Boys Over Flowers
|Boys Over Flowers|
Cover art of the first manga volume.
(Hana Yori Dango)
|Written by||Yoko Kamio|
|English publisher||Viz Media|
|Original run||October 1992 – June 2008|
|Live action television and film|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Shigeyasu Yamauchi|
|Produced by||Tetsu Odake (ABC TV)|
Yasuo Kameyama (ASATSU)
Takashi Horiuchi (ASATSU)
Hiromi Seki (Toei Doga)
|Written by||Yumi Kageyama|
|Music by||Michiru Ōshima|
|Original network||Asahi Broadcasting Corporation|
|Original run||September 8, 1996 – August 31, 1997|
|Hana Yori Dango: The Movie|
|Released||March 8, 1997|
Boys Over Flowers (Japanese: 花より男子, Hepburn: Hana Yori Dango, lit. "Dango [Preferred] over Flowers") is a 1990s Japanese shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Yoko Kamio and set in Tokyo, Japan and the fictional "Eitoku Academy" (an elite school for children from rich families). It tells the story of Tsukushi Makino, a girl from a middle class family, whose mother enrolled her in an elite high school to compete with the families from her husband's company. While at Eitoku, she encounters the F4, a gang of four young men who are children of Japan's wealthiest families, and who bully anyone that gets in their way.
Hana Yori Dango launched in October 1992 and ran until January 2004. Kamio released an epilogue issue in June 2008. The North American translation was launched in August 2003 and ran until October 2009.
The manga was adapted into various mediums, many before the book series finished. From 1996 to 1997 it released in Japan as the anime episodic television series and film Hana Yori Dango (Boys Over Flowers). It was also released in Japan as the live action feature film, Hana Yori Dango (1995). The first live-action television adaptation, Meteor Garden (Taiwan, 2001), was also released before the Manga was completed.
A number of television adaptations followed, influenced both by completion of the manga, as well as the series that proceeded each one. Hana Yori Dango released in Japan in 2005 and 2007 (followed by the 2008 theatrical release, Hana Yori Dango Final). The South Korean adaptation, Boys Over Flowers released in 2009, and was followed in 2018 by the Chinese remake Meteor Garden. F4 Thailand is an upcoming Thai adaptation (2021).
Eitoku Academy (英徳学園, Eitoku Gakuen) in Yamanote, Japan is a prestigious school that caters to children from upper class families. Hence, Tsukushi Makino, who comes from a middle-class family, fulfills the literal meaning of her name, as she is initially considered to be the "weed" of the school.
The school is ruled by the F4 ("Flower Four"), four young men from Japan's wealthiest families. Tsukasa Domyouji, the son of the wealthiest, most powerful family in Japan, takes an interest in Tsukushi because she is the only girl at Eitoku who does not like him, and in fact beats him up. Tsukushi, however, is repulsed by his hot-headed nature and bullying demeanor, falling instead for soft-spoken and sensitive Rui Hanazawa (Tsukasa's best friend since childhood). This love triangle forms the basis of the entire series.
The other two members of the F4 are Akira Mimasaka, the laid-back peacemaker of the group, and Sojirou Nishikado, an unrepentant playboy. They both usually have at least one girlfriend at any one time; Akira prefers older women because the women of his household (his mother and two younger sisters) are quite childish. Sojirou is happy to be in casual relationships with many women, although we later discover that at one time he was in love with a childhood friend.
Over time, Tsukushi's feelings towards Tsukasa evolve, as she begins to appreciate the degree of change that occurred in Tsukasa once he fell in love with her. However, because of the difference in social class, Tsukushi and Tsukasa's relationship is blocked by Tsukasa's mother, Kaede (but supported by his elder sister, Tsubaki, who becomes friends with Tsukushi).
- Tsukushi Makino (牧野 つくし, Makino Tsukushi)
- The protagonist is a teenage high school girl whose name, Tsukushi, means "weed". She is thus the "weed" that will challenge the "Flower Four" or F4. Tsukushi is one of the very few students studying at Eitoku High School to come from a middle class family. Her mother pushed her to join Eitoku because the children of her father's work colleagues all attend prestigious schools. Tsukushi is unhappy at Eitoku, but feels if she quietly exists for two years, she can survive it. However, after defending her friend who accidentally falls down a set of stairs and onto the leader of the F4, Tsukasa Domyouji, she, instead, receives a red card—a declaration of war. This officially marks her for future torment by the F4 and the rest of the student body.
- However, unlike most of the F4's targets, Tsukushi retaliates by directly attacking Tsukasa. This unexpected retaliation and steadfast resistance to the hazing is one that he has never encountered from a target before, and falls in love with Tsukasa. Initially, Tsukushi hates all of the F4 with except Rui Hanazawa, for whom she harbors romantic feelings. But, after Rui admits that he will never stop loving his childhood sweetheart Shizuka, Tsukushi slowly falls in love with Tsukasa and becomes friends with the F4.
- Tsukasa Domyouji (道明寺 司, Dōmyōji Tsukasa)
- Tsukasa is the leader of the F4 group and the heir to the large Domyouji Enterprises. He grew up with the rest of the F4 as his mother was always overseas, and his older sister relocated to Los Angeles after her marriage. His mother, in particular, is cold towards him, and wants to control his life for the sake of preserving the family name.
- As the extremely hot-headed and volatile leader of the F4, Tsukasa uses his power to rule over the entire school. He uses an infamous red card and attaches it inside anyone's locker who has made the F4, particularly him, upset. A red card gives the entire student body at Eitoku free rein to bully, prank and humiliate the receiver until they decide to leave the school. However, Tsukushi's declaration of war against the F4 after receiving the red card, retaliation against the student body and strong will, reminds Tsukasa of his beloved older sister, Tsubaki. He thus grows fond of Tsukushi, eventually falling madly in love with her.
- Rui Hanazawa (花沢 類, Hanazawa Rui)
- Rui is Tsukasa's best friend and Tsukushi's first romantic interest. He is generally quiet, distant, uninterested in people and is said to be autistic. He only opens up to his close friends and the model Shizuka Todou, for whom he has harbored love for since childhood.
- Rui admires Tsukushi's courage in standing up to Tsukasa and eventually begins to help her. After he comes back from France and witnessing Shizuka's marriage, Rui was very frustrated and slowly falls in love with Tsukushi. However, after learning that Tsukushi genuinely loves Tsukasa, Rui backs off.
- Sojirou Nishikado (西門 総二郎, Nishikado Sōjirō)
- Sojirou is the biggest playboy of the F4. He is devoted to the practice of traditional Japanese tea ceremonies (which is his family's business). For the most part, he and Akira usually work to keep the peace within the group and following Tsukasa.
- Akira Mimasaka (美作 あきら, Mimasaka Akira)
- Akira is arguably the kindest and most mature member of F4. His family is very powerful in the Japanese underground (in the manga they own a large trading company). He keeps his cool and rarely loses his temper, although when he does, even Domyouji has to run for the hills. Akira tends to date older women 10 years his senior, due to his childish young mother. He has a pair of young twin sisters who annoy him due to their extreme affection for him.
- Yuuki Matsuoka (松岡 優紀, Matsuoka Yūki)
- Yuuki is Tsukushi's childhood friend. The two work together at a Dango shop after school. Yukki cares a lot about Tsukushi's feelings, and does not want anybody to hurt Tsukushi. Yuuki offers Tsukushi a lot of encouragement and advice about her situation with the F4.
- Shizuka Todou (藤堂 静, Tōdōu Shizuka)
- Shizuka is a rich heiress, a fashion model, and a childhood friend of the F4, particularly Rui. She was the first person who was able to get him to come out of his shell, and the two were inseparable for much of their childhood. She began a modeling career during her high school years, but at her twentieth birthday party she announces that she will give up her career as a model as well as her position as the Todou heiress to move to Paris and become a human rights lawyer. She was very kind toward Tsukushi, as she sees her as Rui's romantic interest. Rui initially accompanies Shizuka to Paris at Tsukushi's request, but their relationship suffers as Shizuka spends more and more time at work. Towards the end of the manga series, Rui tell's Tsukishi that what happened between him and Shizuka is completely over and thats okay with him, they're on good terms and are still friends.
- Kazuya Aoike (青池 和也, Aoike Kazuya)
- Kazuya is another one of Tsukushi's childhood friends. He enrolls at Eitoku after his family comes into money through some real-estate deals. The other students at Eitoku draw a sharp distinction between Kazuya's "new money" and their "old money". The F4, in particular, mention this difference fairly often and consider him to be a nuisance as the story progresses, and simply tolerate him because of Tsukushi's fondness for him.
- Makiko Endo (遠藤真紀子, Endō Makiko)
- Makiko is one of Tsukushi's only friends at Eitoku in the beginning of the series. Tsukushi rescues her from inevitable torment after she collides with Domyouji on the stairs. Although she is forced to break off their friendship to prevent becoming a target of abuse, Makiko finds ways to help Tsukushi, sending her secret messages of encouragement or to warn her of impending danger.
- Sakurako Sanjo (三条 桜子, Sanjō Sakurako)
- Sakurako was the target of bullying as a young child, particularly by the F4, because she was born "ugly". When she confessed her love to Domyouji, he traumatized her by making fun of her looks. She eventually moved to Germany because of her family's business, and underwent plastic surgery to end the bullying. Many years later, she returns to Eitoku, where no one recognizes her now attractive face. She plans to take revenge on the F4, and befriends Tsukushi (who is unaware of her history). When she hears of Domyouji's growing attraction to Tsukushi, she conspires with her friend Thomas to destroy her.
- Junpei Oribe (織部 順平, Oribe Junpei)
- Junpei is a kohai of Tsukushi's that saves her from being bullied after she gets back from her trip to Canada. He first appears as a nerdy boy, with glasses and an oblivious attitude. He is actually a famous model for a well-known magazine, hiding his identity in school through his glasses. Tskushi sees him as the only other person at school who thinks the way she thinks after he says he only needs to endure two more years. Junpei's real motive is to lure Domyouji in order to take revenge for an injury his older brother endured. He uses Tsukushi as bait to lure Tsukasa to him and his friend, who are looking for vengeance after being humiliated by Tsukasa.
- Shigeru Okawahara (大河原 滋, Okawahara Shigeru)
- Shigeru is the heiress of the Okawahara Corporation, and Tsukasa's fiance for the arranged marriage created by his mother. Tsukasa neither likes nor wants to marry her, although she falls in love with him. She also befriends Tsukushi without knowing of her past relationship with Tsukasa.
- Tsubaki Domyouji (道明寺 椿, Dōmyōji Tsubaki)
- Tsubaki is Tsukasa's elder sister, and closest friend. Although she bullies him, he adores and trusts her more than anyone else, as she raised him in the absence of their parents. After she graduated from Eitoku, she dated a working class man, which led to her mother forcing them apart so that Tsubaki could marry a wealthier man. Although she has obtained a degree of happiness in her marriage, she often gets sad and travels home to Japan when her husband is busy overseas. She begs Tsukasa not to make the same mistake in love. She sees Tsukushi as a younger sister, and always helps with her relationship with Tsukasa.
- Kaede Domyouji (道明寺 楓, Dōmyōji Kaede)
- Kaede is Tsukasa's controlling mother and the is the chairwoman of Domyouji Enterprises. She is a powerful and feared businesswoman who does everything she can to end Tsukushi's relationship with Tsukushi. At one point, she tried to pay Tsukushi 50 million yen to get her to agree not to see Tsukasa again. However, Tsukushi's mother refused the money and poured salt onto Kaede's head because Kaede had insulted Tsukushi. Kaede then tried to force Tsukasa to marry Shigeru. When she found out that Tsukasa was going to break up with Shigeru, she became furious and forced Tsukasa to marry Shigeru quickly. When Shigeru and Tsukasa "marry", she witnesses Shigeru's true plan to set Tsukasa and Tsukushi up and even tries to stop it at first. But after knowing that Tsukushi truly cares about Tsukasa and everyone else, she accepts their relationship and eventual marriage.
Boys Over Flowers was serialized in Shueisha's bi-weekly Japanese-language magazine Margaret magazine from October 1992 to September 2003. It was also serialized into 36 stand-alone volumes between 1992 and 2004, with an epilogue (issue #37) that came out in 2008. English translations of all 37 volumes were released between 2003 and 2009. It has also been published by Glénat in France and by Planeta DeAgostini in Spain.
Boys Over Flowers won the 41st Shogakukan Manga Award for shōjo manga. With 61 million copies sold as of 2015, it is one of the best-selling manga series of all time and the best-selling shōjo manga of all time. Kamio began a sequel, titled Boys Over Flowers Season 2, in Shueisha's Shōnen Jump+ online magazine on February 15, 2015.
In July 2006, a short story based on the manga was published in issue 15 of Margaret magazine. Another two-installment short story was published in January 2007. Both short stories were done by Yoko Kamio.
In 1996, an anime series was produced by Toei Animation and broadcast by on television Asahi Broadcasting Corporation. It was followed by a theatrical film in 1997. The anime was later released on DVD by Viz Media in 2003. It was then re-released by Discotek Media in 2016.
List of anime episodes
|No.||Title||Original Air Date|
|1||"Declaration of War!"
Transcription: "Sensen Fukoku!" (Japanese: 宣戦布告！)
|September 8, 1996|
|2||"No Brand Girl"
Transcription: "Nōburando no Onna!" (Japanese: ノーブランドの女！)
|September 15, 1996|
|3||"I Won't be Hurt!"
Transcription: "Kizutsui Tari Shinai!" (Japanese: 傷ついたりしない！)
|September 22, 1996|
|4||"The Ordinary Duo!"
Transcription: "Panpīna Futari!" (Japanese: パンピーな二人！)
|September 29, 1996|
|5||"Me, Him... and the Other Guy!"
Transcription: "Kare to Atashi to Aitsu" (Japanese: 彼とあたしとアイツ)
|October 6, 1996|
|6||"Cinderella for a Night"
Transcription: "Hitoyo no Shinderera" (Japanese: 一夜のシンデレラ)
|October 13, 1996|
|7||"Atami Night Love"
Transcription: "Koi no Atami Naito" (Japanese: 恋のアタミナイト)
|October 20, 1996|
|8||"The Nightmare of the Fall Term!!"
Transcription: "Shingakki no Akumu!!" (Japanese: 新学期の悪夢！！)
|October 27, 1996|
|9||"Tsukasa Domyoji Snaps!"
Transcription: "Dōmyōji Tsukasa Kireru!" (Japanese: 道明寺司・キレル！)
|November 10, 1996|
|10||"The Woman Who Gave Up Everything"
Transcription: "Subete o Suteru Hito" (Japanese: すべてを捨てる女性)
|November 17, 1996|
|11||"Love Beyond the Horizon"
Transcription: "Ai wa Ōzora no Kanatahe" (Japanese: 愛は大空の彼方へ)
|November 24, 1996|
|12||"A Date in the Snow"
Transcription: "Dēto!? Yuki no Omotesandō" (Japanese: デート！？ 雪の表参道)
|December 1, 1996|
|13||"Love Moves Too Fast"
Transcription: "Haya Sugiru Koi no Tenkai" (Japanese: はやすぎる恋の展開)
|December 8, 1996|
Transcription: "Sakurako no Kakusareta Himitsu" (Japanese: 桜子の隠された秘密)
|December 15, 1996|
Transcription: "Tottoto Kiena!!" (Japanese: とっとと消えな！！)
|December 22, 1996|
|16||"Please Believe Me!"
Transcription: "Atashi o Shinjite!" (Japanese: あたしを信じて！)
|December 29, 1996|
|17||"Mine at Last"
Transcription: "Yatto Tsukamaeta" (Japanese: やっとつかまえた)
|January 5, 1997|
|18||"Will You Go Out with Me?"
Transcription: "Ore to Tsukiawanai?" (Japanese: 俺とつきあわない？)
|January 12, 1997|
|19||"Be Still My Beating Heart"
Transcription: "Sazameku Mune no Kotori" (Japanese: さざめく胸の小鳥)
|January 19, 1997|
|20||"Night of Betrayal"
Transcription: "Uragiri no Atsui Yoru" (Japanese: 裏切りの暑い夜)
|January 26, 1997|
|21||"The Crime and Punishment of a Kiss"
Transcription: "Kisu to Tsumi to Batsu" (Japanese:キスの罪と罰)
|February 2, 1997|
|22||"A Bewildering First Date!"
Transcription: "Tomadoi no Hatsu Dēto" (Japanese: 戸惑いの初デート)
|February 9, 1997|
|23||"The Arrival of Tsubaki Domyoji!"
Transcription: "Dōmyōji Tsubaki Arawaru!" (Japanese: 道明寺椿あらわる！)
|February 16, 1997|
|24||"Love's Tempest! Being Expelled!?"
Transcription: "Ai no Arashi! Gakuen Tsuihō!?" (Japanese: 愛の嵐！学園追放！？)
|February 23, 1997|
|25||"Two Ways to Love"
Transcription: "Futari Sorezore no Ai" (Japanese: 人・それぞれの愛)
|March 2, 1997|
Transcription: "Nemurenai Futari no Yoru!" (Japanese: 眠れない二人の夜！)
|March 9, 1997|
|27||"Tsukasa Goes to New York!!"
Transcription: "Dōmyōji, Nyū Yōku e!!" (Japanese: 道明寺、Ｎ.Ｙへ！！)
|March 16, 1997|
|28||"Tsukushi Goes to Canada!!"
Transcription: "Tsukushi, Kanada e!!" (Japanese: つくし、カナダへ！！)
|March 23, 1997|
|29||"His Body Against Mine"
Transcription: "Aitsu no Nukumori!" (Japanese: アイツのぬくもり！)
|March 30, 1997|
|30||"Do You Want a Friend?"
Transcription: "Tomodachi, Iranai?" (Japanese: 友だち、いらない？)
|April 6, 1997|
|31||"Shock! Horror! Another Red Card!"
Transcription: "Shōgeki! Nidome no Akafuda" (Japanese: 衝撃！二度目の赤札)
|April 13, 1997|
|32||"Tsukasa Won't Come...?"
Transcription: "Dōmyōji wa Konai?" (Japanese: 道明寺は・・・来ない？)
|April 20, 1997|
|33||"Someday We'll Laugh..."
Transcription: "Itsuka Waraeru hi" (Japanese: いつか笑える日)
|April 27, 1997|
|34||"The Woman in My Life!"
Transcription: "Ore no Daijina Onna Desu!" (Japanese: 俺の大事な女です！)
|May 4, 1997|
|35||"Lovers on the Run!?"
Transcription: "Koi no Tōhikō!?" (Japanese: 恋の逃避行！？)
|May 11, 1997|
|36||"Tsukasa's Mother's Secret Plan"
Transcription: "Tsukasa no Haha no Hisokana Takurami" (Japanese: 司の母の密かな企み)
|May 18, 1997|
|37||"It's Showdown Time!"
Transcription: "Shikumareta Taiketsu!" (Japanese: 仕組まれた対決！)
|May 25, 1997|
|38||"I Will Tame You!!"
Transcription: "Chōkyō Shite Ageru!!" (Japanese: 調教してあげる！！)
|June 1, 1997|
|39||"Love Triangle from Hell!"
Transcription: "Ma no Toraianguru" (Japanese: 魔のトライアングル)
|June 8, 1997|
|40||"The Turning of Love's Tide"
Transcription: "Koi no Hikigiwa Bunkiten" (Japanese: 恋の引き際・分岐点)
|June 15, 1997|
|41||"The Dawning of a New Day"
Transcription: "Atarashī Hibi no Hajimari" (Japanese: 新しい日々の始まり)
|June 20, 1997|
|42||"Surprise! A Double Date!"
Transcription: "Battari! W Dēto" (Japanese: バッタリ！Ｗデート)
|June 29, 1997|
|43||"Deep Wounds of the Heart"
Transcription: "Kokoro no Kizu wa Fukakute Omoi" (Japanese: 心の傷は深くて重い)
|July 6, 1997|
|44||"You're Not the One"
Transcription: "Omae ja Dameda!" (Japanese: おまえじゃダメだ！)
|July 13, 1997|
|45||"Open Up Your Heart"
Transcription: "Sunao ni Nareba?" (Japanese: 素直になれば？)
|July 20, 1997|
Transcription: "Harikēn Sekkinchū!!" (Japanese: ハリケーン接近中！！)
|July 27, 1997|
|47||"New Student Shigeru Causes Shockwave!"
Transcription: "Tenkōsei Shigeru no Hamon!" (Japanese: 転校生・滋の波紋！)
|August 3, 1997|
Transcription: "Ryūgaku Suru Shikanai?!" (Japanese: 留学するしかない？！)
|August 10, 1997|
|49||"Our New Relationship"
Transcription: "Futari no Atarashī Kankei" (Japanese: 二人の新しい関係)
|August 17, 1997|
|50||"Time to Call It Quits"
Transcription: "Mō Oshimai ni Shiyo" (Japanese: もうおしまいにしよ)
|August 24, 1997|
Transcription: "Nebāendingu" (Japanese: ネバーエンディング)
|August 31, 1997|
Live action television and films
- 1995: Hana Yori Dango, feature film, Japan (Set in Tokyo)
- 2001: Meteor Garden on CTS, Taiwan (Set in Taipei)
- 2005: Hana Yori Dango on TBS, Japan (Set in Tokyo)
- 2009: Boys Over Flowers on KBS2, South Korea (Set in Seoul)
- 2018: Meteor Garden on Hunan TV, (Netflix Original), China (Set in Shanghai)
- 2021 (upcoming): F4 Thailand by GMMTV, Thailand
- 2002: Siapa Takut Jatuh Cinta [id] on SCTV, Indonesia
- 2009: Meteor Shower on Hunan TV, China
- 2014: Kaisi Yeh Yaariaan on MTV (India), India
F4 and JVKV
F4 (Flower Four) or JVKV was a Taiwanese boy band consisting of cast members of the 2001 Taiwanese version, Meteor Garden: Jerry Yan, Vanness Wu, Ken Chu, and Vic Chou. It formed in 2001 after the Meteor Garden series ended. They released three albums, Meteor Rain (2001), Fantasy 4ever (2002), and Waiting for You (2007). According to Forbes, F4 has sold 3.5 million copies of their first two albums all over Asia as of July 2003. In 2007, due to copyright issues, the group changed its name to JVKV, using the descending age of the initials of its members.
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- Teaser for Thailand's 'Boys Over Flowers' remake released
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- (in Chinese) F4嫌新称呼JVKV绕口 合体宣传用回本名. May 2, 2007. Retrieved December 30, 2007.
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- Choo, Kukhee (November 2008). "Girls Return Home: Portrayal of Femininity in Popular Japanese Girls' Manga and Anime Texts during the 1990s in Hana Yori Dango and Fruits Basket". Women: A Cultural Review. 19 (3): 275–296. doi:10.1080/09574040802137243. S2CID 194050280.
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