Bracklesham Group

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Bracklesham Group
Stratigraphic range: Eocene
Branksome Sand (geograph 4084855).jpg
Branksome Sand Formation at the top of the Bracklesham Group, made up of white, yellow, rose-coloured and crimson sands with laminated pipe clay. Alum Bay cliffs.
Type Group
Underlies Barton Group
Overlies Thames Group
Thickness ~120 m Hampshire Basin, ~140 m London Basin
Primary clay, silt & sand
Region Hampshire Basin, London Basin, England
Country United Kingdom
Type section
Named for Bracklesham

The Bracklesham Group (formerly Bracklesham Beds), in geology, is a series of clays and marls, with sandy and lignitic beds, in the Middle Eocene of the Hampshire Basin and London Basins, England.[1]

The type section of the Bracklesham Group is the sea cliffs at Whitecliff Bay on the Isle of Wight, and it is also well developed on the mainland. The Group gets its name from a section at Bracklesham in Sussex. The thickness of the deposit is around 120 m.[1] Fossil mollusca are abundant, and fossil fish are to be found, as well as Palaeophis, a sea-snake, and Puppigerus, a sea turtle. Nummulites and other foraminifera also occur.

The Bracklesham Group lies between the Barton Clay above and the Bournemouth Beds,[citation needed] Lower Bagshot, below. In the London Basin these beds are represented only by thin sandy clays in the Middle Bagshot group. In the Paris Basin the "Calcaire grossier" lies upon the same geological horizon.


  1. ^ a b "Bracklesham Group". BGS Lexicon of Named Rock Units. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bracklesham Beds". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  This cites:
    • F. Dixon, Geology of Sussex (new ed., 1878)
    • F. E. Edwards and SV Wood, Monograph of Eocene Mollusca, Palaeontographical Soc. vol. i. (1847–1877)
    • Geology of the Isle of Wight, Mem. Geol. Survey (2nd ed., 1889)
    • C. Reid, The Geology of the Country around Southampton, Mem. Geol. Survey (1902).
  • New Forest Geology Guide