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|• Mayor||Dieter Freytag (SPD)|
|• Total||36.12 km2 (13.95 sq mi)|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Brühl (help·info) is a town in the Rhineland, Germany. It is located in the district of Rhine-Erft, 20 km south of the Cologne city center and at the edge of the Rhineland Nature Park, a famous nature reserve.
Brühl received its town privileges in 1285. From 1567 on, the city of Brühl was the official residence of the Prince Bishops of Cologne. In the 18th century the Prince Bishop Clemens August replaced a former ruined castle and built the Augustusburg and Falkenlust palaces near the city center. Today, both are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Until 1990 Augustusburg Palace was used by the federal government to receive foreign heads of states visiting West Germany.
- The amusement park Phantasialand.
- The Max Ernst Museum, opened in 2005. It displays sculptures and paintings of the surrealistic artist Max Ernst (who was born in Brühl) and other modern art.
- Local history and pottery are shown in two small museums in the city center.
- Max Ernst (1891–1976), painter and sculptor
- Else Schmitt (1921–1995), politician (SPD) and a district mayor in Cologne
- Josef Engel (1922–1978), historian
- Helmut Müller-Brühl (1933–2012), conductor and initiator of the Brühler Schlosskonzerte at the Augustusburg Palace
- Erika Reihlen (born 1936), theologian and former president of the German Protestant Church Day
- Wolfgang Streeck (born 1946), sociologist
- Reiner Calmund (born 1948), football coach and former manager of Bayer 04 Leverkusen
- Hans Leyendecker (born 1949), journalist
- Heinz-Josef Kehr (1950–2014), footballer
- Patric Hemgesberg (born 1973), lyricist
Brühl has five international twin towns:
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
Media related to Brühl (Rheinland) at Wikimedia Commons
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brühl.|