gardens Apartments had annual incomes of $4,000 or more.
Dwight L. Hoopingarner, associate director of the Public Works Administration housing division, reported a waiting list of 5,000 families for vacancies at Boulevard Gardens on July 29, 1936. Boulevard Gardens was assessed a property tax of $3,635,000 for 1937, an increase of $660,000 from the previous year.
Design and landscape
Boulevard Gardens award-winning design illustrates the powerful connection between environment and quality of life.
Boulevard Gardens, heralded as "A New Idea in Apartment Housing," and as Woodside's "Model Village," won an award for architectural merit from the Queens Chamber of Commerce in 1936. Its practical design and attractive layout remains today as popular as when it welcomed its first residents on June 25, 1935.
The Gardens are a complex of 10 six-story buildings with a total of 960 apartments. The structures cover only 22% of the land, the remainder being reserved for landscaping and playgrounds.
This revolutionary development set a seldom-equaled precedent for open space and apartment house design. The main entry leads residents up a set of steps to a formal colonnaded arch. A neo-Georgian entryway characterized by stately Doric columns leads to two open courtyards.
It contains special design and landscape features which are reminiscent of those in a well-established urban park. Mature oaks and maples, a living link to the past, reinforces the Gardens' sense of history. Buildings are set back from the sidewalk by raised grassy berms which complement the streetscape and enhance the open feeling in the neighborhood. Spectacular shade trees, meandering paths and well placed sitting areas give Boulevard Gardens its special character as a model village.
- "Reports Big Waiting List". The New York Times. July 30, 1936. p. 36. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- "Model Apartments Opening in Queens". The New York Times. June 23, 1935. p. RE2.
- "Model Flats in Woodside Are Fully Rented; Last of Ten Units to Be Opened on Oct. 15". The New York Times. September 29, 1935. p. RE1.
- "Store Group Quickly Rented". The New York Times. October 13, 1935. p. RE3.
- Volpe, John (October 4, 1935). "The Housing Problem". The New York Times. p. 20. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- "Curbs on Tenants Widened By State". The New York Times. May 9, 1936. p. 5. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- "Tentative Tax Valuations on Big Buildings and Other Realty in Five Boroughs". The New York Times. October 2, 1936. p. 19. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- "Boulevard Gardens". The Telegraph. Preserve & Protect. Retrieved March 1, 2011. Spring 1997, Part 2
- Cohen, Joyce (November 14, 1999). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Woodside, Queens; A Polyglot Enclave, At First, 'Irishtown'". The New York Times. p. RE7. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Boulevard Gardens cooperative residences