Bradfield Highway (Sydney)

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Not to be confused with Bradfield Highway (Brisbane).
Bradfield Highway
New South Wales
Cahill expressway from bridge.jpg
Bradfield Highway, south-westerly aspect
General information
Type Highway
Length 2.5 km (1.6 mi)[3]
Opened 1932
Gazetted 19 March 1932 (1932-03-19)[4]
Maintained by Roads & Maritime Services
Former
route number
  • National Route 1 (1955–1992)[1]
  • No Shield (1992–1993)
  • Metroad 2 (1993–2006)[2]
  • Entire Route
Major junctions
North end
South end
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in New South Wales

The Bradfield Highway is a highway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. At 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi)[3] long it is one of the shortest highways in Australia.

The highway was opened on 19 March 1932 and was named in honour of Dr John Bradfield. As a government-appointed civil engineer, Bradfield oversaw the tendering process for the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, and as the NSW Public Works Department chief engineer had oversight of the bridge design and construction. Amid some controversy, Bradfield was also considered to be the co-designer of the bridge's arch design, along with Dorman Long and Sir Ralph Freeman.[4][5][6][7]

Route[edit]

The southern terminus of the Bradfield Highway is at the northeastern end of the Western Distributor in the Sydney central business district and crosses the Sydney Harbour Bridge, with its northern terminus at the Warringah Freeway in North Sydney, north of the Pacific Highway exit at the Mount Street ramp. Prior to the construction of the Warringah Freeway in 1968, all traffic at the northern terminus of the Bradfield Highway was directed to or from the Pacific Highway, via North Sydney.[5]:Construction of the Warringah Freeway (image)

The Bradfield Highway currently carries six lanes of traffic across the eight lane Sydney Harbour Bridge. The other two traffic lanes on the Sydney Harbour Bridge are used for the Cahill Expressway, which run only southbound on the bridge. During peak periods three out of the six lanes are reversed, giving a 2 × 4, 3 × 3 or 5 × 1 flow. The default is 4 × 2, being four north lanes and two south lanes (with the additional two lanes of the Cahill Expressway providing an even flow of traffic). The direction of the lanes is indicated by electronic signage above each lane. The lanes are numbered one to six from west to east. Lane six was also reversed prior to 1990 during the evening rush hour, giving a 6 × 0 flow, however this no longer occurs because of changes made to the Warringah Freeway to accommodate the Sydney Harbour Tunnel.

In 2001, 159,587 vehicles a day used the highway.[8]

In August 1992 the Sydney Harbour Tunnel opened which helped to relieve congestion on the Bradfield Highway.[9]

The Bradfield Highway is a designated stock route.[10]

Road toll[edit]

A road toll is levied on all vehicles travelling across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, via the Bradfield Highway or the Cahill Expressway in a southerly direction only. A toll also applies for vehicles travelling in the same direction using the Sydney Harbour Tunnel. In November 2014 NSW Roads & Maritime Services proposed an to upgrade the tolling infrastructure which included the construction new tolling gantries at four locations on the northern approaches to the bridge, covering the Bradfield Highway, Cahill Expressway and the Sydney Harbour Tunnel, and the removal of existing tolling gantries at both the northern and southern bridge termini.[11]

Exits and interchanges[edit]

LGA Location km[3] mi Destinations Notes
North Sydney North Sydney 0 0.0 Warringah Freeway (M1) – Crows Nest, Mosman, Hornsby, Newcastle, Brisbane Includes access from Military Road, Falcon Street and the Gore Hill Freeway
Mount Street – North Sydney Southbound entrance only.
0.4 0.25 Pacific Highway – North Sydney, Chatswood, Artarmon Northbound exit only. Access from Pacific Highway to the Bradfield Highway from the north is via Mount Street or Falcon Street
Milsons Point 0.5 0.31 Lavender Street – Milsons Point, McMahons Point, Kirribilli and Luna Park Northbound exit only.
Port Jackson 1 0.62 Sydney Harbour Bridge (Toll on southbound carriage only)
Sydney Sydney CBD 2.5 1.6 Western Distributor (A4) – Haymarket, Ashfield, Parramatta Bradfield Highway continues south as the Western Distributor
Cahill Expressway – The Domain Northbound entrance only
York Street – Sydney central business district Southbound exit only
Clarence Street – Sydney central business district Northbound entrance only
Grosvenor Street – Sydney central business district
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata

Australia road sign W5-29.svg Australian Roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sydney Harbour Crossings, Ozroads, Retrieved on 3 June 2013.[self-published source]
  2. ^ Former Alignment of Metroad 2, Ozroads, Retrieved on 3 June 2013.[self-published source]
  3. ^ a b c "Warringah Fwy & Mount St & Bradfield Hwy & Arthur St, New South Wales to Sydney Harbour Bridge". Google Maps. 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Spearritt, Peter (1979). "Bradfield, John Job Crew (1867–1943)" (hardcopy). Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Sydney Harbour Bridge". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  6. ^ Department of Environment and Heritage. "Draft nomination for Sydney Harbour Bridge" (PDF). National Heritage List: Nomination Form. Engineers Australia. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Australian Heritage Database: National Heritage List: Sydney Harbour Bridge". Department of the Environment. Australian Government. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Sydney Harbour Bridge page". Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "The Sydney Harbour Tunnel". Air Quality in Tunnels. New South Wales, Australia: NSW Government: Transport, Roads & Maritime Services. p. 9. RMS 12 178. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "NSW drovers rally to save historic travelling stock routes". Wilderness Society. 27 August 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "Have your say: Sydney Harbour Bridge Tolling Systems Upgrade" (PDF). Roads & Maritime Services. NSW Government. November 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2016. 

External links[edit]