Bower Ashton

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Bower Ashton
Bower Ashton is located in Bristol
Bower Ashton
Bower Ashton
Bower Ashton shown within Bristol
OS grid reference ST567719
Unitary authority
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS3
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bristol
51°26′30″N 2°37′48″W / 51.44166°N 2.62988°W / 51.44166; -2.62988Coordinates: 51°26′30″N 2°37′48″W / 51.44166°N 2.62988°W / 51.44166; -2.62988
Greville Smyth park

Bower Ashton is a small district in south west Bristol on the western boundary with North Somerset, lying within the Southville ward, approximately two miles from the city centre. Ashton Court estate, a 850-acre (3.4 km2) recreational area owned by Bristol City Council lies just to the north, the Long Ashton by-pass (Brunel Way, the A370) to the south and the River Avon to the east.

The area is now mainly residential but also includes the Faculty of Arts, Creative Industries and Education (formerly the School of Creative Arts) of the University of the West of England, Ashton Park School, which is a specialist Sports College and the Horse and Dog section[1] of Avon and Somerset Constabulary as well as about 180 allotments in 5 different areas. Clifton Bridge and Ashton Gate railway stations are both now closed, but there is some pressure to reopen the latter as part of a rapid transit link from Portishead.[2]

History[edit]

Bower Ashton was historically a hamlet in the parish of Long Ashton in Somerset.[3] In medieval times the area was owned by St Augustine's Abbey, but following the Dissolution the Smyth estate was established by John Smyth, a merchant from Small Street in the city, in the 16th century. In the 19th century Sir John Henry Greville Smyth rebuilt Ashton Court Mansion along with a now demolished Dower house on the present site of the School of Creative Arts. Maps of that era show a rope walk, Frayne's Colliery and Ashton Vale Iron works,[4] scene of many tragic accidents, adjacent to the Portishead railway line.[5] It appears from Bristol City Council documents that an Iron Foundry was in operation in the area until the 1940s.[6]

From ancient times the Rownham Ferry linked Bower Ashton with Hotwells. It medieval times it was owned by the monks of St Augustine's Abbey and brought them considerable income.[7] There was also a ford downstream but due to the great tidal range[8] this was dangerous.[7] The ferry remained in operation until it closed in the 1930s, after the opening of the Ashton Swing Bridge at Ashton Gate.[9] Legend has it that King Charles I crossed the Avon from Hotwells via the ferry on his way to Leigh Court in 1651.[10][11]

In 1914 it was the location of the Bristol International Exhibition.

In 1951 the area was transferred from Long Ashton parish to Bristol.[12]

Attractions[edit]

Bower Ashton is also the location of the playing grounds of Bedminster Cricket Club (founded in 1847, for whom W.G. Grace played) and has a small part of the River Avon Trail[13] (the old Tow Path) running along the River Avon in Greville Smyth Park, which was developed from land given to the city by Sir Greville Smyth.[14] The park walk gives a classic view of the full span of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Clifton Suspension Bridge across the Avon Gorge between Leigh Woods in North Somerset and Clifton in Bristol.

Across the River Avon are the lock gate entrances to Bristol Docks and the 'Floating Harbour' (completed in 1809) in Hotwells and the large Samuel Plimsoll Swing Bridge. Within easy walking distance too are: Ashton Court Estate, (where Bristol’s famous outdoor festivals take place) and Ashton Gate stadium (home of Bristol City FC).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Avon and Somerset Constabulary – Bower Ashton – Horse & Dog Section". www.avonandsomerset.police.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2009. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Portishead Railway Group – campaign to reopen the railway". www.portisheadrailwaygroup.org. Retrieved 15 January 2009. 
  3. ^ Vision of Britain: Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887)[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Victorian Map of Bower Ashton.". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 15 January 2009. 
  5. ^ "Mining Accidents – Raleys – Bristol area". www.cmhrc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ "0109_7-2.pdf (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). www.bristol.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2009. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b "Full text of "The Somerset coast"". www.archive.org. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  8. ^ "Natural Britain, The River Avon, Bristol". www.information-britain.co.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  9. ^ "Rownham Ferry". www.bower-ashton.co.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2009. 
  10. ^ "GENUKI: The National Gazetteer (1868) – Abbots Leigh". www.genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  11. ^ "SK Knowledge Base – The Escape of Charles Stuart After Worcester". www.thesealedknot.org.uk. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  12. ^ Vision of Britain: Long Ashton CP/AP[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "River Avon Trail". www.riveravontrail.org.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2009. 
  14. ^ "Bristol City Council: Parks and open spaces: Greville Smyth Park". www.bristol.gov.uk. Retrieved 15 January 2009. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]