From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Grama grass
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
Bouteloua curtipendula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Boutelouinae
Genus: Bouteloua
Lag. 1805 not Hornem. ex P. Beauv. 1812[1][2]
Type species
Bouteloua racemosa

Bouteloua is a genus of plants in the grass family.[4][5] Members of the genus are commonly known as grama grass.[6]

The genus was named for Claudio and Esteban Boutelou, 19th-century Spanish botanists.[7][8]


The top of a hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta) flower spike, showing the flattened rachis

Bouteloua species have an inflorescence of 1 to 80 racemes or spikes positioned alternately on the culm (stem). The rachis (stem) of the spike is flattened. The spikelets are positioned along one side of the spike. Each spikelet contains one fertile floret, and usually one sterile floret.[9]


Species of Bouteloua include:[3][6][10][11][12]

Formerly included[edit]

Some grass species, formerly classified under Bouteloua, have been reclassified under other genera including:[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Bouteloua". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  2. ^ "Bouteloua". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  3. ^ a b c "Bouteloua". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Lagasca y Segura, Mariano. 1805. Variedades de Ciencias, Literatura y Artes 2(4,21): 134
  5. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  6. ^ a b "Bouteloua". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  7. ^ Peterson, P. M. & Y. Herrera-Arrieta. 2001. Bouteloua. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 41: 20–33
  8. ^ Gould, F. W. 1980. The genus Bouteloua (Poaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 66(3): 348–416
  9. ^ Sun, Bi-xing; Phillips, Sylvia M. "Bouteloua". Flora of China. 22 – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  10. ^ "Species Records of Bouteloua". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  11. ^ "Bouteloua". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  12. ^ Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Memoir San Diego Society of Natural History 12: 1–140

External links[edit]