Location of Bozhou City jurisdiction in Anhui
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Qiaocheng District
|• Mayor||Liu Jian (刘健)|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,522.58 km2 (3,290.59 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,262.9 km2 (873.7 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,262.9 km2 (873.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,850,657|
|• Urban density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Area code(s)||(+86) 558|
|License Plate Prefix||皖S|
Bozhou (Chinese: 亳州; pinyin: Bózhōu) is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui, China. It borders Huaibei to the northeast, Bengbu to the southeast, Huainan to the south, Fuyang to the southwest, and Henan to the north. Its population was 4,850,657 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,409,436 lived in the built-up area made of Qiaocheng urban district, even though the county remains largely rural.
|English Name||Chinese Name||Pin yin||Post Code|
|Qiaocheng District||谯城区||Qiáochéng Qū||236800|
|Guoyang County||涡阳县||Guōyáng Xiàn||233600|
|Lixin County||利辛县||Lìxīn Xiàn||236700|
|Mengcheng County||蒙城县||Méngchéng Xiàn||233500|
Bozhou features a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with four distinct seasons. With an annual mean temperature of 14.66 °C (58.4 °F), the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 0.6 °C (33.1 °F) in January to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in August. Winters are damp and cold (yet the precipitation is low) while summers are hot and humid. Rainfall is heavily concentrated in the warmer months, as more than half of the annual total occurs from June to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 46% in January and March to 54% in May, the city receives 2,242 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Bozhou (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||16.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.1||5.0||6.8||6.5||7.6||8.5||12.2||10.5||7.8||7.0||5.4||3.9||85.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||68||66||66||66||68||69||81||82||77||74||70||67||71.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||145.0||145.4||171.0||206.2||231.4||222.9||212.8||215.7||189.8||187.4||161.8||152.2||2,241.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||46||47||46||53||54||52||49||52||51||53||52||50||50.4|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
In 1355, during the Yuan dynasty, Han Lin'er (韓林兒) was proclaimed by Liu Futong (劉福通) to be the Emperor of Great Song (大宋, a reference to the extinct Song dynasty) with the regnal year Longfeng (龍鳳 "dragon and fenghuang"). Chao was nicknamed "The Little Ming King" (小明王).
In 1368, Bo Prefecture was downgraded in status and became a county. In 1496, it was again upgraded to a prefecture then later lowered to a county in 1912 when it became Bo County. In May 1986, it was upgraded to a county-level city administered by Fuyang (阜阳地区). In 1996, Bozhou was upgraded to a provincially directly administered city (省直辖市), under the control of Fuyang City on behalf of the province. The province has directly administered Bozhou since February 1998. In June 2000, Bozhou was made a prefecture-level city.
Bozhou is currently the capital of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in mainland China, with one of the largest TCM industries in the country. In 2008 companies based in Bozhou exported over 160,000 tons of products (out of total Chinese exports of 240,000 tons). Whilst relatively undeveloped in terms of westernisation, Bozhou continues to be the primary location for TCM within China. The international TCM Expo is held in Bozhou on the 9th of September each year which sees delegates from around the world coming to discuss TCM.
The city is located on two main Chinese train routes running from Beijing to the south and from the east to Shanghai which facilitate the easy transportation of goods and people.
Bozhou's population currently stands at around the three million mark which makes it small by Chinese standards. Whilst Bozhou is currently developing and expanding, it still has few internationally recognized brands based in the city.
- Cao Cao (155 - 220), last chancellor and de facto ruler of the Eastern Han Dynasty
- Hua Tuo (110 - 208 (estimated)), renowned Eastern Han Dynasty physician, first inventor of general anaesthesia
- Hua Mulan, legendary heroine who disguised herself as a man in order to replace her father in the army draft