Aerial view of Bozeman
Location of Bozeman, Montana
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Mayor||Cyndy Andrus|
|• City Manager||Jeff Mihelich|
|• City||20.40 sq mi (52.83 km2)|
|• Land||20.35 sq mi (52.70 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|Elevation||4,820 ft (1,461 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,448.94/sq mi (945.53/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
59715, 59717-59719, 59771-59772
|GNIS feature ID||0769173|
Bozeman is a city and the county seat of Gallatin County, Montana, United States. Located in southwest Montana, the 2010 census put Bozeman's population at 37,280 and by 2019 the population had risen to 49,831, making it the fourth largest city in Montana. It is the principal city of the Bozeman, MT Micropolitan Statistical Area, consisting of all of Gallatin County with a population of 97,304. It is the largest Micropolitan Statistical Area in Montana, the fastest growing Micropolitan Statistical Area in the United States in both 2018 and 2019, and is the third-largest of all Montana's statistical areas.
The city is named after John M. Bozeman, who established the Bozeman Trail and was a founder of the town in August 1864. The town became incorporated in April 1883 with a city council form of government, and in January 1922 transitioned to its current city manager/city commission form of government. Bozeman was elected an All-America City in 2001 by the National Civic League.
For thousands of years indigenous people of the United States, including the Shoshone, Nez Perce, Blackfeet, Flathead, Crow Nation and Sioux traveled through the area, called the "Valley of the Flowers," although the Gallatin Valley, in which Bozeman is located, was primarily within the territory of the Crow people.
William Clark visited the area in July 1806 as he traveled east from Three Forks along the Gallatin River. The party camped 3 miles (4.8 km) east of what is now Bozeman, at the mouth of Kelly Canyon. The journal entries from Clark's party briefly describe the future city's location.
In 1863 John Bozeman, along with a partner named John Jacobs, opened the Bozeman Trail, a new northern trail off the Oregon Trail leading to the mining town of Virginia City through the Gallatin Valley and the future location of the city of Bozeman.
John Bozeman, with Daniel Rouse and William Beall, platted the town in August 1864, stating "standing right in the gate of the mountains ready to swallow up all tenderfeet that would reach the territory from the east, with their golden fleeces to be taken care of." Red Cloud's War closed the Bozeman Trail in 1868, but the town's fertile land still attracted permanent settlers.
In 1866, Nelson Story, a successful Virginia City, Montana, gold miner originally from Ohio, entered the cattle business. Story braved the hostile Bozeman Trail to successfully drive some 1,000 head of longhorn cattle into Paradise Valley just east of Bozeman. Eluding the U.S. Army, who tried to turn Story back to protect the drive from hostile Indians, Story's cattle formed one of the earliest significant herds in Montana's cattle industry. Story established a sizable ranch in the Paradise Valley and holdings in the Gallatin Valley. He later donated land to the state for the establishment of Montana State University – Bozeman.
Fort Ellis , el. 4,987 feet (1,520 m) was established in 1867 by Captain R. S. LaMotte and two companies of the 2nd Cavalry, after the murder of John Bozeman near the mouth of Mission Creek on Yellowstone River , and considerable political disturbance in the area led local settlers and miners to feel a need for added protection. The fort, named for Gettysburg casualty Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis, was decommissioned in 1886 and few remnants are left at the actual site, now occupied by the Fort Ellis Experimental Station of Montana State University. In addition to Fort Ellis, a short-lived fort, Fort Elizabeth Meagher (also simply known as Fort Meagher), was established in 1867 by volunteer militiamen. This fort was located eight miles (13 km) east of town on Rocky Creek. , el. 5,249 feet (1,600 m)
Bozeman's main cemetery, Sunset Hills Cemetery, was gifted to the city in 1872 when the English lawyer and philanthropist William Henry Blackmore purchased the land after his wife Mary Blackmore died of pneumonia in Bozeman in July 1872.
The first library in Bozeman was formed by the Young Men's Library Association in a room above a drugstore in 1872. It later moved to the mayor's office and was taken over by the city in 1890. The first Grange meeting in Montana Territory was held in Bozeman in 1873. The Northern Pacific Railway reached Bozeman from the east in 1883. By 1900 Bozeman's population reached 3,500.
In 1892 the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries established a fish hatchery on Bridger Creek at the entrance to Bridger Canyon. The fourth oldest fish hatchery in the United States, the facility ceased to be primarily a hatchery in 1966 and became the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Bozeman National Fish Hatchery, later a fish technology and fish health center. The Center receives approximately 5000 visitors a year observing biologists working on diet testing, feed manufacturing technology, fish diseases, brood stock development and improvement of water quality.
Montana State University - Bozeman was established in 1893 as the state's land-grant college, then named the Agricultural College of the State of Montana. By the 1920s, the institution was known as Montana State College, and in 1965 it became Montana State University.
Bozeman's first high school, the Gallatin Valley High School, was built on West Main Street in 1902. Later known as Willson School, named for notable Bozeman architect Fred Fielding Willson, son of Lester S. Willson, the building still stands today and functions as administrative offices for the Bozeman School District.
In the early 20th century, over 17,000 acres (69 km2) of the Gallatin Valley were planted in edible peas harvested for both canning and seed. By the 1920s, canneries in the Bozeman area were major producers of canned peas, and at one point Bozeman produced approximately 75% of all seed peas in the United States. The area was once known as the "Sweet Pea capital of the nation" referencing the prolific edible pea crop. To promote the area and celebrate its prosperity, local business owners began a "Sweet Pea Carnival" that included a parade and queen contest. The annual event lasted from 1906 to 1916. Promoters used the inedible but fragrant and colorful sweet pea flower as an emblem of the celebration. In 1977 the "Sweet Pea" concept was revived as an arts festival rather than a harvest celebration, growing into a three-day event that is one of the largest festivals in Montana.
The first federal building and Post Office was built in 1915. Many years later, while empty, it was a film location, along with downtown Bozeman, in A River Runs Through It (1992) by Robert Redford, starring Brad Pitt. It is now used by HRDC, a community organization.
The Bridger Bowl Ski Area operates as a 501(c)(4) organization by the Bridger Bowl Association, and is located on the northeast face of the Bridger Mountains, utilizing state and federal land. Bridger Bowl was Bozeman's first ski area and opened to the public in 1955. In 1973 news anchorman Chet Huntley created the Big Sky Ski Resort off Gallatin Canyon 40 miles (64 km) south of Bozeman. The resort has grown considerably since 1973 into a residential community and major winter tourist destination.
In 1986 the 60 acres (24 ha) site of the Idaho Pole Co. on Rouse Avenue, was designated a Superfund site and placed on the National Priorities List. Idaho Pole treated wood products with creosote and pentachlorophenol on the site between 1945 and 1997.
The Museum of the Rockies was created in 1957 as the gift from Butte physician Caroline McGill and is a part of Montana State University and an affiliate institution of the Smithsonian. It is Montana's premier natural and cultural history museum and houses permanent exhibits on dinosaurs, geology and Montana history, as well as a planetarium and a living history farm. Paleontologist Jack Horner was the museum's first curator of paleontology and brought national notice to the museum for his fossil discoveries in the 1980s.
Bozeman receives a steady influx of new residents and visitors in part due to its plentiful recreational activities such as fly fishing, hiking, whitewater kayaking, and mountain climbing. Additionally, Bozeman is a gateway community through which visitors pass on the way to Yellowstone National Park and its abundant wildlife and thermal features. The showcasing of spectacular scenery and the western way of life the area received from films set nearby, such as A River Runs Through It and The Horse Whisperer, have also served to draw people to the area.
In the past forty years, Bozeman has grown from the sixth- to the fourth-largest city in Montana. The area attracts new residents due to quality of life, scenery, and nearby recreation. In August 2010, Bozeman was selected by Outside as the best place to live in the west for skiing.
Growth in the Gallatin Valley prompted the Gallatin Airport Authority in 2009 to expand the Gallatin Field Airport with two new gates, an expanded passenger screening area, and a third baggage carousel. Gallatin Field was subsequently renamed Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport. Bozeman has been one of Montana's fastest growing cities from 1990 into the new millennium. At the rate of three percent, Bozeman could surpass Great Falls as Montana's third largest city by 2025.
Geography and climate
Bozeman is located at an elevation of 4,820 feet or 1,470 metres. The Bridger Mountains are to the north-northeast, the Tobacco Root Mountains to the west-south-west, the Big Belt Mountains and Horseshoe Hills to the northwest, the Hyalite Peaks of the northern Gallatin Range to the south and the Spanish Peaks of the northern Madison Range to the south-southwest. Bozeman is east of the continental divide, and Interstate 90 passes through the city. It is 84 miles (135 km) east of Butte, 125 miles (201 km) west of Billings, and 93 miles (150 km) north of Yellowstone National Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.15 square miles (49.60 km2), of which 19.12 square miles (49.52 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.
Bozeman experiences a dry continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Bozeman and the surrounding area receives significantly higher rainfall than much of the central and eastern parts of the state, up to 24 inches or 610 millimetres of precipitation annually vs. the 8 to 12 inches (200 to 300 mm) common throughout much of Montana east of the Continental Divide. Combined with fertile soils, plant growth is relatively lush. This undoubtedly contributed to the early nickname "Valley of the Flowers" and the establishment of MSU as the state's agricultural college. Bozeman has cold, snowy winters and relatively warm summers, though due to elevation, temperature changes from day to night can be significant. The highest temperature ever recorded in Bozeman was 105 °F (40.6 °C) on July 31, 1892. The lowest recorded temperature, −43 °F (−41.7 °C), occurred on February 8, 1936.
|Climate data for Bozeman Montana State University (Western Regional Climate Center station), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1892–present|
|Record high °F (°C)||65
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||52.9
|Average high °F (°C)||35.6
|Daily mean °F (°C)||25.4
|Average low °F (°C)||15.2
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||−10.2
|Record low °F (°C)||−36
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.82
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||12.88
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.)||9.3||8.0||11.1||12.2||15.1||14.5||10.4||10.9||9.4||9.4||9.9||9.8||130.3|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in.)||8.6||7.4||9.0||6.8||2.2||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.7||3.1||6.9||8.6||51.5|
|Source 1: NOAA|
|Source 2: The Weather Channel (Records)|
As of the census of 2010, there were 37,280 people, 15,775 households, and 6,900 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,949.8 inhabitants per square mile (752.8/km2). There were 17,464 housing units at an average density of 913.4 per square mile (352.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.6% White, 0.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 15,775 households, of which 21.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 56.3% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 27.2 years. 15.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 28.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.4% were from 25 to 44; 16.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.6% male and 47.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 27,509 people, 10,877 households, and 5,014 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,183.8 people per square mile (843.0/km2). There were 11,577 housing units at an average density of 919.0 per square mile (354.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.73% White, 0.33% African American, 1.24% Native American, 1.62% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.59% of the population.
There were 10,877 households, out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.9% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 16.0% under the age of 18, 33.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,156, and the median income for a family was $41,723. Males had a median income of $28,794 versus $20,743 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,104. About 9.2% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
Bozeman became an incorporated Montana city in April 1883 and adopted a city council form of government. Currently, the City of Bozeman uses a city commission/city manager form of government which the citizens adopted on January 1, 1922 with an elected Municipal Judge. The City Commission is chaired by an elected Mayor. These three entities form the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.
- Finance Department – Provides financial administration, treasury and accounting services, grant administration and sustainability management.
- Fire Department – Bozeman is served by the Bozeman Fire Department which is a full-time career fire department. There are currently 39 uniformed firefighters at three stations, four engines (one reserve), a ladder truck, a Battalion Suburban, a brush truck, a HazMat unit, and a Medic Unit. The Bozeman Fire Department responded to approximately 3,900 emergency calls in 2014.
- Park, Recreation and Cemetery Department – Operates the Sunset Hills Cemetery, maintains public parks throughout the city to include the East Gallatin Recreation Area and conducts recreational programs for the citizens of Bozeman.
- Public Service Department – Provides engineering, forestry, signs and signals, solid waste, street, vehicle maintenance, water reclamation, water and sewer and water treatment services for the citizens of Bozeman.
- The Bozeman Public School District operates two high schools – Bozeman High School and Gallatin County High School (Bozeman, Montana)Gallatin High School; two middle schools—Chief Joseph Middle School and Sacajawea Middle School; and eight elementary schools – Emily Dickinson Elementary School, Hawthorne Elementary School, Hyalite Elementary School, Irving Elementary School, Longfellow Elementary School, Meadowlark Elementary School, Morning Star Elementary School, and Whittier Elementary School.
- The district also operates the Bridger Alternative Program as a branch campus of Bozeman High School to serve "at-risk" secondary students.
- The former Emerson Elementary School is now a cultural community center. Willson School, originally a high school, then a middle school, then the base for an alternative high school, is still owned by the school district and houses a number of school district offices.
- Mount Ellis Academy is a co-educational boarding high school (grades 9 through 12) affiliated with the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and Headwaters Academy near the campus of Montana State University.
- Bozeman is home to Montana State University, the state's largest university and the flagship campus of the Montana State University System. MSU set a new fall enrollment record in the fall of 2018, at a total of 16,902 students on campus.
- Newspapers and Magazines
- Bozeman Avant Courier – published 1871–1905
- The Republican-courier – published 1905–1913
- The Bozeman Courier – publisher 1919–1954
- Bozeman Daily Chronicle
- Bozeman Magazine is a free monthly publication.
- The BoZone Entertainment and Events Calendar has been publishing since 1993, a free biweekly publication owned by Bozeman Entertainment, LLC.
- The Montana Pioneer is a monthly newspaper of some decades' history, based in nearby Livingston but serving both areas.
- AM Radio
- KBOZ 1090, (Talk/Personality), Reier Broadcasting Company
- KOBB 1230, (sports talk), Reier Broadcasting Company
- KPRK AM 1340, (Classic Hits), Townsquare Media
- KMMS 1450, (News/Talk), Townsquare Media
- FM Radio
- KXLB 100.7, (Country music), Townsquare Media
- KBMC (FM) 102.1, (Variety), Montana State University-Billings
- KZMY 103.5, (Hot Adult Contemporary), Townsquare Media
- KBZM 104.7, (Classic Rock), Orion Media LLC
- KKQX 105.7, (Classic Rock), Orion Media LLC
- KSCY 106.9, (Country music), Orion Media LLC
- KOZB 97.5, (Classic rock), Reier Broadcasting Company
- KBOZ-FM 99.9, (Country music), Reier Broadcasting Company
- KOBB-FM 93.7, (Oldies), Reier Broadcasting Company
- KDBZ-CD 6 NBC, Sinclair Broadcast Group
- KBZK 7 CBS, Evening Post Publishing Company
- KUSM 9 PBS, Montana State University – Bozeman
- KWYB-LD 28-1 ABC, Cowles Company (LP relay from Butte)
- KWYB-LD 28-2 FOX
Appearance in art, literature and media
The Bozeman area has served as a filming site for a number of films, including The Wildest Dream, A River Runs Through It, A Plumm Summer and Amazing Grace and Chuck. Aside from being shot in Bozeman, A Plumm Summer featured two local actors, Ben Trotter and John Hosking, as well as many local extras. Films shot in the nearby Paradise Valley south of Livingston and Big Timber areas, such as The Horse Whisperer and Rancho Deluxe also headquartered out of Bozeman due to its status as the largest community in the local trade area.
In popular music, the members of the noise rock group Steel Pole Bath Tub are originally from Bozeman, and wrote a song titled "Bozeman" on their third album, The Miracle of Sound in Motion. The 1980s hard rock band Vixen also featured a former Bozeman resident, Janet Gardner, as lead singer.
Literary references include the Bozeman area and real-life Bozeman artists Bob and Gennie DeWeese as a key setting in Robert Pirsig's novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance; the narrator was a professor teaching English composition while developing his philosophical ideas, reflecting the author's own history; Pirsig taught at Montana State. John Steinbeck passed through Bozeman via the former U.S. Route 10 as well as venturing into Yellowstone National Park, and recounted his impressions of Montana in Travels with Charley.
Bozeman has been referenced in the science fiction franchise Star Trek, most likely due to the influence of writer Brannon Braga, a native of Bozeman. Per the Star Trek: Enterprise episode "Desert Crossing", the Bozeman area was the fictional site of Earth's first contact with an alien species (the Vulcans) on April 5, 2063, as recounted in the film Star Trek: First Contact, though the movie was not filmed in Montana. A starship named the USS Bozeman appears in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Cause and Effect"; it is mentioned in the episode "All Good Things ...", the films Star Trek Generations and Star Trek: First Contact, and the First Contact prequel novel Ship of the Line by Diane Carey.
Bozeman was featured in The Big Bang Theory episode "The Bozeman Reaction", an episode where Sheldon Cooper briefly moves to Bozeman. It is also featured and mentioned in some episodes of CSI: NY, as the hometown of the character Lindsay Monroe.
Bozeman was also featured in the 2017 Grey's Anatomy episode, "Who Is He (And What Is He to You)?". Doctors April Kepner and Jackson Avery travel to Bozeman to help a young patient in need of a throat transplant. Jackson opted to travel there instead of transporting the patient to Grey Sloan Memorial Hospital in Seattle because his estranged father owned a diner near to the Avery hospital where the girl was being treated.
National media coverage
On March 5, 2009, the city of Bozeman made national news when an early morning explosion destroyed three buildings in the historic downtown area. Several other buildings were damaged and one person was killed. The blast occurred at about 8:15 a.m. and prompted the evacuation of a two-block area. Investigators found the cause of the explosion to be a leak in a gas line that led to a business that was destroyed in the blast. The gas line was more than 70 years old. Business owners and local residents later filed major lawsuits against Northwestern Energy, the company in charge of the gas line. The suits claimed negligence for the gas leak that led to the blast. As of December 2010, most of the lawsuits against the energy company were settled.
In June of the same year, Bozeman was once again in the national news when it was reported that the city government was requesting job applicants provide their user names and passwords to social networking sites. A passage from the city's application form said, "Please list any and all current personal or business Web sites, web pages or memberships on any Internet-based chat rooms, social clubs or forums, to include, but not limited to: Facebook, Google, Yahoo, YouTube.com, MySpace, etc."
After the initial news story aired, the Bozeman City Commissioner received e-mails and phone calls expressing indignation about the practice from across the nation. Bozeman residents were astonished and alarmed by the request. The local government believed the practice had been going on as part of a background search for about three years. In response to the negative backlash from the news media and local citizens, the city rescinded the policy on June 20, 2009, just two days after the news broke.
Bozeman straddles east-west Interstate 90 and is approximately 85 miles (137 km) east of north-south Interstate 15 in Butte, Montana. U.S. Highway 191 connects Bozeman with Big Sky and West Yellowstone to the south. Bozeman is serviced by Montana Rail Link, a privately held, Class II railroad that connects Spokane, Washington with Huntley, Montana. Bozeman has operated a free public bus system called Streamline since 2006. Streamline operates four routes covering the University, Bozeman-Deaconess Hospital, Gallatin Valley Mall, 7th Avenue and 19th Avenue shopping areas, and downtown. The system is funded by a variety of Federal, State, and local sources. The Gallatin Big Sky Transportation District has operated the Skyline bus service between Bozeman and Big Sky since December 2006.
One of the three major regional airports serving southwest Montana is Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport  located 8 miles (13 km) west of Bozeman on the outskirts of Belgrade, Montana. It primarily serves travelers to Bozeman, Big Sky, West Yellowstone and Yellowstone National Park. A smaller commercial airport is located in West Yellowstone, 90 mi (140 km) south of Bozeman.
The following individuals are either notable current or former residents of Bozeman (R), were born or raised in Bozeman in their early years (B), or otherwise have a significant connection to the history of the Bozeman area (C).
- Sports personalities
- Conrad Anker, mountaineer C
- Brock Coyle, linebacker for San Francisco 49ers, Seattle Seahawks B
- Jeff Fisher, Head Coach for Tennessee Titans and Los Angeles Rams R
- Nikki Kimball, distance runner R
- Dane Fletcher, linebacker for New England Patriots, Tampa Bay Buccaneers B
- Alex Lowe, ice-climber and alpinist R
- Darren Main, yoga instructor R
- Mike McLeod, former NFL safety B
- Heather McPhie, freestyle skier, member of 2010 US Olympic team B
- Phil Olsen, former National Football League lineman R
- Willie Saunders, Bozeman-born Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame jockey, won U.S. Triple Crown B
- Tejay van Garderen, professional cyclist R
- Jan Stenerud, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame, AFL and NFL placekicker for Kansas City Chiefs, Green Bay Packers and Minnesota Vikings; winner of Super Bowl IV R
- Kevin Sweeney, former quarterback for Dallas Cowboys B
- Will Dissly, Tight End for Seattle Seahawks B
- Military and pioneers
- Travis Atkins, Medal of Honor recipient R
- John Bozeman, pioneer and founder of the Bozeman Trail C
- Henry Comstock, a discoverer of Comstock Lode died (suicide) in Bozeman on September 29, 1870 C
- Gustavus Cheyney Doane, member of Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition 1870 and buried in Sunset Hills Cemetery, Bozeman
- Nelson Story, prominent cattleman and merchant in Bozeman's early years R
- Lester S. Willson, prominent merchant in Bozeman's early years R
- Arts, culture and entertainment
- Kris Atteberry, MLB broadcaster, one of only two Montanans to call an MLB game B
- Brannon Braga, writer and producer of Star Trek television shows and films B
- Deborah Butterfield, sculptor known for use of horses in artwork R
- Gary Cooper, film actor, attended Gallatin Valley High School in Bozeman R
- Daniella Deutscher, actress B
- Pablo Elvira, opera singer R
- Landon Jones, journalist and author R
- Donna Kelley, former CNN anchor and current KBZK anchor. R
- Jane Lawrence, actress and opera singer B
- Jason Lytle, lead singer of Modesto band, Grandaddy; solo artist R
- John Mayer, Recording artist and songwriter R
- Ben Mikaelsen, author R
- Albert, Alfred and Chris Schlechten multi-generation family of photographers noted for portraiture and images of Yellowstone National Park and the Gallatin Valley. R, R, B
- Christopher Parkening, guitarist, fly casting champion R
- David Quammen, long-time columnist for Outside magazine, and author R
- James Willard Schultz, author and Glacier National Park explorer, lived in Bozeman 1928–29 with partner Jessica McDonald, professor at Montana State; R Schultz's papers are archived at Montana State Burlingame Special Collections Library.
- Michael Spears, actor R
- Eddie Spears, actor R
- Julia Thorne, writer and ex-wife of 2004 Democratic Presidential candidate John Kerry R
- Kathy Tyers, writer, particularly known for contribution to Star Wars series R
- Peter Voulkos, ceramic artist B
- Sarah Vowell, author, regular on This American Life, voice actress from The Incredibles, B
- Dave Walker, musician R
- Steven Rinella, American outdoorsman, conservationist, writer, and television personality
- Science and academia
- Loren Acton, astronaut and physicist R
- Zefram Cochrane, first (April 5, 2063) terrestrial warp drive pilot
- Don G. Despain, botanist, ecologist, and fire behavior specialist R
- Christopher Langan, scientist with one of highest recorded IQs; was born in San Francisco but grew up mostly in Bozeman
- Diana L. Eck, Professor of Comparative Religion at Harvard University B
- Dr. James A. Henshall, first superintendent of Bozeman Fish Technology Center C
- Alice Haskins, government botanist and professor R
- Jack Horner, preeminent paleontologist upon whom main character, Dr. Alan Grant, in book and film Jurassic Park was patterned R
- Dale W. Jorgenson, Harvard University professor and economist B
- Robert M. Pirsig, author and past instructor of English and rhetoric at Montana State University R
- Ann Linnea Sandberg, immunologist R
- Gary Allan Strobel, Emeritus Professor, Montana State University, -global contributions in agriculture and medicine
- Politics, government and business
- Brooke D. Anderson, former Ambassador to the United Nations
- Les AuCoin, former U.S. congressman from Oregon R
- John Bohlinger, Lieutenant Governor of Montana B
- Dorothy Bradley, former state legislator, congressional and gubernatorial candidate R
- Will Brooke, former chief of staff of Conrad Burns R
- Steve Daines, entrepreneur, business leader and Montana's current junior Senator B
- Zales Ecton, Republican politician in the 1930s B
- Greg Gianforte, Republican politician representing Montana's at-large district in the U.S. House of Representatives R
- Charles S. Hartman, United States Congressman from Montana R
- Christopher Hedrick, entrepreneur and international development expert R
- Stan Jones, Libertarian Party candidate for Montana governor and United States Senator R
- Vanessa Kerry, daughter of politician John Kerry R
- Michael McFaul, former United States Ambassador to Russia R
- Scott Sales, former Speaker of the Montana House of Representatives R
- Raymond Strother, Democratic political consultant R
- Sidney Runyan Thomas, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit B
- Ted Turner, entrepreneur (Ted's Montana Grill) and founder of cable television empires including CNN and TBS R
- Fred F. Willson, designed many notable buildings in Bozeman between 1902 and 1956. R
- Ben Minden, cowboy R
Business and industry
Bozeman's employers include Montana State University as well as at least two dozen high-tech companies engaged in research or production of lasers and other optical equipment, over a dozen bio-tech companies, and several large software companies. Nationally known companies based in Bozeman include ILX Lightwave (an MKS/Newport company), Quantel USA, RightNow Technologies, and Simms Fishing Products. Notable non-profit organizations based in Bozeman include the Greater Yellowstone Coalition, Human Resource Development Council (HRDC) and Eagle Mount.
Points of interest
- Museums and gardens
- Ski areas
- Universities and colleges
- Gibson Guitar Factory
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Fish Technology Center, established 1892,
- Sweet Pea-A Festival of the Arts—Annual festival held in Bozeman annually since 1977. The Sweet Pea Carnival was first established in 1906.
- Hyalite Canyon and Reservoir
- East Gallatin Recreation Area
- "Bozeman, Montana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Census 2010 News – U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Montana's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting". Archived from the original on October 4, 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "Policom 2019-Economic-Strength-Rankings" (PDF). policom.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Bozeman". Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 17, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. A History. Helena, MT: Falcon Press Publishers. pp. 1–2. ISBN 1-56044-540-8.
- "Lewis and Clark, Bozeman and the Museum of the Rockies". Travel Montana. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
- Freeman, Cortlandt L. (1988). The Growing Up Years The First 100 Years of Bozeman as an Incorporated City from 1883 to 1983. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. pp. 62–65.
- Kennedy, Michael S. (1964). "Tall in the Saddle-First Trail Drive to Montana Territory". Cowboys and Cattlemen-A Roundup from Montana The Magazine of Western History. New York: Hastings House Publishing. pp. 103–111.
- Wellman, Paul I. (1939). "IX-Men Who Didn't Care". The Trampling Herd. Philadelphia, PA: J. P. Lippincott. pp. 94–106.
- "Fort Ellis". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. A History. Helena, MT: Falcon Press Publishers. pp. 102–103. ISBN 1-56044-540-8.
- "Mission Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Siebel, Dennis (1996). Fort Ellis, Montana Territory (1867–1886) – The Fort That Guarded Bozeman. Bozeman, Montana: Gallatin County Historical Association. p. 44.
- "Fort Elizabeth Meagher". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Putnam, James Bruce (1988). The Evolution of a Frontier Town: Bozeman, Montana and Its Search For Economic Stability 1864–1887. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. p. 28.
- Thomas B. Brook. "Thomas Brook Photographs Collection 771 – Montana State University Libraries". Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- Freeman, Cortlandt L. (1988). The Growing Up Years The First 100 Years of Bozeman as an Incorporated City from 1883 to 1983. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. p. 67.
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. A History. Helena, MT: Falcon Press Publishers. p. 129. ISBN 1-56044-540-8.
- Mulvaney, Tom (2009). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publishing. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-7385-7084-6.
- "Fish Technology Center-Outreach". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Fish Technology Center". Montana River Action. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- "Montana State University History". Montana State History. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- Jenks, Jim (2007). A Guide to Historic Bozeman. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. pp. 26–33. ISBN 978-0-9721522-3-5.
- Hurlbut, Brian; Seabring Davis (2009). Insiders' Guide to Yellowstone and Grand Teton. Globe Pequot. pp. 179–181. ISBN 978-0-7627-5041-2.
- Jenks, Jim (2007). A Guide to Historic Bozeman. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-0-9721522-3-5.
- "Bridger Bowl Ski Area". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Bridger Bowl Association". Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- Jenks, Jim (2007). A Guide to Historic Bozeman. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-9721522-3-5.
- "Big Sky Ski Resort". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Superfund Program-Idaho Pole Co". Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "Museum of the Rockies to become Smithsonian affiliate". Helena Independent Record. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 26, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Bozeman (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Archived from the original on June 18, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Best Towns 2010". Outside Magazine. Archived from the original on January 14, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "Airport Expansion Ramping Up-October 28, 2009". Bozeman Chronicle. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- Bacaj, Jason (December 9, 2011). "Gallatin Airport Authority approves airport name change". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- "Bozeman, Montana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Bozeman Series". National Cooperative Soil Survey. Archived from the original on October 14, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Montana State University History". Montana State University. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Bozeman, Montana Period of Record Daily Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "1981–2010 Normals". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- "Monthly Averages for Bozeman, MT". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 128.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.[dead link]
- Freeman, Cortlandt L. (1988). The Growing Up Years The First 100 Years of Bozeman as an Incorporated City from 1883 to 1983. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. pp. 68–69.
- Freeman, Cortlandt L. (1988). The Growing Up Years The First 100 Years of Bozeman as an Incorporated City from 1883 to 1983. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society. p. 77.
- "Bozeman City Government". City of Bozeman. Archived from the original on November 27, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "City of Bozeman Finance Department". City of Bozeman. Archived from the original on December 14, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- "Bozeman Fire Department". City of Bozeman. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "City of Bozeman Parks, Recreation and Cemetery Department". Archived from the original on November 21, 2010. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
- "City of Bozeman Public Services Department". City of Bozeman. Archived from the original on December 27, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Bozeman School District-Our Schools". Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- "Bozeman School District-High Schools". Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
- "About Bozeman Avant Courier". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "About The Republican Courier". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "About The Bozeman Courier". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "Radio Stations near the city of Bozeman MT". OnTheRadio.net. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "Butte-Bozeman TV Stations". Station Index-The Broadcasting Website. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
- "The Wildest Dream". MoviesPlanet. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Movies made in Montana". MontanaKids.com. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "Feature films shot in Montana". Film Montana Office. Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Big Sky Conference". Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Henry Gurr presentation". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Robert M. Pirsig´s Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance and the term ´Chautauqua´". Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Travels Without Charley – Montana: Love at first sight". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. October 24, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Robbins, Jim (March 17, 2009). "Fatal Blast Wounds a City to Its Core". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Boyce, Dan (December 9, 2010). "Most lawsuits against NorthWestern Energy for downtown Bozeman explosion settled". KTVQ. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Gouras, Matt (June 19, 2009). "Montana City Asks Job Applicants For Facebook passwords". HuffPost. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Heussner, Kimae (June 19, 2009). "Montana City Asks Jobb Applicants for Online Passwords". ABC News. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Weinstein, Natalie (June 20, 2009). "Bozeman to job seekers: We won't seek passwords". CNET. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "Streamline". Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Skyline bus service schedule between Bozeman and Big Sky announced". Montana State University News Service. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- "Gallatin Field Airport". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- Lamothe, Dan (March 27, 2019). "Soldier's posthumous Medal of Honor highlights the Pentagon's struggles to fully recognize valor in combat". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
On Wednesday, Atkins, of Bozeman, Montana, posthumously became the fifth U.S. service member to receive the nation's highest award for combat valor, the Medal of Honor, for actions during the Iraq War.
- Stout, Tom (1921). History of Montana. I. New York: American Historical Society. p. 322.
- "Gary Cooper-Cool Montana Stories". Montanakids.com. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- Author Ben Mikaelsen Archived February 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- "Photo Archives – Museum of the Rockies". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011.
- Hanna, Warren L. (1986). "Life with Apaki". The Life and Times of James Willard Schultz (Apikuni). Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 233–248. ISBN 0-8061-1985-3.
- "Collection 10 – James Willard Schultz Papers, 1867–1969". MSU Libraries. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "Native Stars: The Spears Brothers – Rising Stars Call Bozeman Home" The Montana Pioneer, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 28, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) February 2014.
- "Sarah Vowell". transom.org. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "Sarah Vowell-Author of The Partly Cloudy Patriot talks with Robert Birnbaum". identitytheory.com. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- "MSU PHYSICS FACULTY – LOREN ACTON". montana.edu.
- "Biographies". The Smith Alumnae Quarterly. Smith College. 30–31: 444. 1938. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "List of members of the American Phytopathological Society". Phytopathology. 3: 330. 1913.
- "Ex-lawmaker Dorothy Bradley named to NorthWestern board, Missoulian Online, April 22, 2009, accessed June 29, 2009
- "Raymond Strother: Political Strategist/Author (1940)". Museum of the Gulf Coast. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- Turner Enterprises, Ranches FAQ Archived April 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ted Turner grand marshal of Livingston parade" Great Falls Tribune, June 26, 2009[dead link]
- "Montana optics-related companies".
- "High-tech clusters spur growth in western Montana". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
- "Gallatin Historical SocietyThe Pioneer Museum". Gallatin Historical Society. Archived from the original on April 19, 2000. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Story Mansion History". Friends of the Story Mansion. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "Bozeman Public Library". Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Montana State University Libraries". Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- "Sweet Pea-History". Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Smith, Phyllis (1997). Sweet Pea Days: A History. Bozeman, MT: Gallatin County Historical Society. p. 1.
- Burlingame, Merrill G. (1976). Gallatin County Heritage-A Report of Progress 1805–1976. Gallatin County Bicentennial Committee.
- Putnam, James Bruce (1988). The Evolution of a Frontier Town: Bozeman, Montana and Its Search For Economic Stability 1864–1887. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society.
- Freeman, Cortlandt L. (1988). The Growing Up Years The First 100 Years of Bozeman as an Incorporated City from 1883 to 1983. Bozeman, MT: Montana Centennial Commission Gallatin County Historical Society.
- Bates, Grace (1994). Gallatin County-Places and Things Present and Past. Gallatin County Historical Society. ISBN 0-930401-78-6.
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman Names Have A History. Bozeman, MT: Gallatin County Historical Society.
- Smith, Phyllis (1996). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. A History. Helena, MT: Falcon Press Publishers. ISBN 1-56044-540-8.
- Smith, Phyllis (1997). Sweet Pea Days: A History. Bozeman, MT: Gallatin County Historical Society.
- Jenks, Jim (2007). A Guide to Historic Bozeman. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0-9721522-3-5.
- Malloy, Denise Glaser (2008). Images of America-Bozeman. Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-4844-9.
- Mulvaney, Tom (2009). Bozeman and the Gallatin Valley. Chicago, IL: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7084-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bozeman, Montana.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bozeman.|
Bozeman travel guide from Wikivoyage