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Brad Henry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brad Henry
Henry in 2007
26th Governor of Oklahoma
In office
January 13, 2003 – January 10, 2011
LieutenantMary Fallin
Jari Askins
Preceded byFrank Keating
Succeeded byMary Fallin
Member of the Oklahoma Senate
from the 17th district
In office
Preceded byCarl Franklin
Succeeded byCharlie Laster
Personal details
Charles Bradford Henry

(1963-07-10) July 10, 1963 (age 60)
Shawnee, Oklahoma, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseKim Blaine
EducationUniversity of Oklahoma (BA, JD)

Charles Bradford Henry (born July 10, 1963)[1] is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 26th governor of Oklahoma from 2003 to 2011. A Democrat, he previously served in the Oklahoma Senate from 1992 to 2003.

Henry was elected governor in 2002 with 43% of the vote and reelected for a second term in 2006 with 67% of the vote.[2] He was the third governor and second Democrat in Oklahoma history to serve two consecutive terms, along with Democrat George Nigh and Republican Frank Keating. Henry was unable to seek a third term in the 2010 election due to term limits set by the Oklahoma Constitution. He was succeeded as governor by Republican former Lieutenant Governor and former U.S House of Representatives Congresswoman Mary Fallin on January 10, 2011.

Henry had been mentioned as a possible candidate for the U.S. Senate, but declined to run in the 2014 special election to replace Tom Coburn.[3]

As of 2024, Henry is the last Democrat to be officially elected to Governor of Oklahoma and formally elected to statewide office in Oklahoma.

Early life and education[edit]

Brad Henry was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma, the son of Charles Henry, a prominent judge and former state representative.[4] After graduating from Shawnee High School in 1981, Henry attended the University of Oklahoma as a President's Leadership Scholar and earned a bachelor's degree in economics in 1985.[4] He was a member of Delta Tau Delta fraternity. In 1988, he was awarded his J.D. degree from the University of Oklahoma College of Law, where he served as managing editor of the Law Review.[4]

Henry practiced law in Shawnee, Oklahoma before running for the Oklahoma State Senate.[5] He served as a state senator from 1992 until he became governor.[5]

Gubernatorial campaigns[edit]

Henry as a State Senator


In the 2002 election for governor, Henry defeated State Senator Enoch Kelly Haney and businessman Vince Orza in the primary election. In the general election, he defeated former Republican Congressman Steve Largent, an NFL Hall of Famer, by just over one-half of one percent of the vote, in a race that also included Independent candidate Gary Richardson, a retired federal prosecutor. Henry received 448,143 votes (43.27%) to Largent's 441,277 votes (42.61%). Richardson, a former Republican candidate, received 146,200 votes (14%).[6]

Henry ran a campaign of "barnstorming" rural areas, and stopping at Wal-Mart stores in an RV with supporters. Henry was endorsed by football coach Barry Switzer, who has widespread popularity in Oklahoma and accompanied Henry to many campaign events.

On the policy side of the campaign, Henry branded himself as the "education governor." He argued for increasing teachers' salaries and funding for higher education in the state by approving a state lottery to raise money.


In the Democratic Party primary election on July 25, 2006, Henry received 218,712 votes, 86% of the vote.[7]

In the November 7 general election, Henry faced Fifth District U.S. Congressman Republican Ernest Istook and won with 66% of the vote.[2] He won with a higher total than any gubernatorial candidate in almost fifty years.[8] He only lost the three counties of the Panhandle, and won by large margins in a number of counties that normally vote Republican.

Governor of Oklahoma[edit]

The Cabinet of Governor Brad Henry
Office Name Term
Governor Brad Henry 2003–2011
Lieutenant Governor Mary Fallin 2003–2007
Jari Askins 2007–2011
Secretary of State M. Susan Savage 2003–2011
Attorney General Drew Edmondson 2003–2011
State Auditor and Inspector Jeff McMahan 2003–2008
Steve Burrage 2008–2011
State Treasurer Robert Butkin 2003–2005
Scott Meacham 2005–2011
Insurance Commissioner Carroll Fisher 2003–2005
Kim Holland 2005–2011
Labor Commissioner Brenda Reneau 2003–2007
Lloyd Fields 2007–2011
Superintendent of Public Instruction Sandy Garrett 2003–2011
Secretary of Agriculture Terry Peach 2003–2011
Secretary of Commerce and Tourism Kathy Taylor 2003–2006
Natalie Shirley 2006–2011
Secretary of Education vacant 2003–2011
Secretary of Energy David Fleischaker 2003–2008
Bobby Wegener 2008–2011
Secretary of the Environment Miles Tolbert 2003–2008
J.D. Strong 2008–2011
Secretary of Finance and Revenue Scott Meacham 2005–2011
Secretary of Health Tom Adelson 2003–2004
Terry Cline 2004–2007
Mike Crutcher 2007–2009
Terri White 2009–2011
Secretary of Human Resources Oscar B. Jackson Jr. 2003–2011
Secretary of Human Services Howard Hendrick 2003–2011
Secretary of the Military Harry M. Wyatt III 2003–2009
Myles Deering 2009–2011
Secretary of Safety and Security Bob Ricks 2003
Kevin L. Ward 2004–2011
Secretary of Science and Technology Joseph W. Alexander 2004–2011
Secretary of Transportation Phil Tomlinson 2003–2009
Gary Ridley 2009–2011
Secretary of Veterans Affairs Norman Lamb 2003–2011

Henry was sworn in as Oklahoma's 26th governor on January 13, 2003, with the oath of office being administered by his cousin, federal appeals court judge Robert Harlan Henry.[9] As governor, he was a member of the National Governors Association, the Southern Governors' Association, and the Democratic Governors Association. He was the president of the Council of State Governments in 2007.[10]

Henry was generally seen as a moderate Democrat.[11][12] Henry is pro-choice and has vetoed legislation to mandate ultrasound viewings prior to abortion procedures. He has a mixed view of racial affirmative action, supporting it in college and graduate schools, but not in hiring for the bureaucracy. Henry supports expanding public healthcare and holding HMOs accountable for poor care; however, he also is in favor of upholding the death penalty and is against gun control. The governor supports tax cuts for the lower and middle classes and believes in keeping the income tax; he also supports using the "War on Drugs" strategy to combat methamphetamine use within his state.[12]

Henry made national headlines by giving sanctuary from the controversial redistricting warrant to Texas Democrats in that state's legislature by allowing them to travel across state lines into Oklahoma en masse to deny a quorum for voting on a redistricting plan. "Our position is that, without a warrant signed by a judge, we have no authority. Even under those circumstances, we are hesitant to get pulled into a Texas political battle. If we're going to do battle with Texas, we prefer that it be on the football field," Henry said through his spokesman.[13]

On May 27, 2004, Governor Brad Henry issued Executive Order 04-21, which created the Governor's Ethnic American Advisory Council.[14] The Ethnic American Advisory Council then published an English translation of the Quran embossed with the Oklahoma State seal which was then distributed to 149 Oklahoma state legislators.[15] There were 35 lawmakers who declined to accept the copy of the Quran that they were offered.[16] After refusing the copy of the Quran, Republican State Representative Rex Duncan wrote a letter to his colleagues explaining, "Most Oklahomans do not endorse the idea of killing innocent women and children in the name of ideology."[17]

In 2003, Henry signed bills into law that: made downloading child pornography a crime, strengthened the financial oversight of HMOs by the state, created a $300,000 cap on noneconomic damages for obstetric and emergency room cases except in wrongful death cases or if negligence is shown and made other changes to regulate medical liability actions, penalized predatory lending, authorized payday lending, and placed a moratorium on the sale of water from a sole source aquifer.[18] He also was a strong supporter of a ballot proposal to establish a statewide lottery to benefit schools.[18]

Henry with FEMA Administrator R. David Paulison, 2008

In 2004, he signed a bill into law that set out a total of $2,100 in across-the-board salary increases for state employees, public school teachers and state troopers.[19] He also signed legislation to limit the sale of pseudoephedrine used to make crystal meth.[19]

In 2008, he vetoed an anti-abortion measure which required, among other things, women to get an ultrasound before having an abortion. The veto was overridden and was the first override in Oklahoma since 1994, when Gov. David Walters was in office.[20] That law was struck down by a state district court, but passed again in April 2010, whereupon Henry again vetoed it.[21] His veto was again overridden.[22] However, that same year, Henry signed legislation that would prevent women from getting abortions based on the gender of the fetus, require that only qualified physicians administer mifepristone and protect employees who refuse to participate in abortions.[23]

Despite high job approval ratings and avoidance of controversy, Oklahoma voters approved a term limit holding the governor to a total length of time of eight years in office. The law already provided for a term limit of two consecutive terms for the governor. This effectively prohibited Henry, then 47, from making a comeback attempt at a later date.[24]

Oklahoma Supreme Court appointments[edit]

Governor Henry appointed the following Justices to the Oklahoma Supreme Court:

Budget proposals[edit]

Governor Henry submitted the following budgets to the Oklahoma Legislature: 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011.

Post-Gubernatorial Career[edit]

Henry was seen as a candidate for President of the University of Central Oklahoma.[25] However, the state's largest newspapers, The Daily Oklahoman and The Tulsa World, both editorialized against the appointment of Henry as UCO president by the UCO Board of Regents, which was appointed by Henry. Another candidate, Don Betz, was named to the position. Henry was considered a likely choice to be Dean of the Oklahoma City University School of Law. However, U.S. Federal Magistrate Valerie Couch was appointed. As governor, Henry appointed 5 members of the Oklahoma Supreme Court and delivered the 2010 commencement address at the OCU School of Law.

In 2013, supporters had asked Henry to run in the 2014 elections against incumbent Republican governor Mary Fallin, but he declined.[26] However, Henry said the term limit initiative voters passed didn't apply to him as he had already been term limited by the State Constitution before the proposition was approved.[27] Henry was considered a contender for the 2014 U.S. Senate Special Election,[28] but ultimately did not run. He would also be sought out for the election for a full term 2 years later, but again, was not a candidate.[29]

On June 8, 2016, Henry joined the law firm Spencer Fane.[30]

Election results[edit]


Oklahoma gubernatorial election 2002 results map. Red denotes counties won by Steve Largent, Blue denotes those won by Brad Henry.
Summary of the 2002 Oklahoma gubernatorial election results
Candidates Party Votes %
  Brad Henry Democratic Party 448,143 43.27%
  Steve Largent Republican Party 441,277 42.61%
  Gary Richardson Independent 146,200 14.12%
Total 1,035,620 100.0%
Source: 2002 Election Results


Oklahoma gubernatorial election 2006 results map. Red denotes counties won by Ernest Istook, Blue denotes those won by Brad Henry.
Summary of the November 7, 2006 Oklahoma gubernatorial election results
Candidates Party Votes %
  Brad Henry (Incumbent) Democratic Party 616,033 66.50%
  Ernest Istook Republican Party 310,273 33.50%
Total 926,306 100.0%
Source: 2006 Election Results


  1. ^ Everett, Dianna. "Henry, Charles Bradford". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Governor/Oklahoma." American Votes 2006. CNN.com. Retrieved 10–13–09.
  3. ^ "Can Republicans Win the Senate in 2014? - NYTimes.com". Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 2014-01-09.
  4. ^ a b c Everett, Dianna (2009). "Henry, Charles Bradford (1963– )". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (online ed.). Oklahoma Historical Society.
  5. ^ a b "Oklahoma Governor Brad Henry" Archived February 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine National Governor's Association . Retrieved February 19, 2010.
  6. ^ "General Election November 5, 2002." Archived November 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine State Election Board. Retrieved 10–13–09.
  7. ^ "Brad Henry wins Democrat nomination". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-08-23.
  8. ^ Jenkins, Ron."Henry Scores Historic Win Over Istook in Okla. Governor's Race." Associated Press, November 9, 2006. Retrieved 10–13–09.
  9. ^ Snyder, Carmel Perez (2003-01-14). "Henry sworn in as governor". The Oklahoman. Archived from the original on 2022-09-25. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  10. ^ Griffin, David (2005-12-05). "Governor to lead government council". www.newson6.com. Archived from the original on 2021-07-30. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  11. ^ The Oklahoman (2002-09-08). "For Brad Henry He's Smart, Savvy and Honest". The Oklahoman. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  12. ^ a b "Brad Henry on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  13. ^ Hockstader, Lee (2003-05-14). "TEXAS LAWMAKERS HIDE OUT IN HOTEL OVER OKLAHOMA LINE". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  14. ^ "Governor's Ethnic American Advisory Committee." Oklahoma Office of Personnel Management. Retrieved 10–13–09.
  15. ^ "Oklahoma: Koran Controversy". The New York Times. Associated Press. 2007-10-25. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2015-06-05. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  16. ^ Hinton, Mick. "Worldwide notice of Quran flap surprises all involved." Tulsa World, November 4, 2007. Retrieved 10–13–09.
  17. ^ Jerusalem Post Staff (2007-10-24). "Oklahoma lawmakers object to gift of Qurans, return their copies". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  18. ^ a b 2003 Session Highlights Archived May 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Oklahoma House of Representatives (accessed June 28, 2013)
  19. ^ a b 2004 Session Highlights Archived May 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Oklahoma House of Representatives (accessed June 4, 2013)
  20. ^ Hoberock, Barbara. "Henry's veto is overthrown." Tulsa World, April 18, 2008. Retrieved 10–13–08.
  21. ^ Hoberock, Barbara (2010-04-24). "Henry vetoes 2 abortion bills". Tulsa World. Archived from the original on 2010-04-24. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  22. ^ Talley, Tim (2010-04-29). "Okla. House overrides abortion restriction vetoes". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  23. ^ McNuutt, Michael (2010-04-06). "Oklahoma Gov. Brad Henry signs 3 anti-abortion bills". Archived from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  24. ^ Oklahoma State Election Board
  25. ^ Hatcher, Nathan (2011-01-25). "Henry presidency may extend to UCO -". MediaOCU. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  26. ^ BUREAU, WORLD CAPITOL (2013-09-06). "Former Oklahoma Gov. Brad Henry ends 2014 speculation, won't run for third term". Tulsa World. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  27. ^ MURPHY, SEAN (2013-09-06). "Former Oklahoma Gov. Brad Henry won't rule out 2014 governor bid". The Oklahoman. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  28. ^ MURPHY, SEAN (2014-01-20). "US Rep. Lankford announces run for US Senate seat". San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  29. ^ Casteel, Chris (2016-11-09). "Lankford, 4 congressman secure new terms". Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise. Archived from the original on 2023-09-02. Retrieved 2023-09-02.
  30. ^ "Former Oklahoma Governor Brad Henry Joins Spencer Fane". 8 June 2016.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
2002, 2006
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Oklahoma
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former Governor Order of precedence of the United States Succeeded byas Former Governor