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He was born in Muang Hinboune, Khammouan Province and attended the Lycée Pavie in Vientiane followed by the Lao Military Academy (Army Officers School) at Dong Hene, Savannakhet Province. He also studied at the French Army Staff College (Ecole d'Etat-Major) in Paris and at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
From 1960-1962 he was a lieutenant colonel and served as Military Attache to the Royal Lao Embassy in Washington D.C. He was promoted to colonel in 1962 and served as Chief of Special Cabinet (Military Affairs) of the Ministry of Defense until 1964. From 1964-1966, he was Chief Logistics Officer of the Royal Lao Army in Vientiane.
Bounleut attempted a coup on 31 January 1965. Phoumi Nosavan attempted his own coup at the same time. Both coups were crushed by Kouprasith Abhay by 3 February. After the coup failed, Bounleut took refuge in Thailand where he remained until 1968, when he moved to France.
After the Lao People's Democratic Republic was established by the communist Pathet Lao in 1975, Col. Bounleuth became a leader of the anti-communist political and military resistance against the communist Lao government and their Vietnamese mentors.
Col. Bounleuth finally immigrated to the USA in 2000 as a political refugee. He had a stroke a few years later and is paralyzed and bed ridden. He lives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Brigadier-General Thao Ty
- Brigadier-General Thao Ma
- General Ouane Rattikone
- General Phoumi Nosavan
- Major-General Vang Pao
- Royal Lao Armed Forces
- Laotian Civil War
- Conboy, Morrison, pp. 123-124.
- Økonomi og Politik 1972 Volumes 46-47 Page 290 (in Danish)
- Letters to the Editor from Khamking Souvanlasy, Ambassador of Laos. The New York Times. March 31, 1970
- Exclusive Interview with Touxoua LYFOUNG, Lao Nation Party President 1996 Given to Hmoob Vam Meej. Published in the Paj Tshiab Review ]
- Conboy, Kenneth and James Morrison (1995), Shadow War: The CIA's Secret War in Laos. Paladin Press. ISBN 0-87364-825-0.