|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Siniša Milić (SNSD)|
|• President of the District Assembly||Esed Kadrić (SDA)|
| • International Supervisor
|Bruce G. Berton|
|• City||402 km2 (155 sq mi)|
|Elevation||92 m (302 ft)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||231,4/km2 (5,990/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+387 049|
Brčko is the seat of the Brčko District, an independent unit of local self-government created on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina following an arbitration process. The local administration was formerly supervised by an international supervisory regime headed by Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor. This international supervision was frozen since 23 May 2012.
Brčko was a geographic point of contention in 1996 when the U.S.-led Implementation Forces (IFOR) built Camp McGovern on the outskirts of the city. Camp McGovern under the overwatch of 3-5 CAV 1/BDE/1AR Division (US) commanded by LTC Anthony Cucculo was constructed from a war torn farming cooperative structure in the Zone of Separation (ZOS) for the purpose of establishing peacekeeping operations. The mission was to separate the forming warring factions. The ZOS was one (1) kilometer wide of "no man's land", where special permission was required for Serbian or Bosnian forces to enter. Various checkpoints and observation points (OP's) were established to control the separation.
Although Brčko was a focal point for tension in the late 1990s, considerable progress in multi-ethnic integration in Brčko has since occurred including integration of secondary schooling. Reconstruction efforts and the Property Law Implementation Plan have improved the situation regarding property and return. Today, Brcko has returned to a strategic transshipment point along the Sava River. The population of Brcko has not returned to it pre-war ethnic mix of Bosniacs, Serb's or Croat's. It should be noted, Brcko sits at the apex (movement east to west/west to east) of the Serb Republic, the ethnic Serb portion of Bosnia & Herzegovina and as such is critical to the RS for its economic future.
Brcko was the strategic component of the Dayton Peace Accords which could not be negotiated. After several weeks on intensive negotiation, the issue of Brcko was to be decided by international arbitration. The decision in 5 May 1997 placed Brcko into a "special district" managed by an ambassadorial representative from the international community. The first Ambassador to Brcko was an American with support staff from the UK, Sweden, Denmark & France.
The only international civilian presence in Brcko at that time was a small office of the Organization For Security and Cooperation In Europe (OSCE) headed by Randolph Hampton.
Brčko today remains an important component of the Dayton Peace Accords, after the Brčko Arbitration ruled in May 1997 that Brčko would be a special district outside the jurisdiction of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, the two entities that comprise Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The first international organization to open offices in Brčko was the Organization for Security and Cooperation In Europe (OSCE).
Following PIC meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of Brčko International Supervisor. Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, will still continue to exist.
According to 2013 census Brčko had 83.516 inhabitants, including:
A railway station is near the city centre on the line from Vinkovci to Tuzla. However, no passenger trains operate to Brčko. The closest operating railway station is in Gunja, just on the other side of the border.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Brčko is twinned with:
- Edo Maajka, rapper
- Lepa Brena, singer
- Edvin Kanka Ćudić, founder and coordinator of the Association for Social Research and Communications
- Mladen Petrić, Croatian footballer
- Vesna Pisarović, singer
- Dženana Šehanović, pianist
- Anton Maglica, Croatian footballer
- Jasmin Imamović, politician
- Nataša Vojnović, fashion model
- Mato Tadić, judge
- Brankica Mihajlović, Serbian volleyball player, silver medalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics
- "World Gazetteer: Bosnia and Herzegovina - largest cities (per geographical entity)". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2006-03-16.
- "Press Conference Following the Meeting of the Steering Board of the Peace implementation Council". Ohr.int. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- "CENZUS OF POPULATION, HOUSEHOLDS AND DWELLINGS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, 2013 :: POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013." (PDF). popis2013.ba. Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina :: Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Prvi dio - Samsun". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Drugi dio - St. Luis". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Koliko znamo o bratskim gradovima Brčkog? Treći dio - Smederevska Palanka". Portal Brčko. Retrieved June 26, 2015.[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brčko.|
- Brcko Government web site
- Ekonomski fakultet u Brčkom
- Brčanski Informativni portal
- Evropski univerzitet u Brčkom
- HIT Brčko[permanent dead link]