Bourg-de-Péage

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Bourg-de-Péage
The town hall
The town hall
Coat of arms of Bourg-de-Péage
Coat of arms
Bourg-de-Péage is located in France
Bourg-de-Péage
Bourg-de-Péage
Coordinates: 45°02′19″N 5°03′03″E / 45.0386°N 5.0508°E / 45.0386; 5.0508Coordinates: 45°02′19″N 5°03′03″E / 45.0386°N 5.0508°E / 45.0386; 5.0508
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Drôme
Arrondissement Valence
Canton Bourg-de-Péage
Intercommunality Bourg-de-Péage
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Nathalie Nieson
Area1 13.71 km2 (5.29 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 10,079
 • Density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 26057 /26300
Elevation 155–200 m (509–656 ft)
(avg. 135 m or 443 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bourg-de-Péage is a commune in the Drôme department and in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France.

The inhabitants are called Péageois.

Geography[edit]

Map of communes neighbouring Bourg-de-Péage

Bourg-de-Péage is located 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Valence, prefecture of Drôme, 82 kilometres (51 mi) away from Lyon, 195 kilometres (121 mi) from Marseille and 473 kilometres (294 mi) from Paris.

Communes and neighboring towns[edit]

Geology and relief[edit]

The Monts du Matin

Hydrography[edit]

Bourg-de-Péage is separated from its sister town of Romans-sur-Isère by the Isère River.

Climate[edit]

Routes of communications and Transport[edit]

Road network[edit]

Bourg de Péage is accessible from several autoroutes: A7 autoroute, Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 14  and Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 15 ; A49 autoroute, Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6 , as well as several secondary roads: N532/E713 in the direction of Grenoble - Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6 , Romans-west/Bourg-de-Péage, D538 in the direction of Bourg-de-Péage.

Railway network[edit]

Gare TER Romans-Bourg-de-Péage

The commune has access to two stations: The Gare de Romans - Bourg-de-Péage (fr), as well as by the TGV Valence-Rhone-Alps-South.

Air[edit]

The nearest three airports are: Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport (1 hour 20 mins by car), the Grenoble–Isère Airport (55 min by car), Valence-Chabeuil Airport: (15 min by car).

Public transport[edit]

The commune of Bourg-de-Péage is served by the Citéa (fr) bus network.

Toponymy[edit]

History[edit]

The development of the town was due to the presence of a bridge, across the Isère, built by the monks of the Abbey Saint Bernard of Vienne, in 1033. They perceived a right of passage of this bridge. If the inhabitants of the jurisdiction of the current canton were exempt, with the exception of the days of major fairs, foreigners were however taxed at a premium. Similarly, the Isère boatmen (fr) had to pay a tribute for their oars. This activity didn't slow the settlement of the habitat, and the hamlet of Pizançon (commune of Chatuzange-le-Goubet), which originally stood at the end of the bridge, saw its population grow rapidly.[1]

Since the Middle Ages, the stone bridge was lined with three buildings: At the south stood a tower with a door at the base, near which stood the pontoneer's (fr) house; in the north a chapel, known as Notre-Dame-du-Pont, and a small hospital then faced on each side of the roadway. The bridge was repeatedly damaged by the violent floods of the Isère. The tower, which proudly displayed the arms of the town of Romans and the Dauphiné, disappeared in the 17th century. On several occasions, destroyed arch bridges were replaced by wooden decks. In the 18th century work was undertaken for the reconstruction of the structure, completed in the century following its enlargement. However, the bridge would still endure fresh damage because on three occasions (in 1814, 1940 and 1944) its second arch was destroyed. When peace returned, it still retained the scar.

If Romans had acquired a great reputation with luxury shoe, Bourg-de-Péage owes its own to felt hats. Succeeding a solid tradition of hosiery under the Ancien Régime, mainly manufacturing women's underwear, felt headwear was introduced around 1810 by workers from Cognin in Isère. In 1811, three workshops were reported, and half a century later, this activity employed more than 400 workers divided into 16 workshops.

The felt was obtained from domestic rabbit hair, which was the subject of many processes, carried out by workers in difficult conditions of humidity, such as blowing or fulling. In the surrounding countryside, there were many workers collecting rabbit hair, and their activity was sometimes perpetuated in the name of localities. However, the installation of the railway line to Romans in 1864 put an end to the local origin of the raw material, since cheaper Australian rabbit hair was then preferred.

A trompe-l'œil in honour of Charles Mossant

These imports thus caused hundreds of job losses in the countryside.

In 1883, an unprecedented crisis occurred for milliners due to the protectionist attitude of some countries where production flowed. The difficulties overcome, the activity grew further still until 1929 when it reached its apogee. At that time, the Mossant business, which was the pioneer of péageoise millinery, employed more than 1,200 workers, and many other workshops produced alongside the quality headwear of Mossant.

However, from 1930, the fashion of "bare heads" and the lack of exports caused a rapid decline of the headwear, although some workshops continued to operate until 1985.

Politics and administration[edit]

Political trends and results[edit]

2014 municipal elections in Drôme (fr)

List of mayors[edit]

List of mayors of Bourg-de-Péage
Start End Name Party Other details
1857 1870 André Dubouchet
May 1871 Etienne Charbonnel
1896 1919 Louis Pirraud
1919 1929 Charles Ducros
May 1929 1944 François Eynard (fr) Medical doctor, General counsel, senator
1944 1949 Charles Combe SFIO General counsel
1949 1953 Henri Mazade
1953 1995 Henri Durand (fr) DVD General counsel
March 1995 April 2004 Didier Guillaume PS President of the General Council, senator
April 2004 March 2008 Jean-Félix Pupel DVG
March 2008 In progress Nathalie Nieson (fr)[2] PS Regional counsel, députée
Re-elected in 2014

Twin towns[edit]

Bourg-de-Péage is twinned with:

Environmental politics[edit]

Urbanism[edit]

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

In 2012, the commune had 10,169 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses carried out in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, the communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants have a census take place every year as a result of a sample survey, unlike the other communes which have a real census every five years.[note 1][note 2]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,278 —    
1800 2,339 +2.7%
1806 2,566 +9.7%
1821 2,664 +3.8%
1831 3,577 +34.3%
1836 3,604 +0.8%
1841 3,858 +7.0%
1846 3,888 +0.8%
1851 4,258 +9.5%
1856 4,454 +4.6%
Year Pop. ±%
1861 4,624 +3.8%
1866 4,517 −2.3%
1872 4,920 +8.9%
1876 4,830 −1.8%
1881 4,806 −0.5%
1886 4,869 +1.3%
1891 5,022 +3.1%
1896 4,982 −0.8%
1901 4,958 −0.5%
1906 5,537 +11.7%
Year Pop. ±%
1911 5,797 +4.7%
1921 5,830 +0.6%
1926 6,271 +7.6%
1931 6,435 +2.6%
1936 6,301 −2.1%
1946 6,633 +5.3%
1954 7,151 +7.8%
1962 7,804 +9.1%
1968 8,597 +10.2%
1975 8,626 +0.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1982 8,413 −2.5%
1990 9,428 +12.1%
1999 9,752 +3.4%
2004 10,022 +2.8%
2008 10,091 +0.7%
2009 10,147 +0.6%
2012 10,169 +0.2%
From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population.
Source: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1999[4] then INSEE from 2004[5]

Education[edit]

Bourg-de-Péage depends on the Academy of Grenoble (fr). The commune has several schools: Three kindergartens and four primary schools, including one private;[6] two collèges, with one private.[7] A school bus route was implemented by the municipality, for the schoolchildren of the commune.[8]

Health[edit]

Worship[edit]

The parish of Sainte Claire in Dauphiné includes the Catholic communities of Romans-sur-Isère, Bourg-de-Péage, Pizançon and Granges-lès-Beaumont.[9]

Sport[edit]

Cultural events and festivities[edit]

  • Bourg-de-Péage has many venues for performances and exhibitions (Salle Jean Cocteau, Espace François Mitterrand, Mossant Park)
  • Music Festival in the Park: Two days of concerts and entertainment.

The Rendez-vous de la magie:

Street entertainments, introductory workshops, amateur competition of magic, entertainments in schools and public places, etc.: For one week, it is the entire city which lives to the rhythm of the magic. The festival closes in beauty with the organization of three evenings, hosted by professional magicians of international scope, bringing together more than 1,500 spectators.[11]

The Salon des picturales:

The pictorial exhibition gathers approximately 130 artists or enthusiasts. They can share their experiences and their achievements without ulterior motives. Here, there is no competition, selection or award: This was the guideline desired by its initiator, the painter Pierre Palué. Since 1975, the pictorial constitutes a meeting which is still highly anticipated by art lovers. This Péageois exhibition represents a unique opportunity to discover or rediscover the artistic talent within the territory. Thus, each month of October, during the 10 days of the pictorial, over 1,500 visitors come to admire the works on display.[11]

Economy[edit]

Income of the population and taxation[edit]

Employment[edit]

Businesses and shops[edit]

The Pascalis bakery is the oldest bakery in Bourg-de-Péage and dates from the 19th century. Its speciality is the famous pogne (fr) of Romans.[12]

Local Culture and Heritage[edit]

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Old bridge across the Isère between Romans-sur-Isère and Bourg-de-Péage
  • Favor House (Listed from 12 April 1972), a château built between 1798 and 1810 on the field of Bayanne.[13]
  • Château de Mondy built at the end of the 17th century
  • Wood of Naix (fr)
  • Mossant hat shop (listed as an historic monument since 6 April 2004).[14]
  • Clos of the Hermitage
  • In 2014, floral town with "three flowers" in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris[15] since 2008: 59 hectares (150 acres) of parks and gardens, lawn, of massive, of trees and shrubs, hedges and of accompaniments of highways. An exceptional landscape that is the pride of the Peageois.
  • The Vercors sports complex

Personalities linked to the commune[edit]

Specialities[edit]

Pogne

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jacquot, Laurent (2008). Romans - Traces d'Histoire [Romans - Traces of History] (in French). Dauphiné Libéré. coll. Les Patrimoines. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the terms of census have been amended by Act No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, called "grassroots democracy law" on the democracy of proximity and in particular Title V "of census operations", in order, after a power transition period from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with populations greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is carried out annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is included at the end of the same period of five years. The first post-legal population from 1999, and fitting in the new system which came into force on 1 January 2009, is the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table, by Wikipedia convention, the principle was retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 not to display the census populations in the table corresponding to the year 2006, the first published legal population calculated according to the concepts defined in Decree No. 2003-485 of 5 June 2003, and the years corresponding to an exhaustive census survey for municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants, and the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc. For municipalities with more than 10,000, the latest legal population is published by INSEE for all municipalities.

References[edit]

External links[edit]