Boy Capel

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Captain

Arthur Edwardo Capel
Arthur Edward Capel.png
Arthur "Boy" Capel
Born(1881-12-20)20 December 1881
Brighton, Sussex, United Kingdom
Died22 December 1919(1919-12-22) (aged 38)
Puget-sur-Argens, Var, Southern France
Resting placeMontmartre Cemetery
NationalityAnglo-French
CitizenshipBritish
EducationBeaumont College
OccupationShipping merchant
Known forPolo, design with Coco Chanel
Children2
RelativesGeorgina Ward granddaughter
AwardsCBE

Captain Arthur Edward "Boy" Capel CBE (December 1881 – 22 December 1919) was an English polo player, possibly best-remembered for being a lover and muse of fashion designer Coco Chanel.[1]

Biography[edit]

Caricature of Capel dancing with Chanel

Born in Brighton, Sussex, Capel was the son of Arthur Joseph Capel, a British shipping merchant, and his French-born wife, the former Berthe Andrée A. E. Lorin (1856–1902). He had three sisters: Marie Henriette Teresia Capel, Mary Josephine Lawrence Edith Capel and Berthe Isabelle Susanna Flora Capel who married Sir Herman Alfred de Stern, Baron Michelham, the son of Herbert Stern, 1st Baron Michelham.

In the obituary of one of Capel's daughters, he was described as "an intellectual, politician, tycoon, polo-player and the dashing lover and sponsor of the fashion designer Coco Chanel".[2] There are hints in biographies of Chanel about Capel's reputed (illegitimate) connections with the Capel Earls of Essex, but no connection has been established.

Capel's father and grandfather were born in Kent. His paternal grandfather served in the navy, marrying and starting a family in Co. Waterford, Ireland, during his service. His grandfather joined the coastguard service, following his navy service, and was posted to the coastguard station at the Sizewell Gap in Suffolk.[3][4]

An alumnus of Beaumont College, he was a shipping merchant and already an apparently wealthy self-made man by 1909.[5][citation needed] Capel was killed in an automobile accident on Monday 22 December 1919, allegedly en route to a Christmas rendezvous with Chanel. He was buried with full military honours at Fréjus Cathedral on 24 December 1919.[3] A roadside memorial was placed at the site of the accident, consisting of a cross bearing the inscription: "A la mémoire du capitaine Arthur Capel, légion d'Honneur de l'armée britannique, mort accidentellement en cet endroit le 22 décembre 1919."[6]

Capel and Chanel[edit]

His affair with Chanel apparently began in 1909, when he became acquainted with the then 26-year-old mistress of his friend Étienne Balsan.[7] Capel financed Chanel's first shops and his own clothing style, notably his blazers, inspired her creation of the Chanel look. The couple spent time together at fashionable resorts such as Deauville, but he was never faithful to Chanel.[8] Their relationship lasted nine years, and even after Capel married he continued his affair with Chanel until his death in late 1919.[9]

Marriage and children[edit]

In 1918, Capel married the Honourable Diana Wyndham, née Lister (born 7 May 1893—died 1983), a daughter of Lord Ribblesdale and widow of Captain Percy Lyulph Wyndham (killed in action, 1914), who was the half-brother of Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster. Diana's elder sister Laura was married to Lord Lovat, and another sister to Sir Mathew Wilson, 4th Baronet: after Capel's death, in 1923 Diana married Vere Fane, 14th Earl of Westmorland.[10]

Capel had two daughters:

  • Ann Diana France Ayesha Capel (28 April 1919 – 4 May 2008). Ann was married three times and had children with her first two husbands. In 1940 she married firstly George Ward (1907–1988), who in 1960 was raised to the peerage as Viscount Ward of Witley.[11] They had two children: a son who died unmarried at age 40, and a daughter, actress Georgina Ward (1941-2010), otherwise the Honourable Mrs Patrick Tritton. They divorced in 1951 and the same year on 7 August 1951 Ann married Richard Thurstan Holland-Martin (1907 — 1968) by whom she had two sons: Barnaby Robert (born 1952) and Giles Thurstan (born 1955 — died 4 May 2008). They divorced in 1966.[12] Ann Capel's third husband was Peter Higgins.[13]
  • June Capel (1920 — 2006), later Lady Hutchinson of Lullington. June was born after her father had died, apparently without his being aware of her conception. Hence there was no provision for her in his will which had to be contested to ensure that June got a share of her father's fortune (most of it subsequently stolen by a lawyer, according to Lady Hutchinson's obituary).[14] In 1948 June Capel married Franz Osborn, by whom she had a son, Christopher. Her second marriage took place in May 1966 to Jeremy Hutchinson, QC (born 28 March 1915). Hutchinson was the former husband of actress Peggy Ashcroft and was created a life peer on 16 May 1978 with the title Baron Hutchinson of Lullington, of Lullington in the County of East Sussex.[14]

Unrealized political legacy[edit]

Two years before his accidental death, Capel had met in Paris a brilliant young Pole, Jozef Retinger, whom he inspired with his talk of federalism and the idea of world government based on an Anglo-French alliance. His ideas were strongly supported by Sir Harry Wilson, whose ADC he had been, and Capel aroused the interest of such statesmen, as Aristide Briand, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson. He had also promoted his ideas in Vatican diplomatic circles. Retinger helped Capel with his proposed book, The World on the Anvil. The seed had been planted in Retinger's mind and, though transformed, it arguably influenced the creation of the League of Nations and came to fruition decades later in the European Union.[15]

Fictional portrayals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry (18th and 19th editions) and The Complete Peerage give his correct forenames.
  2. ^ Lady Hutchinson, obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 4 October 2006. According to that obituary, Capel was a Roman Catholic and his wife had to convert to Catholicism to marry him, and her two daughters by him were raised as Catholics. [1]
  3. ^ a b The Times, 24 December 1919, p. 10: "Lord Rosslyn, telegraphing last night from St. Raphael, stated that Captain Arthur Capel, who was killed in an automobile accident on Monday, is being buried today at 2.30 p.m. at Frejus with full military honours.".
  4. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1982). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. X. Gloucester: A. Sutton. p. 773 note (c). ISBN 978-0-904387-82-7.
  5. ^ "The Beaumont Union". beaumont-union.co.uk.
  6. ^ "Coco Chanel". tombes-sepultures.com.
  7. ^ "At this time in 1909, at the age of 26, she became friendly with an Englishman Arthur Capel, nicknamed "Boy", who was one of Etienne [Balsan]'s friends...""Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "That year was to prove a difficult one for Gabrielle as Arthur Capel decided that the time had come for him to marry into the English aristocracy. Arthur Capel was a very successful businessman and a keen polo player. Gabrielle hoped to settle down with him, but he was often away on business and was usually seen in the company of other women..." Archived from the original on 21 March 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Even though he was married Capel still sought out Gabrielle when he was in Paris. But all this was to come to an abrupt end... Capel was driving to Cannes for Christmas when he was involved in a fatal accident."
  10. ^ The Times, Thursday, 13 May 1948; p. 7; issue# 51070
  11. ^ The Times, Saturday, 1 June 1940; p. 9; issue#48631
  12. ^ Genealogy of Robert Martin (1908—1897) Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine Thurstan Holland-Martin, fifth son of Robert Martin Holland, later Holland-Martin (R License, 14 August 1917), was the elder brother of Christopher Holland-Martin MP, and younger brother of Admiral Sir Deric Holland-Martin
  13. ^ When her youngest son's death was reported, she was described as the "late Mrs Peter Higgins".
  14. ^ a b Lady Hutchinson, obituary, Daily Telegraph, 4 October 2006
  15. ^ M.B. Biskupski, "Spy, Patriot or Internationalist? The Early Career of Józef Retinger, Polish Patriarch of European Union," The Polish Review, vol. 43, no. 1, 1998, pp. 23-67.

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