Brachypelma emilia

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Brachypelma emilia
Brachypelma emilia.jpg
Mexican redleg tarantula
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Brachypelma
Species:
B. emilia
Binomial name
Brachypelma emilia
White, 1856[1]
Distribution.Brachypelma.emilia.Mexico.png
Distribution of B. emilia.
Synonyms[1]
  • Mygale emilia White, 1856
  • Brachypelma aemilia (White, 1856), orth. var.
  • Eurypelma emilia (White, 1856)
  • Euathlus emilia (White, 1856)

The Mexican redleg or red-legged tarantula (Brachypelma emilia) is a species of terrestrial tarantula closely related to the famous Mexican redknee tarantula. Like the redknee it is a docile tarantula and popular in the pet trade. It is slow growing and, like many tarantulas, females can live for decades.[citation needed]

Description[edit]

The Mexican redleg also known as the red-legged tarantula has a dark-colored body with the second joint of its legs being pink, red or orange. Its carapace is light colored with a distinctive black triangle at the front. Following moulting, the colors are more pronounced.

An adult female has a body roughly 65 mm long, with a legspan of 12.5 cm, and a weight of approximately 15 to 16 grams.[citation needed]

Conservation[edit]

All species of Brachypelma were placed on CITES Appendix II in 1994, thus restricting trade.[2] Nevertheless, large numbers of tarantulas caught in the wild continue to be smuggled out of Mexico, including species of Brachypelma.[3]

In captivity[edit]

The Mexican redleg is a mostly docile species, perhaps more so even than the redknee. That, coupled with its coloration, and impressive size, makes it a very popular pet species. As such it is considered to be threatened by capture for sale to the pet trade.[4]

It is very reluctant to bite when distressed, but possesses urticating hair and will flick these if it feels threatened.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Taxon details Brachypelma emilia (White, 1856)". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  2. ^ "Brachypelma smithi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897): Documents". Species+. UNEP-WCMC & CITES Secretariat. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
  3. ^ Mendoza, J. & Francke, O. (2017). "Systematic revision of Brachypelma red-kneed tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae), and the use of DNA barcodes to assist in the identification and conservation of CITES-listed species". Invertebrate Systematics. 31 (2): 157–179. doi:10.1071/IS16023.
  4. ^ "Mexican redleg tarantula (Brachypelma emilia)". Wildscreen Arkive. Wildscreen. Archived from the original on 2015-07-14. Retrieved 6 July 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Hijmensen, Eddy (2011). "Brachypelma emilia". mantid.nl. Retrieved 2017-10-05. (Photographs taken in the wild.)