Brad Carson

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Brad Carson
Brad carson23.jpg
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness
Acting
In office
April 2, 2015 – April 8, 2016
Appointed by Barack Obama
Preceded by Jessica Wright
United States Undersecretary of the Army
In office
March 28, 2014 – June 30, 2015
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Joseph W. Westphal
Succeeded by Eric Fanning Acting
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2005
Preceded by Tom Coburn
Succeeded by Dan Boren
Personal details
Born (1967-03-11) March 11, 1967 (age 50)
Winslow, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Julie Carson
Alma mater Baylor University
Trinity College, Oxford
University of Oklahoma College of Law

Brad Rogers Carson (born March 11, 1967) is an American lawyer and politician from the state of Oklahoma who served as the Acting Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness from 2015-16. In that role, he was, according to the New York Times and USA Today, the "architect" of a number of historic reforms, ranging from opening up all combat positions to women, open service by transgender service members, and revolutionary new recruiting and retention practices.[1][2]

A member of the Democratic Party, he served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001-05. He served as Undersecretary of the Army from 2014-15 and as General Counsel of the Army from 2012-2014.[3][4]

Carson is currently a senior advisor at the Boston Consulting Group.[5] He is the only person to have voted on the authorization of the Iraq War in Congress and to have subsequently fought in it.[6]

Background[edit]

Carson was born in Winslow, Arizona. His father worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the family moved around Indian reservations in Nevada, Arizona, North Carolina and Kansas. As a teenager, Carson moved back to Oklahoma, where his family had deep roots in the historic Cherokee Nation, of which Carson is an enrolled member.

Carson was a top student at Jenks High School and won a National Merit Scholarship to attend Baylor University, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He became the first student at Baylor in 75 years to be awarded a Rhodes Scholarship. As a Rhodes Scholar, Carson went to Trinity College, Oxford, and earned a second B.A. (which became an M.A. a few years later) in Politics, Philosophy, and Economics. He attended the University of Oklahoma College of Law, graduating at the top of his class in 1994.

According to The Almanac of American Politics, Carson had originally intended to attend Yale Law School, only to change his mind while at Oxford. After graduation from the University of Oklahoma, Carson took a job at a prestigious Oklahoma law firm, Crowe & Dunlevy. In 1996, his firm was awarded the Exceptional Contribution to Legal Services Award by Legal Services of Eastern Oklahoma.

Election to Congress[edit]

Brad Carson's official photo as a Member of Congress

In 1997 Carson was selected as a White House Fellow, where he was assigned to The Pentagon as a Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense.

An enrolled tribal member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, he was elected, as a Democrat, to the United States House of Representatives in 2000 from Oklahoma representing the 2nd Congressional District, located in the northeastern part of the state. In the primary, Carson defeated long-term state representative Bill Settle, who was chairman of the Appropriations Committee in the Oklahoma House of Representatives.[7] In the general election, he defeated Republican Andy Ewing with 55 percent of the vote. The seat came open after three-term Republican Tom Coburn gave it up to honor a self-imposed term limit.[citation needed]

After redistricting changed the political composition of his district to be much more favorable to a Democratic candidate, Carson was reelected in 2002 with nearly 75 percent of the vote.[8] In that election, he had to fend off a primary challenge from Mike Mass, a state representative who had succeeded Settle as the Appropriations Chairman.[citation needed]

During his tenure in Congress, Carson was generally seen as a moderate Democrat. He was a member of the conservative Democratic Blue Dog Coalition. He served on the Transportation Committee,[9] the Natural Resources Committee,[10] and the Small Business Committee.[11] On October 10, 2002, Brad Carson was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.

2004 U.S. Senate election[edit]

In 2004, Carson sought the open U.S. Senate seat being vacated by retiring Republican Don Nickles. Although he easily won the Democratic nomination, he faced a tough general election contest with Coburn, who had won the nomination by an unexpectedly large margin. Carson described himself as a Conservative Democrat. Carson distanced himself from the national Democratic Party on most public policy matters. He portrayed himself as more moderate than his Republican opponent. Coburn, by contrast was one of the "true believers" in the 1995 Republican House freshman class and its Contract With America. This race was considered one of a handful of competitive races for the U.S. Senate in 2004.

Both Carson and Coburn were fairly conservative on social issues. For example, Coburn and Carson both presented themselves as supporting the traditional definition of marriage as "a union of one man and one woman" in the gay marriage debate. Although registered Democrats outnumbered registered Republicans in Oklahoma by almost 2 to 1 at the time, most Oklahoma Democrats are quite conservative by national standards.[12]

By many accounts, the 2004 U.S. Senate campaign between Carson and Coburn was one of the most partisan races of that year. Coburn claimed that a vote for Carson was a vote for Democrats such as Tom Daschle, Hillary Clinton and Ted Kennedy. Carson was also hampered by George W. Bush's tremendous popularity in the state (the John Kerry campaign made virtually no effort in Oklahoma). In the November election, Coburn defeated Carson by a large margin, 53 percent to 42 percent. While Carson trounced Coburn in the 2nd District, Coburn swamped Carson in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area and the closer-in Tulsa suburbs. Coburn won the state's two largest counties, Tulsa and Oklahoma, by a combined 86,000 votes — more than half of his overall margin of 166,000 votes.

Despite Carson's loss, election analyst Stuart Rothenberg called the Carson campaign one of the four best run campaigns in the nation in 2004. The Weekly Standard called him "The Perfect Democrat"[13] After the election, Carson wrote an article for The New Republic which was the subject of much discussion.[14]

Post-Congressional work[edit]

Brad Carson addresses his Veterans Advisory Committee (2004).

After the 2004 Senate election, Carson's term in the United States Congress expired on January 3, 2005; Carson was succeeded by Dan Boren. Carson indicated that he had no immediate plans to seek political office, and, in January 2005, he accepted a semester-long teaching fellowship specializing in U.S. politics at Harvard University. Upon leaving Harvard, he returned to his hometown of Claremore, Oklahoma, and worked as Chief Executive Officer of Cherokee Nation Businesses, which is owned by the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma in Catoosa, Oklahoma. As an expert in Indian law, Carson oversaw one of the largest businesses in the state, with thousands of employees, hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue, and more than a dozen in-house lawyers who specialized in Indian law and corporate law. In December 2008, Carson left his post at Cherokee Nation Businesses to deploy to Iraq as an Intelligence Officer in the U.S. Navy. He was officer-in-charge of weapons intelligence teams embedded with the U.S. Army's 84th Explosive Ordnance Disposal Battalion in the nine southern provinces of Iraq; the teams worked with EOD teams at seven bases and investigated bomb sites, caches, smuggling routes, and other activities related to improvised explosive devices. For this work, Carson received, among other awards, the Bronze Star. On his return, he was elected to the board of Cherokee Nation Businesses.[15]

In January 2010, Carson assumed a position as professor of business and law and at the University of Tulsa and as director of the National Energy Policy Institute, a non-profit energy policy organization funded by billionaire George Kaiser's family foundation.[16][17] In his academic work, Carson has written extensively about the economics of renewable energy.[18][19] He has also contributed journalism to The Weekly Standard, The New Republic, Blueprint, and Democracy: A Journal of Ideas. In 2010, Carson contributed to a symposium[20] issue of Democracy: A Journal of Ideas, in which he was one of ten writers (including Martha Nussbaum, Michael Sandel, and others) discussing the future of progressive political thought and politics. He is the author of several other works, including a guide to federal appellate practice, a work co-authored with Judge Robert Bacharach (who was appointed by President Obama to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals). More recently, he has been working on a long series of articles about military reform for the online journal War on the Rocks.[21][22]

Carson had met Barack Obama in 2004 when they were both nominees of the Democratic Party for open seats in the United States Senate. Carson endorsed Obama in 2006 for the 2008 presidential election.[23] Carson served as Obama's personal representative in the approval of candidates for delegates from Oklahoma to the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Oklahoma was the first state to name its complete delegation to the 2008 Democratic Convention.

Carson's wife, Julie, served on the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education. They live in Claremore, Oklahoma.[24] They have one son, Jack.[25]

Return to politics[edit]

In June 2011, U.S. Congressman Dan Boren announced that he would not seek another term.[26] Carson announced shortly thereafter that he would seek to win back his former seat.[27] Despite this announcement, he later announced that he would not seek his old seat after all.[28]

Under Secretary of the Army, Brad Carson

Obama Administration[edit]

On September 14, 2011, President Barack Obama nominated Carson to serve as the General Counsel of the United States Department of the Army.[29] The United States Senate confirmed Carson by unanimous consent on December 17, 2011.[30]

On January 6, 2014, President Obama nominated Carson to be Under Secretary of the Army, to replace Joseph W. Westphal, whom the president had nominated to be the United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia.[31] On February 12, 2014, Carson was confirmed by the United States Senate[32] and he was sworn in as the 31st Under Secretary of the Army on March 27, 2014.[25] Fellow Oklahoma Democrat, Principal Chief Bill John Baker of the Cherokee nation, praised Carson, saying, “I applaud President Obama for nominating Brad Carson to this post [...] Brad is a Cherokee citizen and has committed his life to one of our Cherokee values: serving people. As a U.S. congressman he served the people of Oklahoma’s second district, as a CEO he served Cherokee Nation Businesses and the Cherokee people [...] he will be a champion for our American military in his role as Army undersecretary.”[33]

As Chief Operating Officer of the Department of the Army, Carson led day-to-day-business operations of the global U.S. Army business enterprise, with over 490,000 active duty soldiers, 335,000 National Guard soldiers, 200,000 Army Reserve soldiers, and over 330,000 civilians. He supervised the development and submission of the Army’s budget, which exceeded $150 billion. In a move lauded by veterans groups, Carson made national headlines when he formally apologized to veterans of the Iraq War for the Army's mishandling of chemical weapons exposures.[34]

Carson visiting with Green Berets at Fort Bragg

Carson served as the acting Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness from April 2015 until April 2016, resigning while still awaiting Senate formal approval.[35] As Undersecretary, Carson led a number of pioneering initiatives such as the Department of Defense’s “Force of the Future” reforms, the largest personnel changes to the military and civilian workforce in nearly 50 years.[36] Carson oversaw the historic opening of all combat positions to women.[37] He reformed the military retirement system for the first time in 70 years and opened the doors of military service to transgender persons.[37][38]

Electoral history[edit]

Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district: Results 2000–2002[39]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2000 Brad Carson 107,273 55% Andy Ewing 81,672 42% Neil Mavis Libertarian 6,467 3%
2002 Brad Carson 146,748 74% Kent Pharaoh 51,234 26%
Oklahoma Senator (Class III) results: 2004[39]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2004 Brad Carson 596,750 41% Tom Coburn 763,433 53% Sheila Bilyeu Independent 86,663 6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael S. Schmidt (2016-06-09). "Defense Secretary Seeks to Find and Keep Those With Key Expertise". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  2. ^ "Transgender troops could raise concerns for service leaders". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  3. ^ "Carson sworn in as 20th general counsel of the U.S. Army". Army.mil. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  4. ^ "Carson sworn in as 31st Under Secretary of U.S. Army". army.mil. Retrieved July 2, 2017. 
  5. ^ Censer, Marjorie (12 October 2016). "Carson joins the Boston Consulting Group". InsideDefense.com. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Game changer: tales of transformation". Centreforpublicimpact.org. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  7. ^ Pierce, Daniel S. (September 18, 2000). ""Hungry Democrats Pick between Settle, Carson"". Questia.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-17. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  9. ^ "Carson nabs seat on House Transportation Committee - NewsOn6.com - Tulsa, OK - News, Weather, Video and Sports - KOTV.com |". NewsOn6.com. 2001-01-31. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-09. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-09. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  12. ^ Stone, Andrea (August 26, 2004). "Democrats know battle for Senate is on GOP turf". USA Today. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "304 Articles". Weekly Standard. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  14. ^ "Brad Carson speaks - and pens a brilliant TNR article". Dailykos.com. 2004-11-11. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  15. ^ Clifton Adcock, "Former U.S. Rep. Brad Carson, named to Cherokee board, tells of mission in Iraq", Tulsa World, December 14, 2009.
  16. ^ Rod Walton, "Ex-lawmaker to head TU energy institute: Brad Carson will direct NEPI, founded with a Kaiser gift", Tulsa World, January 26, 2010.
  17. ^ Marc Ambinder, "Can These Two Democrats Inject Rationalism Into the Energy Debate?", The Atlantic, July 14, 2010.
  18. ^ "Renewable Energy". SSRN 2014773Freely accessible. 
  19. ^ "Energy Finance and Economics: Analysis and Valuation, Risk Management, and the Future of Energy - Betty Simkins, Russell Simkins". Wiley.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  20. ^ Democracy Journal Archived December 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ "Defense Reform in the Next Administration". Warontherocks.com. 2016-09-12. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  22. ^ "The Pentagon's Fig Tree: Reforming The Military Health System". Warontherocks.com. 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  23. ^ Carson, Brad."Congressman Carson's Open Letter To Indian Country" Archived 2007-12-26 at the Wayback Machine., The Native American Times, July 16, 2007.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-13. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  25. ^ a b "Carson sworn in as 31st Under Secretary of U.S. Army | Article | The United States Army". Army.mil. 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  26. ^ Chris Casteel (2011-06-07). "Oklahoma's U.S. Rep. Dan Boren won't seek re-election in 2012". News OK. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  27. ^ Muskal, Michael (June 7, 2011). "Brad Carson throws hat in ring as parties wrestle for Oklahoma congressional district". Los Angeles Times. 
  28. ^ Krehbiel, Randy (2011-06-29). "Brad Carson won't seek Second District seat vacated by Boren". News OK. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  29. ^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". Whitehouse.gov. 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  31. ^ "Presidential Nominations Sent to the Senate". whitehouse.gov. January 6, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Former U.S. Rep. Brad Carson confirmed as undersecretary of the Army | Government". Tulsaworld.com. 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  33. ^ "Cherokee Nation Principal Chief congratulates Cherokee citizen Brad Carson on presidential nomination". cherokee.org. Retrieved July 2, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Veterans Hurt by Chemical Weapons in Iraq Get Apology". The New York Times. March 26, 2015. 
  35. ^ Tilghman, Andrew (March 14, 2016). "Pentagon's top personnel official resigns". Military Times. Retrieved July 2, 2017. 
  36. ^ Times, Military (August 28, 2015). "force-future-report-ash-carter-review". militarytimes.com. 
  37. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016. 
  38. ^ "Transgender Service Members Can Now Serve Openly, Carter Announces > U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE > Article". Defense.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  39. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2007. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Tom Coburn
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 2nd congressional district
2001–2005
Succeeded by
Dan Boren
Legal offices
Preceded by
Joseph W. Westphal
United States Under Secretary of the Army
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Patrick J. Murphy