Bowen Hills, Queensland
|Population||3,226 (2016 census)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,910/sq mi)|
|Area||1.7 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10:00)|
|Location||3.3 km (2 mi) NNE of Brisbane GPO|
|LGA(s)||City of Brisbane|
Bowen Hills is 3.3 kilometres (2.1 mi) by road from the Brisbane CBD.
Mayne is a neighbourhood within the south of the suburb ().
There are a number of railway lines passing through the suburb, including the long-distance North Coast railway line, a number of Brisbane suburban lines, and the Exhibition Loop railway line. Railway stations within the suburb are:
- Bowen Hills railway station, serving passengers on the suburban lines ( )
- Exhibition railway station in the centre of the Brisbane Exhibition Grounds, serving staff and patrons ( ).
- Mayne Depot railway station, serving the Mayne railway yard ( )
- Mayne Junction railway station, now closed ( )
Before white settlement Bowen Hills was occupied by the indigenous Chepara people including the Brisbane, Ipswich and southern Jagera people. The higher parts were named Barrambin meaning windy place because they caught the breezes. It was one of the main campsites for the region, part of the Spring Hill, City area, where on occasions 700 to 1000 people were camped, including Brisbane locals, groups from Ipswich, the Tweed Valley, Wivenhoe, Rosewood, Logan, Stradbroke, North Pine and beyond.
The area now occupied by the grounds of the Brisbane Exhibition Ground and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital was named Walan (Woolan), meaning Bream (fish). The area of the present main Ekka oval was a "great fighting ground for the blacks". Barrambin was an important location for "kippa-ring" or initiation ceremony. Tribes from the coast would travel here to have their "kippa's" (young men) initiated. Early European settlement named the area beside Gilchrist Avenue York's Hollow.
The Queensland Acclimatisation Society occupied Bowen Park in 1862, the area later known as the RNA Exhibition Grounds and home to the Brisbane Ekka, although part of it still remains as parkland.
In 1866 Bowen Hills was defined as a postal district. Settlement increased in the 1870s. A post office was opened in 1878. The train station was opened in 1882.
Our Lady of Victories' Primary School opened on 13 November 1921 and closed in 1966.
In the mid-twentieth century Bowen Hills was well known as the location of the Cloudland dance hall. Cloudland's domed structure on top of a hill was a prominent landmark on Brisbane's northside. Cloudland was controversially demolished in 1982 to make way for an apartment development.
From 1950 until 1972, owners Brian and Marjorie Johnstone operated the Johnstone Gallery in Cintra Road, Bowen Hills. The gallery was the driving force behind building an appreciation of contemporary Australian art in Brisbane and beyond, arguably Australia’s most famous commercial gallery of the time. Owners Brian and Marjorie Johnstone created a focal point of Brisbane’s cultural and social life, with their Sunday exhibition openings featuring leading Australian artists such as Sir Sidney Nolan, Robert Dickerson, Lawrence Daws, Margaret Olley, Charles Blackman, Ray Crooke, Arthur Boyd, Donald Friend, Laurence Hope. Their collection documenting the success of their gallery is now held by the State Library of Queensland and in 2021 it was added to UNESCO's Australian Memory of the World Register.
Bowen Hills Special School opened in January 1986 and closed on 11 December 1987.
In the 2010s a number of new residential apartment complexes were constructed in the area, with a range of retail outlets built to cater to Brisbane's growing population.
Bowen Hills has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- O'Connell Terrace: Bowen Park
- 23 Boyd Street: Cintra House
- 29 Cintra Road: Our Lady of Victories Catholic Church
- 35 Jordan Terrace: Miegunyah
- 480 Gregory Terrace: Old Museum Building
- 574 Gregory Terrace: Brisbane Exhibition Ground
In the 2016 census, Bowen Hills recorded a population of 3,226 people, 45.6% women and 54.4% men.
The median age of the Bowen Hills population was 30 years of age, 8 years below the Australian median.
49.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was New Zealand at 3.9%.
59.5% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 4.8% and Spanish 3.2%.
The most common response for religion was No Religion at 38.3%.
There are no schools in Bowen Hills. The nearest government primary schools are Brisbane Central State School in neighbouring Spring Hill to the south-west and Ascot State School in Ascot to the north-east. The nearest government secondary schools are Kelvin Grove State College in Kelvin Grove to the west and Kedron State High School in Kedron to the north.
The Twelfth Night Theatre, with live theatre, is in Bowen Hills. Many well-known actors have appeared in plays at the Twelfth Night Theatre, including Derek Fowlds, John Inman, Jon English and Drew Forsythe.
The Old Museum, in Gregory Terrace, Bowen Hills, was the former location of the Queensland Museum until the museum's move to the Queensland Cultural Centre during the 1980s. The building is now home to the Queensland Youth Orchestras and provides rehearsal and performance space for many other community music and arts groups. A major feature on the Brisbane calendar of events, the Royal Queensland Show (the Ekka), is held each year at the Brisbane Exhibition Grounds at Bowen Hills.
There are a number of parks in the area:
- Bowen Park ( )
- Cowlishaw Street Park ( )
- Jeays Street Park ( )
- Perry Park ( )
By train, Bowen Hills Station is also one of Queensland's busiest railway stations with all Queensland Rail City network services on all lines, including express trains, stopping there; many services in peak periods terminate at Bowen Hills. Bowen Hills is home to a large Queensland Rail maintenance and stabling depot.
By road, The TransApex infrastructure plans for Brisbane has several interconnections in Bowen Hills. The Clem Jones Tunnel (Clem7), Airport Link Tunnel and Inner City Bypass all have an entry/exit point in Bowen Hills and connect with each other at a spaghetti intersection.
Virgin Australia Holdings, including Virgin Australia; and associated airlines Virgin Australia International Airlines (formerly V Australia) and Virgin Samoa (formerly Polynesian Blue); had their head office in Virgin Village in Bowen Hills until September 2020, when it was moved to South Brisbane. In 2008 1,000 employees had worked at Virgin Village, which opened on 17 October 2008. In addition Sunstate Airlines, which operates under the QantasLink banner, has its head office in Bowen Hills.
There are a growing number of retail outlets trading from and primarily catering to residents in the developing urban renewal area.
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- "Miegunyah (entry 600055)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Old Museum Building (entry 600209)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Brisbane Exhibition Grounds (entry 601709)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
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