Boydton, Virginia

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Boydton, Virginia
Street scene in Boydton
Street scene in Boydton
Official seal of Boydton, Virginia
Seal
Boydton, Virginia is located in Virginia
Boydton, Virginia
Boydton, Virginia
Location within the state of Virginia
Boydton, Virginia is located in the United States
Boydton, Virginia
Boydton, Virginia
Boydton, Virginia (the United States)
Coordinates: 36°40′5″N 78°23′20″W / 36.66806°N 78.38889°W / 36.66806; -78.38889Coordinates: 36°40′5″N 78°23′20″W / 36.66806°N 78.38889°W / 36.66806; -78.38889
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyMecklenburg
Area
 • Total0.82 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land0.82 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
354 ft (108 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total431
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
410
 • Density530/sq mi (200/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
23917
Area code(s)434
FIPS code51-09016[3]
GNIS feature ID1498456[4]

Boydton is a town in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, United States. The population was 431 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Mecklenburg County,[5] and it is near Kerr Lake.

Geography[edit]

Boydton is located at 36°40′05″N 78°23′20″W / 36.667997°N 78.389001°W / 36.667997; -78.389001 (36.667997, −78.389001).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870261
188038246.4%
1900527
1910421−20.1%
19204578.6%
19304927.7%
1940424−13.8%
195050118.2%
1960449−10.4%
197054120.5%
1980486−10.2%
1990453−6.8%
20004540.2%
2010431−5.1%
Est. 2018410[2]−4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 454 people, 134 households, and 95 families residing in the town. The population density was 553.0 people per square mile (213.8/km2). There were 165 housing units at an average density of 201.0 per square mile (77.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 58.15% White, 39.21% African American, 1.54% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.42% of the population.

There were 134 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the town the population was spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 121.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 132.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,063, and the median income for a family was $38,125. Males had a median income of $25,417 versus $25,208 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,034. About 6.0% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Boyd Tavern in Boydton, built 1790 and open for tours
Mecklenburg County Courthouse in Boydton, completed in 1842

Boydton was founded in 1812 and is the original home of Randolph-Macon College, then very small, and which barely stayed in operation during the American Civil War as its focus abruptly changed from a Methodist seminary to military cadet training. In the difficult post-war Reconstruction years the trustees relocated the remote and struggling school to its present location in Ashland, Virginia, closer to railroad service.

Boydton/Clarksville was the terminus of the 19th-century "Boydton and Petersburg Plank Road" leading to Petersburg. This 80-mile (130-km) Plank road was covered with wooden planks, making it superior to other roads which were just unpaved dirt and rutted.

The Boyd's Tavern is an 18th-century structure originally operated by merchant Alexander Boyd, a Scottish immigrant, which in recent years has been restored by his descendants and opened to public tours.

In 1952 the large Kerr Lake was created nearby, drawing many boaters, campers, and fishermen to the local area (see Clarksville, Virginia).

In addition to Boyd's Tavern, the Boydton Historic District and the Mecklenburg County Courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.[8]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Boydton Post Office in Boydton.[9]

The Virginia Department of Corrections operates the Mecklenburg Correctional Center in unincorporated Mecklenburg County, near Boydton.[10] On August 3, 1998, the male death row moved to its current location, the Sussex I State Prison, from the Mecklenburg Correctional Center.[11] Mecklenburg Correctional Center was closed and demolished.

Public school education is provided by Mecklenburg County Public Schools which is headquartered in the city.

In 2010, Microsoft began construction of a $500 million data center in Boydton. In 2014, $350 million was spent on its expansion.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Boydton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 28, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  9. ^ "Post Office Location - BOYDTON Archived June 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  10. ^ "Mecklenburg Correctional Center (male classification/intake institution) Archived 2010-02-05 at the Wayback Machine." Virginia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  11. ^ "Virginia Death Row/Execution Facts." My FOX DC. Tuesday November 10, 2009. Retrieved on August 22, 2010.
  12. ^ "Microsoft Kicks Off $350M Data Center Expansion in Virginia". 13 June 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  13. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  14. ^ "Boydton, Virginia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 24 December 2017.