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grama grass
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
Bouteloua curtipendula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Genus: Bouteloua
Lag. 1805 not Hornem. ex P. Beauv. 1812[1]
Type species
Bouteloua racemosa

Bouteloua is a genus of plants in the grass family.[3][4] Members of the genus are commonly known as Grama grass.[5]

The genus was named for Claudio and Esteban Boutelou, 19th-century Spanish botanists.[6][7]


Species of Bouteloua include: [2][5][8][9][10]

  1. Bouteloua alamosana Vasey - Mesoamerica
  2. Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. – American Grama - southern Mexico, Central America, West Indies, northern South America
  3. Bouteloua annua Swallen - Baja California Sur, Sonora
  4. Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb. – Needle Grama - USA (CA AZ NV UT NM TX); Mexico, South America, Aruba
  5. Bouteloua bracteata (McVaugh) Columbus - Michoacán
  6. Bouteloua chondrosioides (Kunth) Benth. ex S.Watson – Sprucetop Grama - USA (AZ TX); Mesoamerica
  7. Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. – Sideoats Grama - widespread in USA + Canada + Mexico
  8. Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus – Buffalograss - USA, Canada, Mexico
  9. Bouteloua dimorpha Columbus - Great Plains in USA + Canada; also Mexico, Honduras, Cuba, Trinidad
  10. Bouteloua distans Swallen - Mexico
  11. Bouteloua disticha (Kunth) Benth. - from southern Mexico to Ecuador; also Cuba + Galápagos
  12. Bouteloua eludens Griffiths - USA (AZ NM), Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
  13. Bouteloua johnstonii Swallen - Coahuila
  14. Bouteloua juncea (Desv. ex Beauv.) A.S.Hitchc. – Lamilla - Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico
  15. Bouteloua media (E.Fourn.) Gould & Kapadia - from central Mexico to Uruguay
  16. Bouteloua megapotamica (Spreng.) Kuntze - Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia
  17. Bouteloua mexicana (Scribn.) Columbus - Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras
  18. Bouteloua multifida (Griffiths) Columbus - from Sonora to Oaxaca
  19. Bouteloua nervata Swallen - Hidalgo, México State
  20. Bouteloua pedicellata Swallen - Puebla, Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Tlaxcala, Nuevo León, Veracruz
  21. Bouteloua polymorpha (E.Fourn.) Columbus - from Durango to Oaxaca
  22. Bouteloua purpurea Gould & Kapadia - Guanajuato, D.F., San Luis Potosí, México State, Hidalgo, Querétaro
  23. Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths – Purple Grama - USA (AZ NM ), Mexico (Chihuahua, Michoacán, Coahuila, Morelos, Puebla, Durango, Zacatecas, D.F., Jalisco, Nuevo León, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Tamaulipas)
  24. Bouteloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. – Slender Grama - USA (AZ NM TX OK)
  25. Bouteloua reederorum Columbus - Durango, Puebla, Zacatecas, Oaxaca
  26. Bouteloua reflexa Swallen - Sonora, Sinaloa, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Nayarit
  27. Bouteloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. & Merr. - USA (AZ NM TX), Mesoamerica, Colombia, Venezuela, West Indies
  28. Bouteloua rigidiseta (Steud.) Hitchc. – Texas Grama - USA (NM TX OK AR LA), Mexico (Aguascalientes, Durango)
  29. Bouteloua scabra (Kunth) Columbus - from Hidalgo to Honduras
  30. Bouteloua stolonifera Scribn. - San Luis Potosí, Aguascalientes, Zacatecas
  31. Bouteloua swallenii Columbus - from El Salvador to Venezuela
  32. Bouteloua triaena (Trin. ex Spreng.) Scribn. - from Sinaloa to Guatemala
  33. Bouteloua uniflora Vasey – Nealley Grama, Oneflower Grama - USA (UT TX), Mexico (Coahuila, Zacatecas, Nuevo León, Querétaro, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas)
  34. Bouteloua vaneedenii Pilg. - Cuba, Leeward Islands, Venezuela
  35. Bouteloua warnockii Gould & Kapadia – Warnock's Grama - USA (NM TX), Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
  36. Bouteloua williamsii Swallen - Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras

Formerly included[edit]

Some grass species, formerly classified under Bouteloua, have been reclassified under other genera including: [2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Bouteloua Lag.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Lagasca y Segura, Mariano. 1805. Variedades de Ciencias, Literatura y Artes 2(4,21): 134
  4. ^ Watson L, Dallwitz MJ. (2008). "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references". The Grass Genera of the World. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  5. ^ a b "Bouteloua". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  6. ^ Peterson, P. M. & Y. Herrera-Arrieta. 2001. Bouteloua. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 41: 20–33
  7. ^ Gould, F. W. 1980. The genus Bouteloua (Poaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 66(3): 348–416
  8. ^ "Species Records of Bouteloua". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  9. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  10. ^ Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Memoir San Diego Society of Natural History 12: 1–140

External links[edit]