Bournemouth railway station

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Bournemouth
National Rail
Bournemouth Central-8309.jpg
LocationBournemouth, Dorset,
England
Grid referenceSZ096919
Managed bySouth Western Railway
Platforms4
Other information
Station codeBMH
ClassificationDfT category C1
History
Pre-groupingLondon and South Western Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
Key dates
20 July 1885Opened (Bournemouth East)
1 May 1899Renamed (Bournemouth Central)
10 July 1967Renamed (Bournemouth)
Passengers
2015/16Increase 2.688 million
 Interchange Decrease 74,435
2016/17Increase 2.756 million
 Interchange Decrease 69,627
2017/18Decrease 2.722 million
 Interchange Decrease 68,830
2018/19Increase 2.752 million
 Interchange Decrease 48,752
2019/20Decrease 2.526 million
 Interchange Increase 64,754
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Bournemouth railway station is the main railway station serving the beach-side town of Bournemouth, Dorset, England. It was previously known as Bournemouth East (1885 to 1899) and then Bournemouth Central (1899 to 1967). It has long been treated as an obligatory stop (major stop) on the South West Main Line from London Waterloo to Weymouth. It is 108 miles 2 chains (173.8 km) down the main line from Waterloo[note 1] and is situated between Pokesdown and Branksome.

A previous incarnation of Bournemouth East station was on another site. Ticket barriers were installed in 2008 and British Transport Police have a Bournemouth office at the station which acts as a regional hub.[1]

History[edit]

Looking eastward in 1963

The station was designed by William Jacob, chief engineer of the London and South Western Railway, and opened on 20 July 1885 as Bournemouth East replacing the original station of the same name on the other side of Holdenhurst Road from 1870 to 1885, see Bournemouth East railway station (Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway).[2] The station was over 1–km from the town centre on the insistence of town authorities of the time. It was renamed Bournemouth Central on 1 May 1899 and became Bournemouth on 10 July 1967 following the closure of Bournemouth West. By 1967 third rail electrification had reached Bournemouth and continued beyond to Branksome and Bournemouth Train & Rolling Stock Maintenance Depot but no further. From the end of steam most trains were formed of 4REP EMUs coupled up with one or more unpowered 4TC units. The 4TC units would be uncoupled at Bournemouth and attached to a Class 33/1 diesel locomotive for the onward journey to Weymouth. This continued until the electrification of the line from Branksome to Weymouth and the introduction of Class 442 units in 1988. The end of steam also saw the removal of the station's centre tracks which ran between the up and down lines serving platforms 2 and 3 respectively and the demolition of the locomotive sheds to the west; the station car park took over their site.

The station roof was severely damaged by the Great Storm of 1987 that hit the South of England. It was extensively refurbished in 2000 by Railtrack after many years of disrepair and being surrounded by scaffolding to protect people from falling debris.

Ticket barriers were installed in 2008.

Bournemouth railway station was once served by services and goods deliveries across five railways, the South West Main Line, Southampton and Dorchester Railway, Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway, Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway and Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On 2 September 1961, a train was derailed by trap points at the end of the down platform (towards the west).[3]

Layout[edit]

The station has four platforms:

  • Platform 1 – east facing bay platform capable of accommodating trains of up to four 20-metre coaches. As of May 2021, trains to Winchester depart from this platform.
  • Platform 2 – for through services to the east towards Southampton & London Waterloo
  • Platforms 3 and 4 – for terminating services from London & Manchester and through services to Weymouth, platform 4 is rarely used by trains in passenger service.

Platforms 3 and 4 are continuous, and both can accommodate full-length trains. This means Bournemouth has one of the longest platforms in the country. Other stations with this arrangement include Gloucester, Cambridge and Edinburgh Waverley.

Motive power depot[edit]

BR Standard 5MT 4-6-0 No. 73110 approaching the station 10 May 1958. The Locomotive Depot is visible behind the locomotive.

A small locomotive depot was opened at Bournemouth East in 1870, but closed in 1883.[4] This was replaced by a larger shed, adjacent to Bournemouth Central station, in 1883. This in turn was supplemented by another shed nearby in 1888. In 1921, the 1883 shed was closed and the 1888 one was extended to increase capacity, and between 1936 and 1938 this was rebuilt and enlarged. The new shed included a 65 ft (20 m) turntable and a 50 LT (51 t) hoist. However the facilities remained cramped and awkwardly sited; there were proposals to move the depot to Branksome which were never implemented. This site therefore remained in use until June 1967 when the site was cleared.[5]

Services[edit]

A CrossCountry service

Rail[edit]

The station is primarily served by South Western Railway, who operate fast and semi-fast trains from London Waterloo to Weymouth or Poole, and stopping services from Winchester to Bournemouth.[6]

CrossCountry operate services from Bournemouth to Manchester Piccadilly via Birmingham New Street.[7] All CrossCountry services at Bournemouth use Voyagers. Before the CrossCountry service was standardised in 2007 there were for many years CrossCountry services to many other destinations, including the Dorset Scot, Pines Express and Wessex Scot and other trains to Scotland via both the West Coast Main Line and East Coast Main Line, along with trains to Leeds and to Liverpool Lime Street.

As of June 2021, the typical stopping pattern of the station are:

  • Monday to Saturday:
    • 1 South Western Railway train per hour between Weymouth and London Waterloo, operating as a stopping service between Weymouth and Poole, and as a semi-fast service between Poole and Brockenhurst.
    • 1 South Western Railway train per hour between Poole and London Waterloo, stopping at all stations between Poole and Bournemouth before continuing as an express service to London. This service extends to Weymouth on Saturday as a semi-fast service west of Poole.
    • 1 South Western Railway train per hour between Bournemouth and Winchester, calling at most intermediate stations. This service extends to Poole, calling at all intermediate stations on Saturday.
    • 1 CrossCountry train every 2 hours between Bournemouth and Manchester via Southampton, Reading, and Birmingham.
  • Sunday:
    • 1 South Western Railway train per hour between Weymouth and London Waterloo, stopping at all stations between Weymouth and Poole except Holton Heath and express thereafter.
    • 1 South Western Railway train per hour between Poole and London Waterloo, running non-stop between Poole and Bournemouth and stopping all the way to Southampton Central.
    • 1 CrossCountry train every 2 hours between Bournemouth and Manchester via Southampton, Reading, and Birmingham.
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Southampton Central   CrossCountry
Manchester–Bournemouth
  Terminus
Brockenhurst   South Western Railway
London–Weymouth express services
  Branksome
Pokesdown
for Boscombe
  South Western Railway
London–Weymouth semi-fast services
  Poole
Pokesdown
for Boscombe
  South Western Railway
Winchester-Bournemouth stopping services
  Terminus
  Historical railways  
Boscombe
Line open, station closed
  London and South Western Railway
Southampton and Dorchester Railway
  Meyrick Park Halt
Line open, station closed

In May 1994, Network SouthEast extended its service London Victoria to Southampton service to terminate at Bournemouth.[8] It was truncated back to Southampton in the 2000s by Southern. The service was one of the few regular services to use platform 1.

Bus[edit]

Bournemouth railway station also serves as a hub for local bus services. On the down side of the station is Bournemouth Travel Interchange which is served by moreBus and Yellow Buses, both companies operate frequent services to the town centre. A regular bus service to Bournemouth Airport, the 737, is operated by Yellow Buses. It is also a stop on National Express coach routes which serve the town.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Railways in the United Kingdom historically are measured in miles and chains. There are 80 chains to one mile.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Bournemouth Central - History" semgonline.com
  3. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-906899 03 6.
  4. ^ Griffiths, Roger; Paul Smith (1999). The directory of British engine sheds. 1. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. p. 50. ISBN 0 86093 542 6.
  5. ^ Hawkins, Chris; George Reeve (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. p. 15. ISBN 0 86093 020 3.
  6. ^ South Western Railway Pocket Timetable 28
  7. ^ CrossCountry timetable, Scotland, The North East & Manchester to the South West & South Coast
  8. ^ Network SouthCentral goes west Rail issue 230 6 July 1994 page 19

Coordinates: 50°43′41″N 1°51′50″W / 50.728°N 1.864°W / 50.728; -1.864