Bow Road railway station

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This article is about the closed main line railway station. For the open London Underground station of the same name, see Bow Road tube station.
Bow Road
Bow Road (ex-GER) Station (remains) - geograph.org.uk - 1866087.jpg
Station building remains in 1961
Location Bow
Owner Great Eastern Railway
Number of platforms 2
Key dates
1876 (1876) Opened
1949 (1949) Closed
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portal

Bow Road is a closed railway station in Bow, east London, that was opened in 1876 and operated by the Great Eastern Railway (GER). The station building was situated slightly west of a former North London Railway (NLR) station called Bow and close to the current Bow Road tube station on the London Underground and Bow Church DLR station on the Docklands Light Railway. Bow Road railway station was re-sited in 1892 and closed in 1949.

Original station on the site[edit]

The line that the station was located on was opened by the London and Blackwell Extension Railway (LBER) on 2 April 1849. This line served the first station on the site, named Bow and Bromley and located north of Bow Road itself, on a viaduct. Trains would, if there was a connecting service, run on to an interchange station called Victoria Park and Bow, otherwise services terminated at Bow and Bromley.[1] The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) was not particularly co-operative in stopping many of their services at Victoria Park and Bow and in the March 1850 Bradshaw's Guide the only ECR services to call at Victoria Park and Bow were the 6:07 a.m. to Norwich on weekdays and the 1:37 p.m. to Norwich on Sundays. In the London-bound direction there were no weekday services at all whilst two services called on Sunday at 1:05 and 9:28 p.m.[2]

The original intention had been to build a junction with the ECR main line between Bishopsgate and Stratford stations and run through-trains from Fenchurch Street.[3][Note 1]

The relationship between the two railway companies was poor at this time so the junction was not built and services on the newly opened branch lasted until 26 September 1850 when the original station was closed. The relationship gradually improved and in 1854 the junction between the two lines was built and the LBER became part of the initial London Tilbury and Southend (LTSR) route to Fenchurch Street (with the more direct route from Barking opening in 1858).[4] [Note 2]

By the 1860s the railways in East Anglia were in financial trouble, and most were leased to the ECR; they wished to amalgamate formally, but could not obtain government agreement for this until 1862, when the Great Eastern Railway (GER) was formed by amalgamation.[5]

First Bow Road station[edit]

The London and Blackwall Railway (LBR) was leased four years later in 1866 and some 10 years later on 1 October 1876 the GER built a new station south of Bow Road, which they aptly named Bow Road. Why they did not use the original site of Bromley and Bow station is unclear, but the new station had wooden platforms that had to be cantilevered off the viaduct. There was a small booking office at street level with stairs leading up to the platform each side of the viaduct.[6]

On 3 September 1881 there was a collision at Bow Road when a train ran into the back of a stationary train which had failed at the station. The driver and fireman of the moving train were killed and 11 passengers were injured. In the inquiry that followed the cause was deemed to be the failure of the signalman to protect the rear of the train by placing signals to "danger". The train crew were criticised in that while they had noticed the signals were not at "danger", they had failed to inform the signalman. The guard of the first train was also criticised for not having properly protected the rear of the failed train.[7]

In the late 1880s a small goods yard was opened south of Bow Road passenger station.[Note 3] It handled domestic coal, bricks, building materials and general merchandise and was equipped (in GER days) with a five-ton capacity crane, seven-ton cart weighbridge and a small goods lock-up. The yard was closed in 1964 and the Bow Triangle Business Centre now occupies the site.[8]

In 1892 Bow Road passenger station was re-sited to the north and an interchange walkway provided with the neighbouring NLR's Bow station. After closure, the first station building was used as a coal office, later an auctioneer, then in 1912 was converted to a cinema.[9]

Second Bow Road station[edit]

The re-sited Bow Road station commenced operations on 4 April 1892. The re-locating of this station then allowed the GER to withdraw a Bow to Fenchurch Street service it was running from the adjoining NLR's Bow station (which they had taken over from the NLR in 1869).[Note 4] Essentially the GER had been operating two services from Bow to Fenchurch Street since 1876 which given the increasingly busy nature of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (as well as freight) was almost certainly a move to relieve congestion as well as save costs.[10]

The walkway between Bow Road and Bow stations was closed in 1917 as a wartime economy measure, a mere 25 years after Bow Road had been re-sited.[11]

In the July 1922 edition of Bradshaw's Guide, trains serving Bow Road could be found on page 318. On weekdays the first country-bound train from Fenchurch Street ran at 6:20 a.m. with the last at 9:53 p.m. The journey time was around 12 minutes (assuming trains stopped at all intermediate stations, although some did not). Journey time to Stratford was then a further six minutes. Most trains went as far as Ilford. In the opposite direction the first train to Fenchurch Street departed Bow Road at 5:49 a.m. and the last at 9:30 p.m.[12]

A 1914 Railway Clearing House junction diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Bow Road (lower left)

The new station was taken over by the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) after the 1923 grouping. On 21 April 1941 the station was closed due to bomb damage as a result of German bombing raids during the Blitz.[13]

Bow Road re-opened on 9 December 1946 but then closed between 6 January 1947 and 6 October 1947 so a number of alterations could be made.[14] The line was electrified at this point and the original intention was to run shuttle services between Stratford and Fenchurch Street.[15]

Following nationalisation of the railways in 1948, Bow Road became part of the Eastern Region of British Railways. It was then decided to close the line and Bow Road station was permanently closed on 7 November 1949. The line was reprieved as it was felt it would be useful for diversions.

The line today[edit]

The line Bow Road station stood on, between Gas Factory Junction on the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR) and Bow Junction on the Great Eastern Main Line (GEML), was reduced to a single track (circa 1986) to allow the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) Poplar-Stratford branch to share the alignment north of the station.

As of 2015 the line is only used only for emergency diversions, stock moves and a limited Stratford-Fenchurch Street service.[citation needed]

It is almost certain that the station will never re-open given the proximity of Bow Church DLR station and Bow Road tube station. A study of aerial photographs shows the platforms and stairwell structures intact on the viaduct and the station building still in commercial use on Bow Road. The 1876 station site appears to have been re-developed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Borley, H V (1993). The memories and writings of a London railwayman. Mold, Wales: Railway and Canal History Society. p. 62. ISBN 0 901461 16 4. 
  2. ^ Bradshaw, George (March 1, 1850). Bradshaws Guide (reprint (no date but c1990s) ed.). Teignmouth, Devon: P Kay. pp. 25–27. 
  3. ^ Connor, J E (2006). Branch Lines of East London. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. 42. ISBN 1 901706 44 3. 
  4. ^ Connor, J E (August 1998). Fenchurch Street - Barking. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. VII. ISBN 1 901706 20 6. 
  5. ^ Vaughan, Adrian (1997). Railwaymen, Politics and Money. London: John Murray. pp. 134, 135. ISBN 0 7195 5150 1. 
  6. ^ Connor, J E (1987). The Stepney Railway. Colchester, UK: Connor and Butler. p. 58. ISBN 0 947699 08 2. 
  7. ^ Voisey, F G (August 1991). "accidents on the Great Eastern no 22 - Bow Road". Great Eastern Journal 66: 14. 
  8. ^ Watling, John (October 1984). "The London goods stations of the GER: Part 2". Great Eastern Journal 40: 6. 
  9. ^ Connor, J E (2006). Branch Lines of East London. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. 42. ISBN 1 901706 44 3. 
  10. ^ Connor, J E (1987). The Stepney Railway. Colchester, UK: Connor and Butler. pp. 57, 58. ISBN 0 947699 08 2. 
  11. ^ Connor, J E (2006). Branch Lines of East London. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. 46. ISBN 1 901706 44 3. 
  12. ^ Bradshaw, George (July 1922). Bradshaws July 1922 Railway Guide (1986 reprint ed.). London UK: Guild Publishing. p. 318. 
  13. ^ Connor, J E (2006). Branch Lines of East London. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. 44. ISBN 1 901706 44 3. 
  14. ^ Connor, J E (1987). The Stepney Railway. Colchester, UK: Connor and Butler. p. 120. ISBN 0 947699 08 2. 
  15. ^ Connor, J E (2006). Branch Lines of East London. Midhurst UK: Middleton Press. p. 48. ISBN 1 901706 44 3. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At this date the only other intermediate station existing between Bishopsgate and Stratford was Mile End railway station (London).
  2. ^ The LBER and ECR were partners in the LTSR
  3. ^ The Eyre & Spottiswoode map of Poplar in 1885 does not show the yard http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-poplar-n.htm
  4. ^ The NLR commenced operations into its own terminus at Broad Street in 1865 so no longer needed access to Fenchurch Street as well.

External links[edit]

Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Burdett Road   Great Eastern Railway
London and Blackwall Railway
  Stratford
Burdett Road   Great Eastern Railway
London and Blackwall Extension Railway
  Victoria Park and Bow

Coordinates: 51°31′42″N 0°01′20″W / 51.52833°N 0.02211°W / 51.52833; -0.02211