Bouse, Arizona

Coordinates: 33°56′1″N 114°0′30″W / 33.93361°N 114.00833°W / 33.93361; -114.00833
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Bouse, Arizona
Gold on hematite from the old Dutchman Mine near Bouse[1]
Gold on hematite from the old Dutchman Mine near Bouse[1]
Location in La Paz County and the state of Arizona
Location in La Paz County and the state of Arizona
Bouse, Arizona is located in the United States
Bouse, Arizona
Bouse, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°56′1″N 114°0′30″W / 33.93361°N 114.00833°W / 33.93361; -114.00833
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyLa Paz
Area
 • Total136.18 sq mi (352.69 km2)
 • Land136.18 sq mi (352.69 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
948 ft (289 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total707
 • Density5.19/sq mi (2.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST (no daylight saving time))
ZIP code
85325
Area code928
FIPS code04-07310
GNIS feature ID1887

Bouse (/ˈbs/ BOWSS rhymes with "house") is a census-designated place (CDP) and ghost town in La Paz County, Arizona, United States. Founded in 1908 as a mining camp, the economy of Bouse is now based on tourism, agriculture, and retirees.[3] The population was 996 at the 2010 census.[4] It was originally named Brayton after the store owner John Brayton Martin.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Bouse is located north of the center of La Paz County at 33°56′1″N 114°0′30″W / 33.93361°N 114.00833°W / 33.93361; -114.00833 (33.933657, -114.008268).[7] Arizona State Route 72 passes through the community, leading northwest 26 miles (42 km) to Parker and southeast 23 miles (37 km) to Hope.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Bouse CDP has a total area of 136.2 square miles (352.8 km2), all land.[4]

Camp Bouse, 20 mi (32 km) east in Butler Valley, is the former site of a World War II US Army tank training camp. Although the buildings are gone, a few foundations remain, as do some of the tank tracks from World War II. There is a Camp Bouse memorial monument in Bouse.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1920167
1930427155.7%
1960100
2000615
201099662.0%
2020707−29.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

Bouse first appeared on the 1920 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village, then in Yuma County.[10] Although it did not appear separately as a village in 1930, the precinct it was located in, Bouse Precinct, had been contiguous with the village in 1920, and it reported a population of 427, which was majority White.[11] Bouse's population was estimated as 100 in 1940,[12] and also 100 in the 1960 census.[13] It appeared again in 2000, when it was made a census-designated place (CDP), now within La Paz County.[14]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 996 people, 547 households, and 303 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 60.9 inhabitants per square mile (23.5/km2). There were 562 housing units at an average density of 55.7 per square mile (21.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.6% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.

There were 320 households, out of which 6.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.33.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 9.8% under the age of 18, 1.1% from 18 to 24, 8.5% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 51.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 65 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,479, and the median income for a family was $27,935. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $20,536 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,623. About 9.9% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bouse has a desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.[16]

Climate data for Bouse, Arizona, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1932–2017
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
92
(33)
98
(37)
106
(41)
115
(46)
121
(49)
123
(51)
118
(48)
117
(47)
109
(43)
96
(36)
92
(33)
123
(51)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 75.8
(24.3)
81.4
(27.4)
89.9
(32.2)
99.0
(37.2)
105.9
(41.1)
113.0
(45.0)
115.3
(46.3)
113.1
(45.1)
109.1
(42.8)
99.5
(37.5)
86.5
(30.3)
74.0
(23.3)
116.0
(46.7)
Average high °F (°C) 65.9
(18.8)
70.3
(21.3)
78.4
(25.8)
86.4
(30.2)
95.3
(35.2)
104.9
(40.5)
108.4
(42.4)
107.3
(41.8)
100.8
(38.2)
88.6
(31.4)
74.9
(23.8)
64.1
(17.8)
87.1
(30.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.5
(10.8)
55.5
(13.1)
62.2
(16.8)
69.3
(20.7)
78.2
(25.7)
87.1
(30.6)
93.3
(34.1)
92.4
(33.6)
84.9
(29.4)
72.0
(22.2)
58.9
(14.9)
50.0
(10.0)
71.3
(21.8)
Average low °F (°C) 37.1
(2.8)
40.7
(4.8)
46.0
(7.8)
52.1
(11.2)
61.1
(16.2)
69.3
(20.7)
78.2
(25.7)
77.5
(25.3)
69.1
(20.6)
55.4
(13.0)
42.9
(6.1)
36.0
(2.2)
55.5
(13.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 25.4
(−3.7)
28.8
(−1.8)
33.0
(0.6)
39.8
(4.3)
47.4
(8.6)
56.9
(13.8)
66.5
(19.2)
66.3
(19.1)
55.1
(12.8)
42.4
(5.8)
30.1
(−1.1)
23.8
(−4.6)
22.1
(−5.5)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
16
(−9)
20
(−7)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
42
(6)
57
(14)
48
(9)
40
(4)
24
(−4)
19
(−7)
15
(−9)
11
(−12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.66
(17)
0.80
(20)
0.51
(13)
0.19
(4.8)
0.31
(7.9)
0.04
(1.0)
0.48
(12)
0.73
(19)
0.77
(20)
0.38
(9.7)
0.34
(8.6)
0.64
(16)
5.85
(149)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.1 4.0 2.8 1.0 0.7 0.3 2.9 3.5 2.4 1.8 1.5 2.9 26.9
Source 1: NOAA[17]
Source 2: XMACIS2 (mean maxima/minima 1981–2010)[18]

Government[edit]

The Bouse Domestic Water Improvement District provides water service to Bouse.[19] Education is provided by the Bouse Elementary School District and the Bicentennial Union High School District.

Economy[edit]

An egg facility owned by Rose Acre Farms broke ground near Bouse on July 13, 2015.[20] The facility was also planned to include a pullet farm, a rail spur from the Arizona and California Railroad, and a feed mill operation. According to the president of the La Paz Economic Development Corporation, it is the biggest economic development project ever taken in the county.[21] In early 2017, it was reported by the mayor of Parker that the facility has hens and its first truckload of eggs was out.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dutchman Mine (Flying Dutchman Mine), Bouse, Plomosa District, Plomosa Mts, La Paz Co., Arizona, USA". www.mindat.org.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  3. ^ Bouse community profile Archived September 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine at Arizona Department of Commerce
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Bouse CDP, Arizona". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  5. ^ Heatwole, Thelma (1991) [1951]. Ghost Towns and Historical Haunts in Arizona. Phoenix: American Traveler Press. pp. 15–16 [16]. ISBN 978-0914846109.
  6. ^ Varney, Philip (1980). "Three: Ghosts of Central-Western Arizona • The Hot Ones". Arizona's Best Ghost Towns. Flagstaff: Northland Press. pp. 39–40. ISBN 0873582179. LCCN 79-91724.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ Camp Bouse information at Ghosttowns.com
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ Bureau of the Census Library (1924). "Fourteenth Census of the United States - State Compendium - Arizona" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office.
  11. ^ "Arizona - Composition and Characteristics" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1930. pp. 141–163.
  12. ^ The Attorneys List. United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company, Attorney List Department. 1940. p. 85.
  13. ^ "Arizona". World Book Encyclopedia. Vol. A. Chicago: Field Enterprises Educational Corporation. 1960. p. 557.
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Arizona: 2000 - Summary Population and Housing Characteristics" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ "Bouse, Arizona Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  17. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Bouse, AZ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  18. ^ "xmACIS2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  19. ^ "Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, Drinking Water Watch".
  20. ^ Gutekunst, John (July 17, 2015). "Rose Acre Farms holds groundbreaking ceremony". Parker Pioneer. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  21. ^ Gutekunst, John (November 18, 2015). "Rose Acre Farms Reports Progress". Parker Pioneer. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  22. ^ Gutekunst, John (April 11, 2017). "New police manual tabled". Parker Pioneer. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]