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Temporal range: Late Triassic, Carnian
Phytosaurus Exhibit Museum of Natural History.JPG
Skull of Brachysuchus megalodon in the University of Michigan Museum of Natural History
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Phytosauria
Family: Phytosauridae
Genus: Brachysuchus
Case, 1929
Type species
Brachysuchus megalodon
Case, 1929

Brachysuchus is an extinct genus of phytosaur known from the late Triassic period (Carnian stage) of Dockum Group in Texas, United States. It is known from the holotype UMMP 10336 is composed of a skull, lower jaws and partial postcranium and from the associated paratype UMMP 14366, nearly complete skull, recovered from the 'Pre-Tecovas Horizon' in the Dockum Group.[1][2] It was first named by Case in 1929 and the type species is Brachysuchus megalodon. Its closest relative was Angistorhinus.[2]


  1. ^ Case, E. C. (1929). "Description of the skull of a new form of phytosaur with notes on the characters of described North American phytosaurs". Memoirs of the University of Michigan Museums, Museum of Paleontology. 2: 1–56. 
  2. ^ a b Michelle R. Stocker (2010). "A new taxon of phytosaur (Archosauria: Pseudosuchia) from the Late Triassic (Norian) Sonsela Member (Chinle Formation) in Arizona, and a critical reevaluation of Leptosuchus Case, 1922". Palaeontology. 53 (5): 997–1022. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2010.00983.x.