St Peter's parish church, Middle Common
|Kington Langley shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||841 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish covers about 1,571 acres (636 ha). The geology is mostly of the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. It is on a high water table and the soil is composed of sand with a sub-soil of Oxford Clay. The village stands on a hill, rising to 100 metres (330 ft) towards its western end. It is an example of a 'squared' village with approaches from Chippenham, Swindon and Malmesbury. It has three greens; the largest is the Common, which covers 30 acres (12 ha) and is the focal point of the village.
The village is part of the 'Kington' electoral ward. The ward starts in the south west in the parish of Chippenham Without, proceeds north east through the Kington's to end at Christian Malford. The total population of the ward at the 2011 census was 5,014.
Kington Langley was part of the parish of Kington St. Michael until 1865. It was called Kington Langley to distinguish it from another village, Langley Burrell. The original hamlet was known as Langley Fitzurze in medieval times although other spellings such as Langeleghe (11th century), "Langley Fearne" (c.1513), "Langley Fernhill" (1660) have been used.
Parishioners used to have to travel more than 1 mile (1.6 km) from Kington Langley to worship at Kington St. Michael. In the 1670s a chapel of ease was created by converting a cottage at Kington Langley. In 1856 a purpose-built chapel of ease was completed, which was made the Church of England parish church of Saint Peter in 1865. St. Peter's was designed by C.H. Gabriel with lancet windows in an Early English Gothic style. St. Peter's is in the Diocese of Bristol.
The earliest known record of Protestant Dissenters meeting for worship in Kington Langley is dated 1742. They met in private houses until 1834, when the house registered for their meetings was that of James Pinnegar, a builder. Pinnegar built Union Chapel on the Common, completing it in 1835. The name refers to its foundation as a union of Dissenters of the Baptist, Moravian and Independent traditions.
The chapel choir met in the middle of the nineteenth century at a chapel-goer's house on Sundays. The chapel also had a band that used instruments such as flutes and violas.
Union Chapel remains independent, and as of 2015 is active under the title of Union Chapel Christian Fellowship.
Kington Langley has two public houses: the Hit or Miss Inn and the Plough Inn. The parish has a Church of England primary school (which bears the village's old name of Langley Fitzurse), a village hall, playing field, a tennis court and a park.
- Harry Dolman (1897–1977), chairman and president of Bristol City F.C.
- Norris McWhirter (1925–2004), editor of Guinness World Records
- Robin Tanner (1904–1988), artist
- Heather Tanner (1903–1993), writer and campaigner
Wiltshire Village, a 1939 book published by Collins with text by Heather Tanner and illustrations by her husband Robin, is a thinly disguised description of local village life.
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- OS Explorer Map 156, Chippenham and Bradford-on-Avon Scale: 1:25 000; publisher: Ordnance Survey A2 edition (2007). ISBN 978-0319239438
- "Kington ward 2011.Retrieved 12 March 2015".
- "Kington Langley". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 281
- Temple-Fry, Nick (April 2010). "Kington Langley St Peter's". theChurchPhotographer. Nick Temple-Fry. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- "Union Chapel, Kington Langley". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "Union Chapel". Kington Langley Parish Council. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . The Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 281.
Media related to Kington Langley at Wikimedia Commons