Boussingault (crater)

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Boussingault crater 4058 h2.jpg
Coordinates 70°24′S 54°42′E / 70.4°S 54.7°E / -70.4; 54.7Coordinates: 70°24′S 54°42′E / 70.4°S 54.7°E / -70.4; 54.7
Diameter 131 km
Depth 3.2 km
Colongitude 306° at sunrise
Eponym Jean B. Boussingault
Oblique view of craters Boussingault (above right), Helmholtz (below right), and Neumayer (below left, mostly in shadow), facing southwest, from Lunar Orbiter 4

Boussingault is a large lunar crater that lies near the rugged southeast limb of the Moon. Because of its location, Boussingault appears highly oblong in shape due to foreshortening. To the southwest is the crater Boguslawsky, and almost attached to the northeast rim is Helmholtz. East-southeast of Boussingault lies the crater Neumayer.

The most notable aspect of this crater is the large crater that lies entirely within its outer walls, so that it resembles a double-walled formation. The outer rim is worn and Boussingault K lies across the northwest rim. To the northwest is the overlapping triple crater formation of Boussingault E, B, and C.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Boussingault.

Boussingault Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 69.9° S 54.0° E 72 km
B 65.5° S 46.9° E 54 km
C 65.1° S 48.2° E 24 km
D 63.5° S 44.9° E 9 km
E 67.2° S 46.8° E 98 km
F 68.8° S 39.4° E 16 km
G 71.4° S 51.8° E 5 km
K 68.9° S 50.9° E 29 km
N 71.5° S 62.1° E 15 km
P 67.1° S 45.1° E 13 km
R 64.3° S 48.6° E 12 km
S 64.1° S 46.9° E 16 km
T 63.0° S 43.2° E 20 km