Bracknell (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bracknell in Berkshire
Location of Berkshire within England
|Population||104,849 (2011 census)|
|Major settlements||Bracknell, Crowthorne|
|Member of Parliament||Phillip Lee (Liberal Democrat)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||East Berkshire|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Bracknell is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Phillip Lee, who was originally elected as a Conservative Party MP in 2010, before defecting to the Liberal Democrats on 3 September 2019.[n 2] It was created for the 1997 general election, replacing the abolished county constituency of East Berkshire.
From creation in 1997 until 2010, Bracknell's MP was Andrew MacKay of the Conservative Party, who represented the old seat of East Berkshire from 1983. On 14 May 2009, he resigned from his position as parliamentary aide to David Cameron in the wake of a major scandal over his Parliamentary expenses. MacKay and his wife, fellow Tory MP Julie Kirkbride, had wrongfully claimed over £250,000 from the taxpayer for mortgage payments for second homes, in a case of so-called 'double-dipping'. They also wrongfully claimed for each other's travel costs. At a hastily called meeting with his constituents in Bracknell to explain the "unacceptable" expenses claims, Mr MacKay was jeered and called a "thieving toad". A video of the angry meeting was leaked to the press and, after an urgent phone call from David Cameron the next day, MacKay agreed to stand down at the 2010 general election. The Conservative Party chose Phillip Lee, a general practitioner, as its new candidate in an American-style open primary, involving seven candidates including Rory Stewart and Iain Dale in a contest open to all registered Bracknell voters.
- 2010 election
Lee went on to become the next MP in an election which saw the share of the vote for the Labour Party fall by 11.1%. The Liberal Democrats saw the biggest rise in support of all the parties (+4.5%), overtaking Labour to gain second place behind the Conservative Party. UKIP saw a slight rise in support to 4.4% of the vote. The 2010 election also saw for the first time the Green Party and British National Party vying for the seat.
- 2017 election
Lee held his seat at the 2017 general election. He gained 3.1% of votes, but Labour increased its share by 13.3%. Lee received 32,882 votes, Paul Bidwell (Labour) in second place had 16,866 votes.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1997–2010: The Borough of Bracknell Forest wards of Binfield, Bullbrook, Central Sandhurst, College Town, Crowthorne, Garth, Great Hollands North, Great Hollands South, Hanworth, Harmanswater, Little Sandhurst, Old Bracknell, Owlsmoor, Priestwood, Warfield, and Wildridings, and the District of Wokingham wards of Finchampstead North, Finchampstead South, and Wokingham Without.
The Borough of Bracknell wards had formed the majority of the abolished County Constituency of East Berkshire. The two Finchampstead wards were transferred from Reading East, and the ward of Wokingham Without was transferred from Wokingham.
2010–present: The Borough of Bracknell Forest wards of Bullbrook, Central Sandhurst, College Town, Crown Wood, Crowthorne, Great Hollands North, Great Hollands South, Hanworth, Harmanswater, Little Sandhurst and Wellington, Old Bracknell, Owlsmoor, Priestwood and Garth, and Wildridings and Central, and the District of Wokingham wards of Finchampstead North, Finchampstead South, and Wokingham Without.
Northern parts, including Binfield, were transferred to Windsor.
Bracknell is based around the town of Bracknell and the Bracknell Forest authority. It is bordered by the constituencies of Wokingham, Maidenhead, Windsor, Surrey Heath, Aldershot, and North East Hampshire.
Changes proposed by Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the general election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission proposed that the constituency be unchanged.
Members of Parliament
|2010||Dr Phillip Lee||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Kaweh Beheshtizadeh|
|Brexit Party||David Winsper|
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Smith||4,186||7.5||+0.03|
|Conservative||Phillip Lee ||29,606||55.8||+3.4|
|Labour||James Walsh ||8,956||16.9||+0.1|
|UKIP||Richard Thomas ||8,339||15.7||+11.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Smith ||3,983||7.5||−14.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Raymond Earwicker||11,623||22.3||+4.5|
|Scrap Members Allowances||Dan Haycocks||60||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Lee Glendon||10,128||19.8||+2.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Raymond Earwicker||8,428||17.1||+1.7|
|ProLife Alliance||Dominica Roberts||324||0.7||+0.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Hilliar||9,122||15.4||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Dominica Roberts||276||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Bracknell: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010–2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- Hastings, Chris; Georgia Warren (18 October 2009). "Women and gay Tory MPs set to treble by 2010". The Times. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
- Dr Phillip Lee MP "MPs- Dr Phillip Lee" Check
|url=value (help). www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
- "Bracknell parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 15 February 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
- "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
- "Bracknell parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Bracknell, 7 May 2015". democratic.bracknell-forest.gov.uk. 7 May 2015.
- "BRACKNELL 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Fort, Hugh (23 January 2015). "Bracknell Green Party select election candidate".
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- general election 2010: Phillip Lee wins Bracknell seat GetBracknell, 7 May 2010
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bracknell — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.