|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Anto Domić|
|• President of the District Assembly||Esad Atić (SDP)|
| • International Supervisor
|• City||402 km2 (155 sq mi)|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||231,4/km2 (5,990/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+387 049|
The city is located on the country's northern border, across Gunja in Croatia.
Brčko is the seat of the Brčko District, an independent unit of local self-government created on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina following an arbitration process. The local administration was formerly supervised by an international supervisory regime headed by Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor. This international supervision was frozen since 23 May 2012.
Brčko was a geographic point of contention in 1996 when the U.S.-led Implementation Forces (IFOR) built Camp McGovern on the outskirts of the city. Camp McGovern was built in the ZOS for the purpose of establishing peacekeeping operations, specifically between Muslims in Gornji Rahić near Brka and Serbs in Brčko.
Although Brčko was a focal point for tension in the late 1990s, considerable progress in multi-ethnic integration in Brčko has since occurred including integration of secondary schooling. Reconstruction efforts and the Property Law Implementation Plan have improved the situation regarding property and return.
Brčko remains an important component of the Dayton Peace Accords, after the Brčko Arbitration ruled in May 1997 that Brčko would be a special district outside the jurisdiction of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, the two entities that comprise Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The first international organization to open offices in Brčko was the Organization for Security and Cooperation In Europe (OSCE).
Following PIC meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of Brčko International Supervisor. Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, will still continue to exist.
According to 1991 census Brčko had 41,406 inhabitants, including:
- Bosniacs - 22,994 (55.54%)
- Serbs - 8,253 (19.93%)
- Yugoslavs - 5,211 (12.58%)
- Croats - 2,894 (6.99%)
- others - 2,054 (4.96%)
Since 1991, there has been no official census conducted.
A railway station is near the city centre on the line from Vinkovci to Tuzla. However, no passenger trains operate to Brčko. The closest operating railway station is in Gunja, just on the other side of the border.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Brčko is twinned with:
- Edo Maajka, rapper
- Lepa Brena, singer
- Edvin Kanka Cudic, human rights activist
- Mladen Petrić, footballer
- Vesna Pisarović, singer
- Dženana Šehanović, pianist
- Anton Maglica. footballer
- Jasmin Imamović, politician
- Nataša Vojnović, fashion model
- Mato Tadić, judge
- "High Representative Welcomes Appointment of PDHR Tamir Waser". Ohr.int. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- "World Gazetteer: Bosnia and Herzegovina - largest cities (per geographical entity)". World-gazetteer.com.
- "Press Conference Following the Meeting of the Steering Board of the Peace implementation Council". Ohr.int. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Prvi dio - Samsun". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Drugi dio - St. Luis". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Treći dio - Smederevska Palanka". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brčko.|
- Brcko Government web site
- Ekonomski fakultet u Brčkom
- Brčanski Informativni portal
- Evropski univerzitet u Brčkom
- HIT Brčko