Box Elder, South Dakota

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Box Elder

čhaŋšúška
Box Elder, South Dakota
City Hall.
City Hall.
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to the Black Hills
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Pennington County and the state of South Dakota
Box Elder is located in the United States
Box Elder
Box Elder
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°6′55″N 103°4′55″W / 44.11528°N 103.08194°W / 44.11528; -103.08194Coordinates: 44°6′55″N 103°4′55″W / 44.11528°N 103.08194°W / 44.11528; -103.08194
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountiesPennington.
Founded1907[1]
Incorporated1965[2]
Area
 • Total13.91 sq mi (36.03 km2)
 • Land13.90 sq mi (36.00 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
3,031 ft (924 m)
Population
 • Total7,800
 • Estimate 
(2017)[5]
9,498
 • Density561.2/sq mi (216.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
57719
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-06620
GNIS feature ID1254028[6]
WebsiteCity of Box Elder

Box Elder (Lakota: čhaŋšúška;[7] "box elder maple") is a city in Pennington and Meade counties in the State of South Dakota. The population was 7,800 at the 2010 census, making it the 13th most populous city in South Dakota. Ellsworth Air Force Base lies on the northeast side of the city.

Box Elder was named from nearby Boxelder Creek.[8]

Geography[edit]

Box Elder is located at 44°6′55″N 103°4′55″W / 44.11528°N 103.08194°W / 44.11528; -103.08194 (44.115349, -103.081997).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.91 square miles (36.03 km2), of which 13.90 square miles (36.00 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[3]

Box Elder has been assigned the ZIP code 57719 and the FIPS place code 06620. It is located within minutes of Ellsworth AFB, and surrounds it on three sides.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Rapid City, South Dakota (Rapid City Regional Airport), 1981−2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
75
(24)
83
(28)
93
(34)
98
(37)
109
(43)
111
(44)
107
(42)
104
(40)
94
(34)
83
(28)
75
(24)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
40
(4)
48
(9)
58
(14)
68
(20)
78
(26)
87
(31)
86
(30)
76
(24)
61
(16)
47
(8)
37
(3)
60
(16)
Average low °F (°C) 13
(−11)
15
(−9)
23
(−5)
32
(0)
42
(6)
51
(11)
58
(14)
57
(14)
46
(8)
34
(1)
22
(−6)
13
(−11)
34
(1)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−31
(−35)
−21
(−29)
1
(−17)
18
(−8)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
38
(3)
18
(−8)
−2
(−19)
−19
(−28)
−30
(−34)
−31
(−35)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.30
(7.6)
0.46
(12)
0.93
(24)
1.80
(46)
3.22
(82)
2.53
(64)
1.85
(47)
1.56
(40)
1.29
(33)
1.42
(36)
0.53
(13)
0.42
(11)
16.31
(415.6)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970607
19803,186424.9%
19902,680−15.9%
20002,8416.0%
20107,800174.6%
Est. 20179,498[11]21.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2017 Estimate[5]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 7,800 people, 2,443 households, and 1,968 families residing in the city. The population density was 561.2 inhabitants per square mile (216.7/km2). There were 2,828 housing units at an average density of 203.5 per square mile (78.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.5% White, 5.1% African American, 4.4% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, and 6.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.9% of the population.

There were 2,443 households of which 55.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.4% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.26.

The median age in the city was 23.5 years. 33.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 20.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.3% were from 25 to 44; 13% were from 45 to 64; and 2.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9% male and 48.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,841 people, 993 households, and 750 families residing in the city. The population density was 489.6 inhabitants per square mile (189.1/km²). There were 1,072 housing units at an average density of 184.8 per square mile (71.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.42% White, 2.29% African American, 5.60% Native American, 2.08% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.70% from other races, and 5.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.56% of the population.

There were 993 households out of which 48.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 19.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $32,344, and the median income for a family was $35,020. Males had a median income of $24,596 versus $17,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,692. About 13.0% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Box Elder, SD". City of Box Elder. Retrieved February 11, 2010.
  2. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 10, 2010. Retrieved February 11, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  5. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
  8. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 46.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Climate Statistics for Box Elder, SD". Retrieved September 30, 2013.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.