Louis Boyd Neel O.C. (19 July 1905 – 30 September 1981) was an English, and later Canadian conductor and academic. He was Dean of the Royal Conservatory of Music at the University of Toronto. Neel founded and conducted chamber orchestras, and contributed to the revival of interest in baroque music and in the 19th and 20th Century string orchestra repertoire.
Neel attended Osborne Naval College and then Dartmouth, and was commissioned in the Royal Navy. Soon after he was commissioned, the armed forces underwent a drastic reduction (the so-called 'Geddes Axe'), and Neel left the navy to study medicine at Caius College, Cambridge. He qualified in 1930, and became House Surgeon and Physician at Saint George's Hospital, London, and Resident Doctor at King Edward VII's Hospital, London.
The Boyd Neel Orchestra
For Neel, at this stage, music was still a hobby. He conducted amateur groups and formed an orchestra of young professionals, whom he recruited in 1932 from the Royal Academy of Music and the Royal College of Music. The Boyd Neel London String Orchestra (later the Boyd Neel Orchestra) made its debut at the Aeolian Hall, London, on 22 June 1933. The programme included the first performance in England of Respighi's Suite of Ancient Airs and Dances and the premiere of a new suite by occasional composer Julian Herbage. After the concert, Neel returned to his surgery and delivered a baby. The second concert, at the same venue, took place on 24 November 1933, and included the first performance in England of the Serenade for Strings by Wolf-Ferrari. On 18 December 1933 the orchestra was invited to broadcast by the BBC for the first time. When Decca offered Neel and the orchestra a contract, he left medicine to devote himself full-time to music.
On 16 February 1934 the orchestra performed a concert of chamber works by Ernest Bloch at the Aeolian Hall, conducted by the composer. Neel conducted the first music heard in the new Glyndebourne opera house in 1934, in private performances, at John Christie's invitation. Among the Boyd Neel Orchestra's early releases in 1936 were the first recordings of Vaughan Williams's Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis and Britten's Simple Symphony. The following year, Neel and his orchestra were invited to the Salzburg Festival, for which Neel commissioned Britten's Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge. In 1939 Boyd Neel commissioned John Ireland's three movement Concertino Pastorale for string orchestra, first played at the Canterbury Festival on 14 June 1939. It was subsequently recorded in February 1940. The orchestra toured Great Britain and Europe until the outbreak of war.
World War II to 1952
During World War II, Neel returned to medical work and the Navy, while continuing to conduct when time permitted. Britten wrote his Prelude and Fugue for 18 string instruments as a 10th birthday present to the Boyd Neel Orchestra in 1943. The same year Gordon Jacob wrote his austere Symphony for Strings for them to perform. It shares much the same emotional terrain as Honegger's Symphony No.2 for trumpet and strings, which the orchestra was also playing at the time.
After the war, Neel resumed his musical career, conducting for Sadler's Wells Opera ('50 Rigolettos' he recalled) from 1944 to 1946 and the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company for its 1947 and 1948 London seasons at Sadler's Wells, performing the Gilbert and Sullivan operas.
Beginning in 1947, with the Boyd Neel Orchestra, he embarked on a series of world tours, playing in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States, and appearing in festivals such as Edinburgh and Aix-en-Provence. Neel published a book about these experiences called The Story of an Orchestra in 1950. As well as modern works, the orchestra revived then seldom heard Baroque works by J S Bach, J C Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Torelli and Geminiani, including the first ever recording of Handel's Concerti Grossi, Op. 6.
Toronto and later years
In 1952 Neel accepted the post of Dean of the Royal Conservatory of Music at Toronto, Ontario. He served in this post for 18 years, reorganising and rebuilding the Faculty of Music at the University of Toronto. Soon after his appointment he formed the Hart House Orchestra in Toronto and toured with it extensively, at, among other events, the Brussels World's Fair in 1958, the Aldeburgh Festival in 1966 and Expo '67. After this, he became Artistic Director of the Sarnia Festival Opera House on Lake Huron.
After Neel's departure to Canada, the Boyd Neel Orchestra was renamed the Philomusica of London and continues under that name today. Neel was awarded the C.B.E. in 1953 and was an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music. He became a naturalized Canadian citizen in 1961.
After his retirement, Neel worked on his memoirs, which were edited and published posthumously by his friend, J. David Finch. The book also includes an extensive discography of recordings of the Boyd Neel Orchestra and the National Symphony Orchestra conducted by Neel for Decca Records between 1934 and 1979. Neel died in Toronto at the age of 76.
- Neel, Boyd. The Story of an Orchestra, Vox Mundi, London, 1950. with an introduction by Benjamin Britten.
- Mitchell, Donald and Keller, Hans, (ed.) Benjamin Britten: a Commentary, Rockcliff, 1952. (Neel contributed the chapter on string music)
- Neel, Boyd, and J David Finch. My orchestras and other adventures: the memoirs of Boyd Neel University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1985. ISBN 0-8020-5674-1
- Boyd Neel Orchestra; George Frideric Handel; Boyd Neel (1973). The water music [sound recording]. Ace of Diamonds, SDD 2191 (EAL.2296-2297).
- "New releases". Sir Compton Mackenzie; Christopher Stone (1995). The Gramophone. 73, Issues 869-871. C. Mackenzie.
- "Music: A Wee Drap o' Music". Time. September 6, 1948. Concert review; describes founding of Neel's orchestra. (subscription required)
- McVeagh, Diana. 'Neel, (Louis) Boyd' in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The Gramophone, July 1972, p 178
- David K. C. Cooper (26 November 2013). Doctors of Another Calling: Physicians Who Are Known Best in Fields Other than Medicine. University of Delaware Press. pp. 329–. ISBN 978-1-61149-467-9.
- Barry J. Edwards, Mabel H. Laine, Andrew Mcintosh. "Boyd Neel. The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. 01/29/2008
- Nick Wilson (2014). The Art of Re-enchantment: Making Early Music in the Modern Age. OUP USA. pp. 70–. ISBN 978-0-19-993993-0.
- Boyd Neel, The Story of an Orchestra, 1950
- Radio Times, Issue 533, December 15 1933, p 819
- Ernest Bloch Legacy Project
- Stuart, Philip. Decca Classical, 1929–2009, AHRC Research Centre for the History and Analysis of Recorded Music. Retrieved 11 October 2021
- The John Ireland Companion, ed. Lewis Foreman, 2011
- Stone, David. "Boyd Neel" at Who Was Who in the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company (2001)
- "Boyd Neel's Twentieth". Newsweek. 40. Newsweek, Incorporated. 1952. p. 60.
- 'British Music for Strings, Volume 1', CPO 555 382-2 (2020), reviewed by MusicWeb International
- The Gramophone, July 1972, p 183
- "The Story of an Orchestra" WorldCat Libraries.
- Gramophone: Handel Concerti grossi, Op. 6
- Ezra Schabas (1 September 2005). There's Music In These Walls: A History of the Royal Conservatory of Music. Dundurn. pp. 133–. ISBN 978-1-55488-363-9.
- May Weekes Johnstone, "Boyd Neel and the Canadian Stratford Festival". Theodore Presser (1955). Etude. 73. T. Presser Company. p. 76.
- Paul Helmer (22 June 2014). Growing with Canada: The ƒmigrŽ Tradition in Canadian Music. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-7735-7624-7.
- Peter Watchorn (5 July 2017). Isolde Ahlgrimm, Vienna and the Early Music Revival. Taylor & Francis. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-1-351-56197-6.
- "Order of Canada: Louis Boyd Neel". The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- Neel, Boyd, and J David Finch. My orchestras and other adventures. (1985)
- Benjamin Britten, On Music, OUP, 2003
- Carl Morey (26 November 2013). Music in Canada: A Research and Information Guide. Routledge. pp. 140–. ISBN 978-1-135-57022-4.
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