Boy Scouts of the Philippines

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This article is about the youth movement. For the military unit, see Philippine Scouts.
Boy Scouts of the Philippines
Boy Scouts of the Philippines.png
Country Philippines
Founded October 31, 1936
Founders
Membership 1,983,563
Chief Scout Rodrigo Roa Duterte
National President Wendel E. Avisado
Acting Secretary General Rogelio S. Villa
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement, Asia-Pacific Scout Region
Website
http://scouts.org.ph/
 Scouting portal

The Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP) is the National Scout Organization of the Philippines. Its mission is to imbue in the youth the love of God, country, and fellowmen; to train young people to become responsible leaders; and to contribute to nation-building.

The BSP's charter is Commonwealth Act No. 111, signed October 31, 1936. The BSP's predecessor was the Philippine Islands Council of the Boy Scouts of America, formed in 1923 through the initiative of American, Chinese, and Filipino businessmen and interest groups.

Scouting in the Philippines became official in 1923 with the establishment of the Philippine Islands Council of the Boy Scouts of America. The Philippines became an independent Scouting nation in 1938, with the handover of assets and duties of the BSA Philippine Council to the Boy Scouts of the Philippines. In 1940, the Girl Scouts of the Philippines was chartered by an act of the National Assembly. In 1959, the 10th World Scout Jamboree was held on Mount Makiling, Los Baños, Laguna, the first World Scout Jamboree in Asia.

Currently, the BSP's National President is Wendel Eliot Avisado and the Acting Secretary General is Rogelio Seraspe Villa.

History[edit]

Boy Scouting in the Philippines began under American governance. Troops were organised by American servicemen, missionaries, and social and business leaders.

Lorillard Spencer Troop[edit]

In 1914 the Lorillard Spencer Troop was formed by United States Army lieutenant Sherman Kiser then serving in Zamboanga with the pacification forces. Kiser had been assigned to escort American widow and Christian missionary Caroline Suydam Spencer in Sulu. Mrs. Spencer's husband Lorillard Spencer and son Lorillard Suydam Spencer had been members of the BSA National Council. On Mrs. Spencer's suggestion, Kiser organised the troop, which was named after Mrs. Spencer's son, as later was the Lorillard Spencer Trophy. Mrs. Spencer contributed funds for the Moro boys' uniforms and the construction of a Scout headquarters.[1]

Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America[edit]

In 1922, the Rotary Club of Manila took the initiative of communicating with the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) in New York, proposing the formation of a BSA council in Manila.[2] BSA National Headquarters (New York) responded by appointing an American clergyman who would be traveling to the Philippines, Samuel Stagg, as BSA "Special Field Scout Commissioner" to look into organization of the proposed Council. On 5 October 1923, the Manila Council of the BSA was formed. The new Council was initially funded through the help of various civic organizations. The Founding and Charter Members were:

P. D. Carman, E. P. Brias, Manuel Camus, Samuel Stagg, C. E. Adams, William H. Douglas, J. P. Wade, E. S. Turner, George H. Seaver, C. Russell Zeininger, Clifton M. Beaty, H. A. Bordner, J. Hill, F. E. Hedrick, Albert J. Brazee, Honorio Poblador, Lim Sae Gim, Fr. F. A. X. Byrne, Jose E. Valdez, Arsenio N. Luz.

— Scouting for Filipino Boys, page 9

All of these men were prominent in the commercial, political, social, and cultural scene in Manila. Most were members of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippine Islands, the Rotary Club of Manila, the Masons, the YMCA, the Elks, the Army and Navy Club,[3] and other organizations at the same time. In November 1923, the Rotary Club advised BSA Headquarters that the Council Board had been organized. On 27 December 1923, BSA Deputy Scout Executive Dr. George J. Fisher cabled the BSA's endorsement, chartering the Council as a first class council and giving it jurisdiction over the entire Philippine Islands, instead of just Manila as originally applied for, officially creating the Philippine Islands Council, BSA.

Boy Scouts of the Philippines[edit]

The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was legally established through the National Assembly Bill authored by Tomás V. Confesór that was signed into law as Commonwealth Act 111 by President Manuel L. Quezon on 31 October 1936. The BSP Charter Members were Maj. (later Col.) Joseph Stevenot, Judge Manuel R. Camus, Gen. Vicente P. Lim, Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, Jorge B. Vargas, Arsenio N. Luz, and Gabriel A. Daza. (October is Scouting Month in the Philippines commemorating the legal establishment of the BSP.) The BSP was inaugurated and launched on 1 January 1938 by Pres. Manuel Quezon.

Timeline[edit]

Milestones in Philippine Scouting include:

  • 1910: First troops organised by Elwood Stanley Brown, Physical Director of the Manila YMCA.[4]
  • 1912: Elwood Stanley Brown recognised by Baden-Powell as "Chief Scoutmaster."
  • 1913: Troops organised by Mark Thompson, Antonio Torres, Domingo Ponce, and Francisco Varona.
  • 1914: Lorillard Spencer Troop organised in November in Zamboanga by Sherman L. Kiser.
  • 1921: Scouting started at Silliman Institute under the auspices of its church. They applied for registration to BSA National Headquarters, New York, in 1922, and received their document in January 1923 (some eight or nine months before the creation of the BSA Philippine Islands Council).
  • 1923: Establishment of BSA Philippine Islands Council in October.
  • 1931: Experimentation in Sea Scouting and Cub Scouting.
  • 1933: The Philippines' first participation in an international Scouting event. The Philippine Council sent delegates to the 4th World Scout Jamboree in Budapest, Hungary, as part of the American contingent.
  • 1934: Rover Scouting was introduced. The BSA Shanghai District was placed under the supervision of the BSA Philippine Council.
  • 1936: The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was established.
  • 1937: The BSA Philippine Council, meeting in October, decided on the handover of duties to the nascent BSP.
  • 1938: The BSP was inaugurated by Pres. Manuel Quezon on January 1, and started functioning. Exequiél Villacorta was appointed first BSP Chief Scout Executive.
  • 1945: Manuel Camus, charter member of both the BSA Philippine Council and the BSP, assumed duties as BSP National President.
  • 1947: The Philippines' first participation as an independent Scouting country in a world jamboree, at the 6th World Scout Jamboree in Moisson, France, within a year of WOSM admittance.
  • 1953: The first Wood Badge course was conducted at Camp Gre-Zar in Novaliches, Quezon City.
  • 1954: The first Philippine National Scout Jamboree held at Rolling Hills, Balara, Quezon City.
  • Dr. M. V. de los Santos served on the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1957 until 1959.
  • 1959: The 10th World Scout Jamboree held on Mount Makiling, Los Baños, Laguna. This was the first world Scout jamboree in Asia.
  • 1960: The Filipinization of the BSP's programs began. The Cub Scout program was revised to suit Philippine needs, followed by a similar revision for Boy Scouting in 1961.
  • 1963: The 24-member delegation of the BSP to the 11th World Scout Jamboree in Marathon, Greece, perished in a plane crash in the sea off the coast of Mumbai, India. Streets in the South Triangle District of Quezon City were named in memory of the victims.
  • 1967: Boy Scouts, Rovers, and Scouters joined in the search-and-rescue operations for victims of the Ruby Tower collapse in August. For the services rendered by the Scouts, the BSP organization was awarded by President Ferdinand Marcos with a Presidential Gold Medal the following year.
  • 1970: Senior Scouting officially launched as part of the BSP program.
  • 1971: Ambassador Antonio Concepcion Delgado was elected Chairman of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, becoming the first Filipino to hold this position.
  • 1972: BSP membership hit the one-million mark.
  • 1973: Golden Jubilee of Philippine Scouting (1923–73). The Golden Jubilee Jamboree and first Asia-Pacific Regional Jamboree was held on Mt. Makiling, Laguna.
  • 1974–75: The Cub Scout program (Grades 1–3) is officially rebranded the KAB (Kabataan Alay sa Bayan) Scout Program, as part of the revamp of the organization.
  • 1975–86: The Scout organization used the name "Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas" (literally meaning Scout Brotherhood of the Philippines) during the Marcos administration. (This name was abandoned in 1986 and the organization reverted to its original name "Boy Scouts of the Philippines.") The Scout age groups were reduced from four to two. The Scout Oath and Scout Law were revised. A new Scout badge was devised. President Ferdinand Marcos took the title of Chief Scout, the first head of state of the Philippines to take the title.[citation needed] From 1946 to 1975, the President was appointed as Honorary President of the BSP.
  • 1979: The 6th National Jamboree was held at three locations (Isabela, Cebu, Davao).
  • 1983: The 7th National Jamboree at four venues (Baguio, Goa Camarines Sur, Iloilo, Zamboanga).
  • 1986: Golden Jubilee of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines (1936–86). In the aftermath of the People Power Revolution the pre-1976 system and the BSP name were reinstated but the "KAB Scout" name stayed on. Corazon Aquino became the organization's first female Chief Scout.
  • 1990–91: KID (Kabataang Iminumulat Diwa or Children Introduced to Virtues) Scouting instituted for pre-school boys.
  • 1992: The old BSP badge was reinstated.
  • 1993: The Philippines hosted the first ASEAN Scout Jamboree.
  • 1987: The 8th National Jamboree was held in Baguio City from February 21–27.
  • 1997: The 2nd World Scout Parliamentary Union held in Manila.
  • 1998: The 10th National Jamboree held in Clark Field, Angeles, Pampanga.
  • 1999: The first Venture Scout Jamboree held on Ilian Hills, Iriga City, Camarines Sur, Bicol.
  • 2001: The 12th National Scout Jamboree held in Leyte. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became the second female Chief Scout of the BSP.
  • 2007: The 14th National Jamboree was held.
  • 2007: The BSP observed the world centennial of the Scout Movement.
  • 2009: The 4th National Scout Venture Camp held at Mambajao, Camiguin.
  • 2009–10: The BSP hosted the 26th Asia-Pacific Regional Jamboree, December 28, 2009 – January 3, 2010. This was the third APR Jamboree in the Philippines.
  • 2011: The 15th National Scout Jamboree was held.
  • 2011: The BSP celebrated 75 years of Philippine Scouting.
  • 2012: The 5th National Scout Venture Camp held at Camp Malagos, Davao City.
  • 2013: The National Scout Jamboree held on Mount Makiling, Los Baños, Laguna.
  • 2013: The National Peace Jamboree held on Mount Makiling in Laguna, in Capitol Hills Scout Camp in Cebu, and the BSP's Camp Malagos in Davao.
  • 2014: The 6th National Scout Venture Camp held at Lingayen, Pangasinan.
  • 2014: The Lorillard Spencer Troop Centennial (1914–2014). A Centennial Jamboree held at three venues: Marikina City (Luzon), Cebu City (Visayas), and Zamboanga City (Mindanao).
  • 2015: The 16th National Scout Jamboree held at Energy Park, Tagum City, Davao del Norte, October 24–30, 2015. Around 21,000 Scouts joined the Jamboree. Davao City Council sent the largest contingent.

Noted personalities[edit]

Name Notability Reference
Valeriano Ibañez Abello, Antero Junia, and Vicente Tistón During the US Navy's assault on Leyte on 18 October 1944, the three former Boy Scouts took action due to the extreme danger to the civilian populations posed by the naval bombardment. Acting as sender, receiver, and paddler respectively, Abello, Junia, and Tistón established communication with ship 467 using signalling (learned in youth as Scouts of Troop 11), identified themselves "Boy Scouts of America," pushed out by bangkâ (outrigger canoe), got capsised by Japanese fire, swam to the ship, and were taken aboard. They provided information pinpointing Japanese installations and diverting shelling away from populated areas of Tolosa, Leyte.[5] For their heroism, Abello was conferred the Philippine Legion of Honor by Pres. Ramón Magsaysáy in 1956,[6] a statue of Abello was erected in Telegrafó, and Signal Day would be observed annually on 18 October. [7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Oscar M. Alcaráz Senior Scout, Post 14, Quezon City Council, BSP. On August 30, 1970, he rescued his Scoutmaster who accidentally stepped on the edge of the embankment and fell into the deep water inside the premises of La Mesa Dam, but got drowned himself. Posthumously awarded by BSP with Gold Medal of Honor and by President Ferdinand Marcos with Presidential Medal of Merit. Name source of Oscar Alcaraz Street, La Loma, Quezon City, and a local Scout group in La Loma. [14][15]
Hans Arber Immigrant from Switzerland, 1937. Founded Troop 80, Manila Council, Feb 1949. Executive Board Member, Manila Council, BSP. [16][17]
Irving Berlin American composer and patron of Scouting. Like his famous composition God Bless America whose royalties go to the Boy Scouts of America and the Girl Scouts of the USA, Berlin stipulated that profits from his song Heaven Watch the Philippines were to go to the Boy Scouts of the Philippines and the Girl Scouts of the Philippines.
Vitaliano Bernardino Chief Scout, BSP, 1968-74. PhD, University of the Philippines. Undersecretary of Education. President, Gregorio Araneta University Foundation. [18]
B.H. Unknown Scout who performed an impressive act of honesty.[19] [20]
Jejomár Cabauatan Binay Politician. Former Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines. Former Mayor, Makati City. Currently National President of the BSP. Former Chairman, Asia-Pacific Region, World Organization of the Scout Movement. Member, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines.[21] Established Balik Scouting Program (BSP) in attempt to interest APO Philippines members in Scouting.
Elwood Stanley Brown Physical Education Director, YMCA, Manila. Founded basketball, volleyball,[22] and Boy Scouting in the Philippines in 1910. First Scoutmaster of the Philippines. Wrote letter[23] to Theodore Roosevelt praising Manila Boy Scouts (the same letter mentioned by Roosevelt in the BSA Handbook for Boys, 1st edition, 1911). Mentioned and recognised as "The Chief Scoutmaster" of the Philippines by Lord Baden-Powell in BP's report in The Scout (the British Scout newsletter), Issue No. 224, July 27, 1912, about BP's trip to Manila during his world tour. [24]
Sahjid S. Bulig Boy Scout, Troop 564, Bambang Elementary School (Bocaue), Bulacan Council. Aged 13, drowned after saving at least four children during the overloading, collapse and sinking of the Bocaue river pagoda, July 2, 1993. Conferred Medal of Honor, October 31, 1993. [25][26]
Manuél Roxas Camus Lawyer. Translator-interpreter, US Army Provost Marshal. Judge. Senator. Scoutmaster, YMCA. Commissioner, Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Charter Member, BSP; Chief Scout, 1945-49. Recipient, Silver Beaver and Silver Buffalo, Boy Scouts of America. [10][11][12][27]
Tomás Valenzuela Confesór (1891-1951) School teacher. Government official. Wartime guerrilla leader. Forgotten founder of the BSP: as Representative of the 3rd District of Iloilo, sponsored legislative bill signed into law as Commonwealth Act 111, creating the Boy Scouts of the Philippines organization. Conferred Philippine Legion of Honor. [10][11][28]
Rodrigo B. Corpuz Scoutmaster & lifesaving instructor, BSP. Assistant Scoutmaster, Boy Scouts of America. Figured in incident where he was threatened at gunpoint while applying first aid on a motor accident victim, April 20, 1984. [29]
Gabriél A. Daza Charter Member, BSP; Chief Scout, 1961-68. Recipient, Bronze Wolf, 1965. Recipient, Mount Makiling Award, 1977. Recipient, Tanglaw ng Kabataan Award, 1986. [10][11][12][30]
Antonio Concepción Delgado Boy Scout, Boy Scouts of America contingent, 4th World Scout Jamboree, Hungary, 1933. Industrialist. Ambassador to the Vatican. Vice Chairman, Organizing Committee, 10th World Scout Jamboree. First Asian Chairman of the World Scout Committee, 1971-73. Recipient, Silver Buffalo (1970), Bronze Wolf (1971), Silver Tamaraw (BSP), and Mount Makiling Award (1977). National President, Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas, 1974-75. His son José Antonio Chuidian Delgado died in the plane crash with the Philippine contingent to the 11th World Scout Jamboree, 1963. Another son, José Eduardo Chuidian Delgado, was a Member of the National Executive Board of the BSP and Chairman of the Program Sub-Committee of the World Scout Bureau Asia-Pacific Region (2009-12). [12]
Aris Canoy Espinosa Boy Scout, Troop 60, Rupagan Elementary School, Lanao del Norte Council, aged 13. In a lifesaving act with no recourse but self sacrifice, he dropped down on a live grenade to shield playing children from its explosion, January 30, 1994. [31][32]
Jorge Fajardo Scout, Holy Ghost Church (Santa Cruz, Manila), Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Joined US Army; survived Battle of Corregidor and Capas POW camp. Engaged in espionage. KIA in Battle of Manila. [8][33]
J. Roilo S. Golez Alumnus, US Naval Academy, Annapolis. Captain, Philippine Navy. National President, BSP, 1985-86. Served at various government posts.
Ralph G. Hawkins Charter Member, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines. Member, Organizing Committee, 10th World Scout Jamboree. National Director, BSP, 1960-61. [12][34]
Cesar C. Javiér Boy Scout,[35] Troop 61, Holy Ghost Church, Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Scoutmaster, served for several decades at Holy Ghost Church, Manila Council, BSP. Alive as of April 1, 2016, aged 92 — the last known living member of the BSA Philippine Islands Council. [12]
Oscar Joson Killed while directing road traffic in the midst of Japanese air assault on the USAFFE at Bataán. [8][36]
Sherman L. Kiser US Army Philippine Scouts officer. Founded defunct Lorillard Spencer Boy Scout troop, Zamboanga. [37]
Bonifacio Vitan Lazcano Physician. Official, BSP. Charter Member, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines. Contingent Scoutmaster of the ill-fated Philippine delegation killed in a plane crash on the way to the 11th World Scout Jamboree, 1963. [34][38][39]
Vicente Podico Lim Alumnus, US Military Academy, West Point (1914). Officer of the US Army, the Philippine Army, and the USAFFE. Charter Member, BSP. Supported the establishment of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines, of which his wife Pilár Hidalgo Lim was co-founder. Commanded 41st Division, Philippine Army at Battle of Bataan. Survived Bataan Death March. Executed 1944 by the Japanese. [10][11][12][40]
Arsenio Nicasio Luz y Katigbák (1887-1956) Journalist, entrepreneur, educator, community leader, government official. Member, Rotary Club. Director, Manila Carnival. Charter Member and Vice President, Manila Council (later Philippine Islands Council), Boy Scouts of America (1923). Charter Member, BSP; Chief Scout, 1942-44. [10][11][12][41]
Ferdinand Emmanuél Edralín Marcos Politician. President of the Republic of the Philippines, 1965-86. Imposed martial law 1972-81. Received Philippine Legion of Honor during his administration. Awarded BSP with the Presidential Gold Medal in 1968 for efforts by Scouts and Rovers in the rescue victims of the Ruby Tower collapse in Manila. Issued Presidential Decree 460 restructuring the BSP: Marcos became the Chief Scout, becoming the first President to do so, the organization's name was changed to Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas, the organization was made to support Marcos's Bagong Lipunan regime, and its Oath and Law, programs, uniforms and ranks[42] were all changed. (The new name and most changes were discarded in 1986.) Marcos received the Mount Makiling Award (1973) and Tanglaw ng Kabataan Award (1977) from the Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas.
Scouter McCormick and Scout Cesar Gepigon Shot and killed by invading Japanese while manning a first aid station, Jolo Central School, Sulu, December 25, 1941. Honored in the name of McCormick-Gepigon Sulu Council, BSP. [15]
Exequiél Villanueva Montilla Boy Scout, Troop 3, YMCA, Manila. Killed while helping a mother and her children to safety during Japanese bombing of US Asiatic Fleet HQ, Cavite, December 8, 1941. [8][43][44]
Godofredo Palencia Neric (d 1991) Boy Scout (1930), Lone Scout (1930-35), and Eagle Scout (1935), Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Soldier, Philippine Scouts, US Army; survived Battle of Bataan, Bataan Death March, and POW camp. Wartime guerrilla. Graduate, Far Eastern University. Professional, Manila Council, BSP. Charter Member and the first National Secretary, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines, 1950. National Director (1961-62) and National Executive (1962-1974), BSP. Edged out in a power struggle in the national leadership, he migrated to the USA and became a store employee at the National Capital Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America. [34][45][46]
Agustín Olmedo Scoutmaster, Troops 171 and 172, Far Eastern University Scouting Unit, Manila Council, BSP. With his Scouts[47] while homeward bound from a camping trip, encountered a road accident, applied first aid to multiple victims, and helped with their evacuation. Executive, Santa Clara County Council (San Jose, California), Boy Scouts of America.[48] [11][49]
Blas Ople BSP Press Relations Office Editorial Assistant, 1947-1950.
Leonardo R. Osorio, Jr. Eagle Scout, PI Council, BSA. Delegation head, World Scouters Indaba, England, 1952. Charter Member, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines. [34]
Guillermo R. Padolina Chief Executive (1954-56) and National Director (1956), BSP. Appointed by Boy Scouts International Bureau Director, Gen. Daniel Charles Spry, as Traveling Commissioner for the Far East, he set up the first Far East office of the Bureau at the BSP National Headquarters in Manila, May 1956; facilitated establishment of the Far East Region with 10 member countries, July 26. Charter Member and the first 3rd Vice President, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines. [11][12][34]
William Howard Quasha Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts of America. Mechanical engineer. Lawyer. Lt Col, US Army. Founder, William H. Quasha & Associates. Executive Board Member, Manila Council, BSP. National Executive Board Member, BSP, 1955-74. Recipient, Philippine Legion of Honor. Recipient, Silver Buffalo, BSA. Recipient, Silver Tamaraw, BSP. Grand Master, Grand Lodge, F&AM, Philippines. Chairman, St. Luke's Medical Center. [50][51]
Manuél Luís Quezon y Molina President, Commonwealth of the Philippines. Honorary Vice President, Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Signed Commonwealth Act 111, creating the Boy Scouts of the Philippines organization, inaugurated January 1, 1938. [10][11][52]
Fidél Valdéz Ramos Alumnus, US Military Academy, West Point (1950). Founder, Special Forces, AFP. Chief of Staff, AFP. Recipient, Philippine Legion of Honor. President, Republic of the Philippines. Chief Scout, BSP. Honorary GCMG (1995). Member, Alpha Phi Omega Philippines. Recipient, Bronze Wolf, 1993. [21]
Hermenegildo B. Reyes Member, Organizing Committee, 10th World Scout Jamboree. Member, World Scout Committee. Recipient, Bronze Wolf, 1967.
Carlos Peña Romulo (1899-1985) Charter Member, BSP. Vice President, Rotary International. Recipient, Pulitzer Prize. Aide-de-Camp to Gen. MacArthur. Recipient, Purple Heart. Brigadier General, US Army. Signatory, United Nations Charter. President, UN General Assembly. Recipient, Silver Buffalo, Boy Scouts of America. Honorary Member of Alpha Phi Omega, inducted in Washington DC. President, University of the Philippines. Secretary of Education. Recipient, Mount Makiling Award. Major General, Philippine Army. Recipient, Philippine Legion of Honor. [10][11][12][53][54]
José Plaridél A. Silvestre Vice President, BSP. Executive, World Scout Bureau Asia-Pacific Region office, Makati, Philippines. Recipient, Bronze Wolf, 1977. [11]
Porfirio V. Sison Boy Scout, Troop 265, Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Founder, Pangasinan Council, BSP. Court Judge. National Executive Board Member and Vice President, BSP. Recipient, Silver Tamaraw, BSP. [55]
Samuel Wells Stagg Special Field Scout Commissioner, Boy Scouts of America. Charter Member and Deputy Commissioner, Manila Council, Boy Scouts of America. Pastor, Central Church, Manila. Co-founder, Cosmopolitan Church, Manila. Intelligence officer, US Navy. Writer, Philippines Free Press. [10][11][56][57]
Josephus Emile Hamilton Stevenot Vice President and General Manager, Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company. President, Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America. Founder, Boy Scouts of the Philippines;[58] Chief Scout, 1938-41. Recipient, Silver Buffalo, Boy Scouts of America. Colonel, US Army; KIA. [10][11][12][59]
Librado Inocencio Ureta (1905-1991) Director of Records, National Headquarters, BSP, Manila. Scout Executive, BSP Bacolod City Council and BSP Cebu Provincial Council. Inspired by presentation made by Sol George Levy,[60] Ureta (then taking MA in education at Far Eastern University) and a group of former Scouts founded Alpha Phi Omega in the Philippines, March 2, 1950, at Room 214, Nicanor Reyes Hall, Far Eastern University, Nicanor Reyes Avenue, Sampaloc, Manila. [34][61]
Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis Government official. Charter Member, BSP; Chief Scout, 1941-42, 1949-61. Member, World Scout Committee. Recipient, Philippine Legion of Honor. Recipient, Bronze Wolf, 1959. Recipient, Tanglaw ng Kabataan Award, 1961. [10][11][12][62]
Rogelio R. Vicencio Scouting professional, program and training proponent, historian, and Assistant Secretary General, BSP. Discovered article by the Founder Lord Baden-Powell in The Scout, issue no. 224, July 27, 1912, referring to Elwood Brown as "The Chief Scoutmaster" of the Philippines. [12]
Ernest Earl Voss, Jr. (1895-1969) Professional Executive, Boy Scouts of America. Assigned by BSA Chief Scout Executive James Edward West to BSA Philippine Islands Council, 1935-1938. [10][11][56][63][64]
William Warmsley Aged 15, Tenderfoot Scout of Troop No. 225, Tuguegarao, Cagayan, rescued Ruth Hawkins and Ida Schermerhorn from drowning in the Cagayan River. Second member of the BSA Philippine Islands Council to receive the BSA Gold Honor Medal. [65][66]
Recipients of the BSA Gold Honor Medal 1–Teodorico Casipit. 2–William Warmsley. 3–Tome Biteng. 4–Buenaventura Espiritu. 5–Maximo Flor. 6–Julito Semine. 7–Florencio Suzara. Each also received a letter from BSA National Scout Commissioner and Chairman of the National Court of Honor Daniel Carter Beard. [66]
Recipients, Mount Makiling Award His Majesty Phumiphon Adunyadet, King Rama IX of Thailand, 1963. His Royal Highness Konstantinos, Crown Prince of Hellas, Prince of Danmark, Duke of Sparta, 1963. His Majesty Mohammad Rezā Pahlavi, Shah of Irān, 1969. Richard Milhous Nixon, 1973. Ferdinand Emmanuél Edralín Marcos, 1973. Carlos Peña Romulo, 1977. Gabriél A. Daza, 1977. Antonio Concepción Delgado, 1977. Felix Li Tai Ho, 1999. Park Kun Bae, 1999. His Majesty Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus, King Carl XVI of Sverige, 2014.
Filipino recipients of the Bronze Wolf Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1959. Gabriél A. Daza, 1965. Guillermo R. Padolina, 1967. Hermenegildo B. Reyes, 1967. Antonio Concepción Delgado, 1971. Jorge Maria Cui, 1979. Francisco S. Román, 1992. Fidél Valdéz Ramos, 1993.
Recipients, Tanglaw ng Kabataan Award Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1961. Ferdinand Emmanuél Edralín Marcos, 1977. Maria Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino, 1986. Gabriél A. Daza, 1986. Manuél Roxas Camus, 1986. Vicente Podico Lim, 1986. Arsenio Nicasio Luz y Katigbák, 1986. Carlos Peña Romulo, 1986. Josephus Emile Hamilton Stevenot, 1986. Fidél Valdéz Ramos, 1992. Francisco S. Román, 1999. Pedro O. Sanvicente, 1999. Ben Cordero Lim, 2000. Manuél A. Camará, 2001. Isidro D. Cariño, 2001. Cesar A. Santos, 2003. Antonio T. Uy, 2010. Jejomár Cabauatan Binay, 2014. Roberto Mamangon Pagdanganan, 2016. BSP files.
Philippine recipients of the Silver Buffalo of the Boy Scouts of America Josephus Emile Hamilton Stevenot, 1941. Manuél Roxas Camus, 1947. Antonio Concepción Delgado, 1970. William Howard Quasha, 1974.
4th World Scout Jamboree contingent Delegation of 6 Scouts and 1 Scouter from the Philippine Islands Council, Boy Scouts of America: Antonio de León, Antonio Concepción Delgado, Pablo Delgado, José Hermán, Mariano Serrano, Vicente Kierulf, and Scoutmaster Wencesláo O. Cruz. [67]
11th World Scout Jamboree contingent Delegation of 20 Scouts and 4 Scouters who died when their plane crashed into the Arabian Sea, off Bombay, India, on the way to the Jamboree in Marathon, Greece. [68][69]
Chief Scouts, Boy Scouts of the Philippines Honorary Chief Scout – Paul Vories McNutt, 1938–39.
  1. Josephus Emile Hamilton Stevenot, 1938–41.
  2. Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1941–42.
  3. Arsenio Nicasio Luz y Katigbák, 1942–44.
  4. Manuél Roxas Camus, 1945–49.
  5. Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1949–61.
  6. Gabriél A. Daza, 1961–68.
  7. Vitaliano Bernardino, 1968–74.
  8. Ferdinand Emmanuél Edralín Marcos, 1974–86.
  9. Maria Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino, 1986–92.
  10. Fidél Valdéz Ramos, 1992–98.
  11. Joseph Estrada (José Ejercitó), 1998–2001.
  12. Maria Gloria Macaraég Macapagál Arroyo, 2001–10.
  13. Benigno Simeón Cojuangco Aquino, 2010–16.
  14. Rodrigo Roa Duterte, 2016– .
Presidents, Boy Scouts of the Philippines .
  1. Josephus Emile Hamilton Stevenot, 1938–41.
  2. Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1941–42.
  3. Arsenio Nicasio Luz y Katigbák, 1942–44.
  4. Manuél Roxas Camus, 1945–49.
  5. Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis, 1949–61.
  6. Gabriél A. Daza, 1961–68.
  7. Vitaliano Bernardino, 1968–74.
  8. Antonio Concepción Delgado, 1974–75.
  9. Fernando E. V. Sison, 1975–79.
  10. Ramón O. Nolasco, 1979–81.
  11. Roberto S. Benedicto, 1981–83.
  12. Vicente O. Novales, 1983–85.
  13. Lazaro M. Zulueta, 1985.
  14. J. Roilo S. Golez, 1985–86.
  15. Francisco S. Román, 1986–89.
  16. Isidro D. Cariño, 1989–91.
  17. Jaime Y. Ladao, 1991–92.
  18. Maximo J. Edralin, Jr., 1992.
  19. Andrew O. Nocon, 1992–94.
  20. Jejomár Cabauatan Binay, 1994–96.
  21. Roberto Mamangon Pagdanganan, 1996–98.
  22. Jejomár Cabauatan Binay, 1999–present.
Chief Scout Executive / National Scout Directors / National Scout Executive / Secretaries General, Boy Scouts of the Philippines .
  1. Chief Scout Executive Exequiél Villacorta, 1936–54.
  2. National Scout Director Guillermo R. Padolina, 1954–56.
  3. National Scout Director José A. Panlilio, 1956–60.
  4. National Scout Director Ralph G. Hawkins, 1960–61.
  5. National Scout Executive Godofredo Palencia Neric, 1961–74.
  6. Secretary General Jorge Maria Cui, 1975–80.
  7. Secretary General Alberto S. Javier, Jr., 1980–85.
  8. Secretary General Cezar Iguidez Batilo, 1985–89.[70]
  9. Secretary General Carlos Cervantes Escudero, 1989–2002.
  10. Secretary General José Rizál Cuba Pangilinan, 2003–13.
  11. Acting Secretary General Wendel E. Avisado, 2013–present.
Founders / Charter Members, Alpha Phi Omega in the Philippines Librado Inocencio Ureta,[71] Romeo Y. Atienza, Alfredo de los Reyes, Lamberto T. Dominguez, Ralph G. Hawkins, Bonifacio Vitan Lazcano,[72] Godofredo Palencia Neric, Leonardo R. Osorio Jr., Guillermo R. Padolina, Ignacio J. Sevilla, and Max M. Velasco.
Scouting historians Alfonso Aluit, Ricardo R. de la Cruz, Cesar C. Javiér, William Howard Quasha, Samuel Salter [12]

Evolution of the Philippine Scout badge[edit]

  • fleur-de-lis / compass north symbol.
  • plain scout badge used by Col. Baden-Powell.
  • British Boy Scout badge used by Sir Robert Baden-Powell.
  • BSA trefoil, scroll and eagle; used by BSA Philippine Islands Council: 1923–37.
  • first BSP trefoil and scroll, with Philippine flag superimposed and only two stars: 1937–45.
  • BSP trefoil and scroll, with sun, three stars, curly prongs, and two binding bands: 1945–??.
  • classic BSP trefoil and scroll, with sun, three stars, and only one band, but without curly prongs: 19??–77.
  • KSP badge with classic Philippine Scouting trefoil (no scroll) with blue-and-red bottom center prong, superimposed on Filipino shield with angled bottom: 1977–??.
  • KSP badge with altered-shape Philippine Scouting trefoil (no scroll) with white-colored bottom center prong and Islamic crescent, superimposed on Filipino shield with straight bottom: 19??–91.
  • classic pre-Marcos BSP trefoil and scroll, with sun, three stars, and one band (here pictured): 1992–present.

Memorials[edit]

See: Scouting memorials in the Philippines.

Colegio de San Juan de Letran monument to Ramon Valdes Albano, Henry Cabrera Chuatoco, and Wilfredo Mendoza Santiago, who perished with BSP contingent to 11th World Jamboree.
Bust of Senior Scout Pathfinder Paulo Cabrera Madriñan of Pasay Council (in Paete, Laguna), who perished with BSP contingent to 11th World Jamboree.

Program Sections[edit]

  • KID Scouting (Kabataang Iminumulat Diwa) is for boys 3 to 4 years old (in pre-school, except kindergarten). They wear a light blue neckerchief.
  • KAB Scouting (Kabataan Alay sa Bayan) is for boys 5 to 10 years old (kindergarten through grade 3). They wear a yellow neckerchief.
  • Boy Scouting is for boys 10 to 12 years old (grades 4 through 6). They wear a green neckerchief.
  • Senior Scouting is for boys and girls 13 to 17 years old (grades 7 through 10). They wear a red neckerchief.
  • Rover Scouting is for young men and women 17 to 24 years old (grades 11-12 and college level). Rovers aged 24 and above are called Rover Peers. They wear a navy blue neckerchief.[73]

KAB Scout Advancement Program[edit]

  • Young Usa
  • Growing Usa
  • Leaping Usa [74]

Boy Scout Advancement Program[edit]

  • Membership Badge
  • Tenderfoot Scout
  • Second Class Scout
  • First Class Scout [75]

Senior Scout Advancement Program[edit]

  • Membership Badge
  • Explorer
  • Pathfinder
  • Outdoorsman / Airman / Seaman
  • Venturer / Air Venturer / Sea Venturer
  • Eagle Scout

Rover Advancement Program[edit]

  • Yellow Quadrant
  • Green Quadrant
  • Red Quadrant
  • Blue Quadrant
  • Chief Scout's Nation Builder

Scout ideals[edit]

Vision[edit]

(Pre-2016)

To be the leading provider of progressive, outdoor-based, non-formal education, committed to develop morally straight, disciplined, concerned, self-reliant citizens in the best tradition of World Scouting.

(Current)

Foremost in preparing the youth to become agents of change in communities, guided by the Scout Oath and Law.

Mission[edit]

(Pre-2016)

To inculcate in our Scouts love of God, country and fellowmen;
To prepare the youth for responsible leadership; and
To contribute to nation-building according to the ideals, principles and program of Scouting.

(Current)

To help the youth develop values and acquire competencies to become responsible citizens and capable leaders anchored on the Scout Oath and Law.

Scout Oath[edit]

(English)[76]

On my honor, I will do my best

To do my duty to God and my country, the Republic of the Philippines, and to obey the Scout law.
To help other people at all times,
To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.

Ang Panunumpâ ng Scout[edit]

(Filipino)[77]

Sa ngalan ng aking dangál ay gagawín ko ang buóng makakaya

Upang tumupád sa aking tungkulin sa Diyós at sa aking Bayan, ang Republiká ng Pilipinas, at sumunód sa Batás ng Iskawt;
Tumulong sa ibáng tao sa lahát ng pagkakataón;
Pamalagiing malakás ang aking katawán, gisíng ang isipan at marangál[78] ang asal.

Scout Law/Ang Batás ng Scout[edit]

The original English version is the Scout Law of the Boy Scouts of America, used in the Philippines 1923–1976 and 1986–present. The official Filipino version was translated from the English BSA Scout Law.[79] Do Not Put "And" , "At" In The End

A Scout is Ang Scout ay
Trustworthy Mapagkakatiwalaan
Loyal Matapát
Helpful Matulungín
Friendly Mapagkaibigan[80]
Courteous Magalang
Kind Mabaít
Obedient Masunurin
Cheerful Masayá
Thrifty Matipíd
Brave Matapang
Clean Malinis
Reverent Maka-Diyós[81]

Senior Scout Code[edit]

As a Senior Scout,

I will live the Scout Oath and Law and the Senior Scout motto and slogan.
I will be familiar with the Constitution of the Philippines especially my rights and obligations as a Filipino citizen.
I will share in my responsibilities to my home, school, church, neighborhood, community and country.
I will deal fairly and kindly with my fellowmen in the spirit of the Scout Law.
I will work to preserve our Filipino heritage, aware that the privileges I enjoy were won by hard work, sacrifice, clear thinking, and faith of our forefathers.
I will do everything in my power to pass a better Philippines to the next generation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Although troops of Filipino boys had been formed earlier in the country's social, political and economic center, Manila, the story of Caroline Spencer, Sherman Kiser, and the Lorillard Spencer Troop, in time, became the standard story for the start of Boy Scouting in the Philippines through its repeated citation in BSP books and articles, including: Diamond Jubilee Yearbook (1996, pp 40–42), Good Morning (2012, pp 26 & 28), Scouting in the Philippines Centennial Magazine (2014, pp 10–11).
  2. ^ http://bsp-spcf.webs.com/aboutscouting.htm
  3. ^ Gleeck, Lewis Edward Jr., 1976, Over Seventy-five Years of Philippine-American History: The Army and Navy Club of Manila, Manila: Carmelo & Bauermann, 1976.
  4. ^ Cf: Official Handbook for Boys, first edition, published by Doubleday for the Boy Scouts of America, 1911.
  5. ^ The bombardment reportedly killed hundreds of civilians in various places, notably Dulag, Leyte.
  6. ^ Briefer on the Philippine Legion of Honor, www.gov.ph
  7. ^ Stutler, Boyd Blynn, "Abello of Leyte", American Legion Magazine, March 1945.
  8. ^ a b c d Saunders, Hilary Adan St George, The Left Handshake, London: Collins, 1949.[1]
  9. ^ Philippine Scouting Magazine, May-Jun 1953, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Boy Scouts of the Philippines, Scouting for Filipino Boys, volume 1, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Boy Scouts of the Philippines, Boy Scout Book, volume 1, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1972.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1996, Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1996, ISBN 971-91769-0-3.
  13. ^ Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2001, On My Honor: stories of Scouts in action, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, OCLC 843437665, pp 104-105.
  14. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 149.
  15. ^ a b On My Honor, p 15.
  16. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 186.
  17. ^ On My Honor, pp 124-125.
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ "July 20, 1950. Dear Miss Vivian Parlade, I saw this letter on the road. I picked it up and found that it must have been dropped and lost unknowingly by the owner. Since your address is on the envelop, I am respectfully returning it with the money, fifty dollars, untouched. I am a Boy Scout and I feel good that I am doing this. I am not after any reward nor compensation. That is why I am not giving you my name nor my address, only my initials. I hope you are happy."
  20. ^ On My Honor, p v.
  21. ^ a b List of Alpha Phi Omega members
  22. ^ [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]
  23. ^ On My Honor, p 140.
  24. ^ "Boy Scouts Work with the Firemen Just Like Heroes", The Miami Metropolis, September 20, 1911, page 3
  25. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 150.
  26. ^ On My Honor, pp 4-5.
  27. ^ On My Honor, pp 129-130.
  28. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 47.
  29. ^ On My Honor, p 109-110.
  30. ^ On My Honor, p 130-132.
  31. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 151.
  32. ^ On My Honor, pp 2-3.
  33. ^ On My Honor, p 12.
  34. ^ a b c d e f History of Alpha Phi Omega Philippines
  35. ^ photo in Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 92.
  36. ^ On My Honor, p 19.
  37. ^ BSP Diamond Jubilee Yearbook.
  38. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, pp 54-55.
  39. ^ On My Honor, pp 96-102.
  40. ^ On My Honor, pp 132-133.
  41. ^ On My Honor, pp 133-134.
  42. ^ The Jose Rizal Scout became the Scout Citizen Award.
  43. ^ photo in Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 93.
  44. ^ On My Honor, pp 7-8.
  45. ^ Scouting, Boy Scouts of America, Sep 1992.
  46. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, pp 188-189.
  47. ^ Igmidio Arcilla, Marvin José Rolando Guevarra, Vicente Jimenez, Guillermo Lagula, Eusebio Lumantao, Conrado Polintan, Felino Rabano.
  48. ^ He declined the executive position of the Far East Council, Boy Scouts of America.
  49. ^ On My Honor, p 77.
  50. ^ Starweek, October 8, 1995.
  51. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, pp 191-192.
  52. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 48.
  53. ^ On My Honor, pp 134-136.
  54. ^ Carlos P. Romulo
  55. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 187.
  56. ^ a b Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, p 44.
  57. ^ Webb, Mary, Not My Will: a Christian martyr in the Philippines, Philippines: Anvil Publishing, 1997, ISBN 971-27-0560-9.
  58. ^ Made draft of legislative bill and lobbied at National Assembly.
  59. ^ On My Honor, p 129.
  60. ^ (1891-1976) BSA leader, businessman, APO member
  61. ^ Librado Inocencio Ureta
  62. ^ On My Honor, pp 136-137.
  63. ^ research by BSA historian David C. Scott
  64. ^ Correspondence with David C. Scott
  65. ^ Annual Report of the Boy Scouts of America, 1931, p 61.
  66. ^ a b "Roster of Heroes" in On My Honor, Manila: BSP, 2001, p 150.
  67. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, pp 45-46
  68. ^ Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, pp 54-56
  69. ^ On My Honor, p 96-102.
  70. ^ Lieutenant, 20th Battalion Combat Team, Philippine Expeditionary Forces to Korea, Korean War. Recipient, Gold Cross.
  71. ^ Librado Inocencio Ureta (1905-1991)
  72. ^ Physician and Scoutmaster of the ill-fated Philippine contingent which would perish on the way to the 11th World Scout Jamboree
  73. ^ Formerly, Rovers wore a maroon neckerchief.
  74. ^ In 1960 to 1975, the Cub Scout ranks were: Young Usa, Lauan Badge, Molave Badge, Narra Badge, and Leaping Usa.
  75. ^ In the past, both Boy Scouts and Senior Scouts could attain the highest rank, Jose Rizal. In the present scheme, a Boy Scout would have to move to the Senior Scout section in order to make Eagle.
  76. ^ Same as the Boy Scouts of America Oath, except for the phrase "the Republic of the Philippines." In 1976–86, the Scout Oath of the Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas ran: On my honor, I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout law, to help other people at all times, to keep myself physically sound, mentally alert, and morally upright.
  77. ^ Official Filipino version, translated from original English BSA Oath, and the phrase "ang Republiká ng Pilipinas" added.
  78. ^ "marangál": originally, "tumpák"
  79. ^ The Scout Law of the Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas, 1976–86, ran: A Scout is Trustworthy, Loyal, Helpful, Considerate, Courageous, Resourceful, Industrious, Disciplined, Self-reliant, and a Brother to all Scouts.
  80. ^ originally, "Magiliw"
  81. ^ originally, "Mapitagan"

Bibliography[edit]

  • Scouting for Filipino Boys, Volume 1, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1949.
  • Boy Scout Book, Volume 1, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1972.
  • Diamond Jubilee Yearbook, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1996. ISBN 978-971-91769-0-9
  • On My Honor: Stories of Scouts in Action, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2001.
  • Good Morning!, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2012.
  • Manual for Scoutmasters, Manila: Kapatirang Scout ng Pilipinas.
  • Troop Leader's Manual, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1995, 2001, 2004.
  • Kawan Leader's Manual, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2001, 2007.
  • Langkay Leader's Manual, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2002.
  • Handbook for Boys, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 2002.
  • 13 and Above, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
  • Rover Scouting Program Guidebook, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines, 1992, 1995, 2004.
  • Philippine Scouting magazine, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines.
  • Annual Report, Manila: Boy Scouts of the Philippines.

External links[edit]