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Phoronis Maria Grazia Montanucci2.jpg
A colony of the phoronid Phoronis hippocrepis in shallow water at the coast of Italy.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Lophophorata
Clade: Brachiozoa
Cavalier-Smith 1998

Brachiozoa is a grouping of lophophorate animals including Brachiopoda and Phoronida.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Helmkampf M, Bruchhaus I, Hausdorf B (August 2008). "Phylogenomic analyses of lophophorates (brachiopods, phoronids and bryozoans) confirm the Lophotrochozoa concept". Proc. Biol. Sci. 275 (1645): 1927–33. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0372. PMC 2593926. PMID 18495619.
  2. ^ Jang KH, Hwang UW (21 April 2009). "Complete mitochondrial genome of Bugula neritina (Bryozoa, Gymnolaemata, Cheilostomata): phylogenetic position of Bryozoa and phylogeny of lophophorates within the Lophotrochozoa". BMC Genomics. 10: 167. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-10-167. PMC 2678162. PMID 19379522.
  3. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (August 1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 73 (3): 203–66. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05.