A bowl-out (sometimes termed a bowl-off) is used in various forms of limited overs cricket to decide a match that would otherwise end in a tie. The procedure is similar to a penalty shootout in football. Five bowlers from each side deliver one or two balls each at an unguarded wicket (three stumps). If each team has hit the same number of wickets after the first five bowlers per side, the bowling continues and is decided by sudden death.
First match decided by bowl-out
A bowl-out was first used in the NatWest Trophy in June 1991 in a match between Derbyshire and Minor County side Hertfordshire at Bishops Stortford. Derbyshire bowled first and Steve Goldsmith managed one hit from his two deliveries. Ole Mortensen, Alan Warner, Frank Griffiths and Simon Base all missed with both of theirs. Hertfordshire's first bowler, Andy Needham, hit with his first ball but missed with his second. John Carr missed with both of his, but Bill Merry struck middle with his second attempt to win the match.
The International Cricket Council (ICC) introduced the bowl-out should scores be tied in the semifinals and final of the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy or the 2007 Cricket World Cup, although it was not required to be used in either tournament. At the ICC Annual Conference 2008 it was decided that the bowl-out should be replaced by a one-over "eliminator" (also called a "Super Over") in the 2008 ICC Champions Trophy (since postponed) and the 2009 ICC World Twenty20.
Up until the introduction of the "Super Over" in International Twenty20 cricket, if a match ended with the scores level (either because both teams reached the same score after 20 overs, or the second team scored exactly the par score under the Duckworth-Lewis method), the tie was broken with a bowl-out. The first international bowl-out in a Twenty20 match took place on 16 February 2006, when New Zealand beat West Indies 3-0 in Auckland. A bowl-out was also used on 14 September 2007 when India beat Pakistan 3-0 during the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 in Durban, South Africa.
A bowl-out was first used to decide a domestic Twenty20 match when Surrey beat Warwickshire in July 2005.
In some forms of domestic one-day cricket competition, a bowl-out is used to decide the result when the match is tied or rained out: for example, the quarterfinal of the Minor Counties Cricket Association Knockout Trophy in 2004, when Northumberland beat Cambridgeshire 4-2. In the 2009 Twenty20 Cup, Somerset beat Lancashire 5-1 to reach the semi-final stage.
- Mott, Oliver CCT20 Rules 2009 Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine., 7 May 2009, ECB. Retrieved on 31 July 2009.
- Kiwis defeat Windies in bowl out (BBC News, 16 February 2005)
- Black Caps win first-ever bowl-off (Independent Online, 16 February 2005)
- India defeat Pakistan in bowl-out (BBC News, 14 September 2007)
- Surrey beat Bears after bowl-out (BBC News, 18 July 2005)
- Holders feel blue after bowl-out (The Telegraph, 9 July 2004)
- Somerset beat Lancs in bowl-out, 30 July 2009, BBC Sport. Retrieved on 31 July 2009.