Bournemouth Winter Gardens

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Bournemouth Winter Gardens was a theatre located in Bournemouth, England. It was first constructed in 1875 as an exhibition centre, but reopened in 1893 as a popular classical music venue. It was demolished and replaced just prior to World War II and became a popular rock music venue in the 1960s. The Gardens have been closed since 2002 and are currently awaiting redevelopment.

History[edit]

The original building was a glass-clad structure constructed in 1875, similar to the Crystal Palace in London. It was appropriately named the Crystal Palace of the Summer and Winter Gardens[1] with a capacity of 4,000. A 1891 prospectus said "These delightful grounds lie in the very bull’s eye of alluring Bournemouth". The lease was transferred to Bournemouth Corporation two years later, with Dan Godfrey starting a new Bournemouth Band around this time.[1]

The initial exhibitions were not popular enough to keep the business afloat, and after several closures and re-openings it was decided to try and make it a dedicated music venue.[2] It was first used as a concert hall in 1893,[1] and meant that Bournemouth was the first municipal town to regularly provide music.[3] Visiting conductors included Edward Elgar, Hubert Parry, Jean Sibelius and Gustav Holst. The building was home to the Bournemouth Municipal Orchestra between 1895 and 1929, after which time concerts were transferred to Bournemouth Pavilion.[1]

This structure was demolished in 1935 and replaced by a conventional brick building two years later, originally designed as a bowling alley. After World War II, the building was adapted for use as a concert hall as it had good acoustics.[1] Along with other entertainment, it was the principal performing venue of the Municipal Orchestra until 1954. The renamed Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra remained in residence until 1979, when the orchestra moved its concerts to The Lighthouse.[1]

The Winter Gardens was popular with pop and rock groups from the 1960s onward. The Beatles performed at the Winter Gardens on 16 November 1963, and the show was filmed by CBS that was telecast a week later.[4] The Rolling Stones played the venue on 23 August 1964; the planned support group, The Paramounts missed the gig due to a van breakdown.[5] Jimi Hendrix performed at the Winter Gardens in 1967, Pink Floyd in 1972, Elton John in both 1972 and 1973, David Bowie and Wings in 1973 and Queen in 1974.[1]

Rolf Harris had a summer residence at the Gardens, as did Morecambe and Wise, Bob Hope and Jack Benny. The venue also occasionally showed films and wrestling matches.[1] In 1997, the theatre saw a meeting of football fans concerned with saving the debt-ridden A.F.C. Bournemouth. However by this time, the theatre was in decline. Music groups preferred bigger venues and there was an excessive number of theatres in the town.[1]

Redevelopment[edit]

The Winter Gardens closed in 2002 and the building was demolished in 2006. The site is used as a car park, pending redevelopment.[1] In 2014, the council announced plans to build an entertainment centre and restaurants on the site.[6]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Winter Gardens through the years: from popular concert venue to car park". Bournemouth Echo. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Mate 2014, p. 115.
  3. ^ Mate 2014, p. 116.
  4. ^ Wiener, Allen (1986). The Beatles: a recording history. McFarland. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-899-50209-0. 
  5. ^ Scott-Irvine, Henry (2012). Procol Harum: The Ghosts Of A Whiter Shade of Pale. Music Sales Group. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-857-12802-7. 
  6. ^ "Bournemouth's Winter Gardens revamp approved". BBC News. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 

Sources

  • Mate, Charles H (2014). Bournemouth: The Biography. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-64246-8. 


Coordinates: 50°43′04″N 1°52′48″W / 50.7177°N 1.8800°W / 50.7177; -1.8800