Brachyglottis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brachyglottis
Brachyglottis elaeagnifolia 11.JPG
Brachyglottis elaeagnifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Genus: Brachyglottis
J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Species

about 39

Synonyms

Urostemon B.Nord.[1]

Brachyglottis is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. The genus was erected on November 29, 1775,[2][3] by Johann Reinhold Forster and Georg Forster. The name was derived from the Greek brachus ("short")[4] and glottis ("the vocal apparatus of the larynx"[5] or "tongue"),[6] a reference to the size of the ray florets.[7]

The genus is almost entirely native to New Zealand, except for B. brunonis, which occurs in Tasmania.[8]

Diversity[edit]

Brachyglottis 'Sunshine'

There are about 39 accepted species names.[9] Several species were transferred to the genus from Senecio in 1977 and 1978.[10][11]

Species include:[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1996-09-17). "Genus: Brachyglottis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  2. ^ "Index Nominum Genericorum database". ING Database - Smithsonian Institution. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  3. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem (1997-09-24). "Brachyglottis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.". NCU-3e. Names in current use for extant plant genera. Freie Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  4. ^ Liddell, H. G.; Robert Scott. "bra^chus , eia (Ion. ea Hdt.5.49), u, dat. pl.". A Greek-English Lexicon. Tufts University. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  5. ^ WordNet. "a lexical database for the English language". Cognitive Science Laboratory of Princeton University. Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  6. ^ Liddell, H. G.; Robert Scott. "glôtt-ikos , ê, on,". A Greek-English Lexicon. Tufts University. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  7. ^ Coombes, A. J. (1985). "Section 1". Dictionary of Plant Names. Timber Press. pp. 207 pages. ISBN 0-88192-294-3. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  8. ^ Wagstaff, S. J. and I. Breitwieser. (2004). Phylogeny and classification of Brachyglottis (Senecioneae, Asteraceae): An example of a rapid species radiation in New Zealand. Systematic Botany 29(4), 1003-10.
  9. ^ a b Brachyglottis. The Plant List.
  10. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). "GRIN Species Records of Brachyglottis". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-04-10. 
  11. ^ Edgar, E.; H. E. Connor (1983). "Nomina Nova III, 1977-1982" (PDF). New Zealand Journal of Botany. 21: 421–441. doi:10.1080/0028825x.1983.10428573. 0028-825X/83/2104-0421. Retrieved 2008-04-10.