Boysen Dam

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Boysen Dam
Boysen Dam in 2012.jpg
Country United States
Location Fremont County, Wyoming
Coordinates 43°25′02″N 108°10′39″W / 43.41722°N 108.17750°W / 43.41722; -108.17750Coordinates: 43°25′02″N 108°10′39″W / 43.41722°N 108.17750°W / 43.41722; -108.17750
Status In use
Construction began 1947
Opening date 1952
Construction cost $18.5 million
Owner(s) U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Rockfill
Impounds Wind River
Height 220 ft (67 m)
Length 1,143 ft (348 m)
Elevation at crest 4,758 ft (1,450 m)
Width (crest) 30 ft (9.1 m)
Width (base) 919 ft (280 m)
Dam volume 1,527,386 cu yd (1,167,770 m3)
Spillways 2
Spillway type Concrete chute and river outlets
Spillway capacity 26,300 cu ft/s (740 m3/s)
Reservoir
Creates Boysen Reservoir
Total capacity 952,400 acre·ft (1,174,800 dam3)
Active capacity 802,000 acre·ft (989,000 dam3)
Inactive capacity 150,400 acre·ft (185,500 dam3)
Catchment area 7,700 sq mi (20,000 km2)
Surface area 19,560 acres (7,920 ha)
Maximum water depth 117 ft (36 m)
Normal elevation 4,732 ft (1,442 m) (max)
Power station
Turbines 2
Installed capacity 15 MW
Annual generation 37,856,600 KWh

The Boysen Dam is a rockfill dam on the Wind River in the U.S. state of Wyoming. The dam lies at the head of Wind River Canyon through the Owl Creek Mountains in western Wyoming and creates Boysen Reservoir. It is owned by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and furnishes irrigation water supply to the Bighorn Basin as well as providing flood control and hydroelectric power.

History[edit]

The first dam to be built at the Wind River Canyon site was actually in 1908, when Asmus Boysen supervised the construction of a small concrete run-of-the-river structure that generated 710 kilowatts of electricity. This early dam, located just downriver of the present Boysen Dam, silted up by 1925 and was removed in 1948.[1] As early as 1904, the Bureau of Reclamation also made investigative forays into the area for the construction of a dam, although a final report was not completed until 1942. Initially, by a suggestion of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Boysen Dam would be built right over the site of the old dam, but the location was changed to about one and a half miles (2.4 km) upstream in order to reduce cost.[2]

Construction[edit]

Preliminary work for construction of Boysen Dam was begun on September 9, 1946 and included the installation of government buildings, an employee camp, warehouses, electrical transmission lines and the relocation of U.S. Highway 20 and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railway to bypass the construction site. The contract for the dam itself and the rerouting of the rail line was awarded to the Morrison-Knudsen Company for $13.9 million. Most of the preparatory work including foundation excavations and the various camp facilities were completed by the end of autumn 1947, and official groundbreaking was on September 19 of that year.[3]

In February 1948, excavation of the river diversion tunnel began and work continued on the relocation of the railway, which would run under the dam and portions of the future reservoir through a tunnel 7,131 feet (2,174 m) long. By March 1949, the diversion tunnel was successfully complete and the rail realignment mostly finished despite several minor setbacks including a rockslide and a fire that destroyed the concrete mixing plant. On December 23, 1949 a cofferdam across the Wind was finished and the river began flowing through the diversion tunnel, allowing work to proceed on the main section of the dam. As the embankment rose, the train tunnel was completed and opened on September 5, 1950 and work begun on the dam's power plant. Contracts for clearing the reservoir area were awarded beginning in September and came out to about $637,000.[3]

Construction on the powerhouse continued through 1951 and equipment began coming into the dam site beginning in July of that year. The total cost of the generators and other apparatus came to $604,501. The embankment of the dam was completed a month later, and on October 11, 1951, the diversion tunnel was sealed and Boysen Reservoir began to rise. The powerhouse was finished in December 1951 and the entire dam was completed on February 16, 1952 at a cost of $18,576,405.[3] The dam was declared operational on December 11, 1952.

Structure and operations[edit]

View of Boysen Reservoir

Boysen Dam is an earth and rock fill structure 220 feet (67 m) high from the foundations and 1,143 ft (348 m) long. The hydraulic head is only about 117 ft (36 m) because of the great depth to bedrock from the riverbed, thus necessiating a large amount of excavation for the dam foundations. The reservoir has a storage capacity of 952,400 acre feet (1.1748 km3), of which 520,679 acre·ft (0.642248 km3) is reserved for annual flood storage and 144,229 acre·ft (0.177904 km3) for agricultural and municipal uses. The dam provides electricity for regions of Wyoming ranging from Alcova to Thermopolis.[2][4]

The dam also serves an important purpose of flood control, and has prevented about $75 million of damages from its completion to 1998. Its spillway is a concrete lined, over the crest structure controlled by two radial gates with a capacity of 25,000 cubic feet per second (710 m3/s).[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Boysen Reservoir". Wyoming Parks and Cultural Resources. Angler Guide. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  2. ^ a b "Boysen Division". Pick Sloan Missouri Basin Program. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b c Simonds, Joe (1999). "The Boysen Unit - Boysen Division, Pick Sloan Missouri Basin Program" (PDF). Bureau of Reclamation History Program. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  4. ^ "Boysen Dam Dimensions". Boysen Division. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Boysen Dam Hydraulics & Hydrology". Boysen Division. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 

External links[edit]