Boxley Abbey in Boxley, Kent, England was a Cistercian monastery founded c.1146 by William of Ypres, leader of King Stephen's Flemish mercenaries, and colonised by monks from Clairvaux Abbey in France. Some of its ruins survive, some four miles north-east of Maidstone.
In 1171, the then abbot was one of those responsible for the burial of the murdered archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket. In 1193 the abbots of Boxley and Robertsbridge journeyed to the continent to search for King Richard I, finally locating him in Bavaria. During 1512-13, the abbot appealed to the crown to arrest four of the monks, accusing them of rebelliousness.
The abbey was famous, and later infamous, for a relic known as the Rood of Grace, a wooden cross, the figure upon which was supposed to miraculously move and speak. In 1538 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the person employed with the closure of the institution examined the famed relic and discovered it to be a fake, observing the levers and wires that enacted the so-called miracles. The rood was taken down and displayed in Maidstone market so as to demonstrate the fraud. Finally, it was sent to London and with the accompaniment of a sermon from the Bishop of Rochester it was hacked to pieces and burnt. However, there is no evidence that any miracles were ever associated with the moving image and the presence of wires and levers in themselves does not constitute fraud.
The Dissolution and beyond
The abbey appears to have been "surrendered" to the king, or dissolved, on January 29, 1537 (in the 28th year of the reign on Henry.) The site of the abbey and many of its manorial estates were granted to Sir Thomas Wyatt in 1540. After the dissolution some of the complex was transformed into a house with the remainder virtually demolished. Parts survive within the present mainly 19th-century house, and there are some fragmentary remains of the church still standing. Boxley Abbey Barn, a large 13th-century stone building which served as the abbey's Hospitium remains. It is a Grade I listed building. The precinct of the abbey is a scheduled monument. The site is private. The parish church of St Mary and All Saints was associated with the abbey.
- The Antiquary, Volume 8 (1883), pp. 48–52 and Volume 25 (1892), p. 183.
- Historic England. "Barn at Boxley Abbey (1086229)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- Historic England. "Cistercian Abbey at Boxley (1012264)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- The Antiquary, Volume 8 (1883), p. 49.
- Houses of Cistercian monks: The abbey of Boxley, A History of the County of Kent: Volume 2 (1926), pp. 153–55.
- Anthony New. A Guide to the Abbeys of England And Wales, p75-76. Constable.