Bracknell (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bracknell
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bracknell in Berkshire
Outline map
Location of Berkshire within England
CountyBerkshire
Population104,849 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate78,709 (2018)[2]
Major settlementsBracknell, Crowthorne
Current constituency
Created1997
Member of ParliamentPhillip Lee (Liberal Democrat)
Number of membersOne
Created fromEast Berkshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

Bracknell is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Phillip Lee, who was originally elected as a Conservative Party MP in 2010, before defecting to the Liberal Democrats on 3 September 2019.[n 2] It was created for the 1997 general election, replacing the abolished county constituency of East Berkshire.

History[edit]

From creation in 1997 until 2010, Bracknell's MP was Andrew MacKay of the Conservative Party, who represented the old seat of East Berkshire from 1983. On 14 May 2009, he resigned from his position as parliamentary aide to David Cameron in the wake of a major scandal over his Parliamentary expenses. MacKay and his wife, fellow Tory MP Julie Kirkbride, had wrongfully claimed over £250,000 from the taxpayer for mortgage payments for second homes, in a case of so-called 'double-dipping'. They also wrongfully claimed for each other's travel costs. At a hastily called meeting with his constituents in Bracknell to explain the "unacceptable" expenses claims, Mr MacKay was jeered and called a "thieving toad". A video of the angry meeting was leaked to the press and, after an urgent phone call from David Cameron the next day, MacKay agreed to stand down at the 2010 general election. The Conservative Party chose Phillip Lee, a general practitioner, as its new candidate in an American-style open primary, involving seven candidates including Rory Stewart and Iain Dale in a contest open to all registered Bracknell voters.[3]

2010 election

Lee went on to become the next MP in an election which saw the share of the vote for the Labour Party fall by 11.1%. The Liberal Democrats saw the biggest rise in support of all the parties (+4.5%), overtaking Labour to gain second place behind the Conservative Party. UKIP saw a slight rise in support to 4.4% of the vote. The 2010 election also saw for the first time the Green Party and British National Party vying for the seat.

2017 election

Lee held his seat at the 2017 general election.[4] He gained 3.1% of votes, but Labour increased its share by 13.3%. Lee received 32,882 votes, Paul Bidwell (Labour) in second place had 16,866 votes.[5]

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

1997–2010: The Borough of Bracknell Forest wards of Binfield, Bullbrook, Central Sandhurst, College Town, Crowthorne, Garth, Great Hollands North, Great Hollands South, Hanworth, Harmanswater, Little Sandhurst, Old Bracknell, Owlsmoor, Priestwood, Warfield, and Wildridings, and the District of Wokingham wards of Finchampstead North, Finchampstead South, and Wokingham Without.[6]

The Borough of Bracknell wards had formed the majority of the abolished County Constituency of East Berkshire. The two Finchampstead wards were transferred from Reading East, and the ward of Wokingham Without was transferred from Wokingham.

2010–present: The Borough of Bracknell Forest wards of Bullbrook, Central Sandhurst, College Town, Crown Wood, Crowthorne, Great Hollands North, Great Hollands South, Hanworth, Harmanswater, Little Sandhurst and Wellington, Old Bracknell, Owlsmoor, Priestwood and Garth, and Wildridings and Central, and the District of Wokingham wards of Finchampstead North, Finchampstead South, and Wokingham Without.[7]

Northern parts, including Binfield, were transferred to Windsor.

Bracknell is based around the town of Bracknell and the Bracknell Forest authority. It is bordered by the constituencies of Wokingham, Maidenhead, Windsor, Surrey Heath, Aldershot, and North East Hampshire.

Changes proposed by Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the general election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission proposed that the constituency be unchanged.[8]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1997 Andrew MacKay Conservative
2010 Dr Phillip Lee Conservative
2019 Liberal Democrat

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

The incumbent MP, Phillip Lee (Liberal Democrat, elected Conservative in 2017) is seeking re-election in the neighbouring constituency of Wokingham.

General election 2019: Bracknell
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Kaweh Beheshtizadeh[10][11]
Labour Paul Bidwell
Green Derek Florey[12]
Conservative James Sunderland[13]
Brexit Party David Winsper
General election 2017: Bracknell[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Phillip Lee 32,882 58.8 +3.1
Labour Paul Bidwell 16,886 30.2 +13.3
Liberal Democrat Patrick Smith 4,186 7.5 +0.03
UKIP Len Amos 1,521 2.7 −13.0
Independent Olivio Barreto 437 0.8 N/A
Majority 16,016 28.7 −10.2
Turnout 55,892 70.6 +5.3
Conservative hold Swing −5.1
General election 2015: Bracknell[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Phillip Lee [17] 29,606 55.8 +3.4
Labour James Walsh [17] 8,956 16.9 +0.1
UKIP Richard Thomas [17] 8,339 15.7 +11.3
Liberal Democrat Patrick Smith [18] 3,983 7.5 −14.8
Green Derek Florey[19] 2,202 4.1 +2.6
Majority 20,650 38.9 +8.8
Turnout 53,086 65.3 −2.6
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: Bracknell[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Phillip Lee 27,327 52.4 +2.5
Liberal Democrat Raymond Earwicker 11,623 22.3 +4.5
Labour John Piasecki 8,755 16.8 −11.1
UKIP Murray Barter 2,297 4.4 +0.9
BNP Mark Burke 1,253 2.4 N/A
Green David Young 821 1.6 N/A
Scrap Members Allowances Dan Haycocks 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 15,704 30.1 +6.6
Turnout 52,140 67.8 +5.1
Conservative hold Swing −1.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Bracknell
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew MacKay 25,412 49.7 +3.1
Labour Janet Keene 13,376 26.2 −6.8
Liberal Democrat Lee Glendon 10,128 19.8 +2.7
UKIP Vincent Pearson 1,818 3.6 +1.0
Independent Dominica Roberts 407 0.8 N/A
Majority 12,036 23.5 +9.9
Turnout 51,141 63.4 +2.7
Conservative hold Swing +5.0
General election 2001: Bracknell
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew MacKay 22,962 46.6 −0.7
Labour Janet Keene 16,249 33.0 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Raymond Earwicker 8,428 17.1 +1.7
UKIP Lawrence Boxall 1,266 2.6 +1.6
ProLife Alliance Dominica Roberts 324 0.7 +0.2
Majority 6,713 13.6 -4.0
Turnout 49,229 60.7 −13.8
Conservative hold Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Bracknell
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew MacKay 27,983 47.4 N/A
Labour Anne Snelgrove 17,596 29.8 N/A
Liberal Democrat Alan Hilliar 9,122 15.4 N/A
Independent John Tompkins 1,909 3.2 N/A
Referendum Warwick Cairns 1,636 2.8 N/A
UKIP Lawrence Boxall 569 1.0 N/A
ProLife Alliance Dominica Roberts 276 0.5 N/A
Majority 10,387 17.6 N/A
Turnout 59,091 74.5 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Bracknell: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010–2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ Hastings, Chris; Georgia Warren (18 October 2009). "Women and gay Tory MPs set to treble by 2010". The Times. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  4. ^ Dr Phillip Lee MP "MPs- Dr Phillip Lee" Check |url= value (help). www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Bracknell parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  8. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 15 February 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
  10. ^ https://twitter.com/thomasparker75/status/1184945634396327942?s=21
  11. ^ https://www.markpack.org.uk/153722/liberal-democrat-parliamentary-candidates/
  12. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  13. ^ https://twitter.com/wallaceme/status/1192925921302515712
  14. ^ "Bracknell parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election results for Bracknell, 7 May 2015". democratic.bracknell-forest.gov.uk. 7 May 2015.
  17. ^ a b c "BRACKNELL 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Fort, Hugh (23 January 2015). "Bracknell Green Party select election candidate".
  20. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  21. ^ general election 2010: Phillip Lee wins Bracknell seat GetBracknell, 7 May 2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′N 0°45′W / 51.42°N 0.75°W / 51.42; -0.75