Bradford City Hall

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Bradford City Hall
Bradford City Hall by John Illingworth.jpg
City Hall
General information
Architectural styleVenetian gothic
Classification
Listed Building – Grade I
Designated14 June 1963
Reference no.1133675
Town or cityBradford
CountryEngland
Coordinates53°47′32″N 1°45′12″W / 53.7923°N 1.7533°W / 53.7923; -1.7533 (Bradford City Hall)Coordinates: 53°47′32″N 1°45′12″W / 53.7923°N 1.7533°W / 53.7923; -1.7533 (Bradford City Hall)
Construction started1870
Completed1873
Extensions 1909; 1914
Cost£100,000 in 1873
ClientBradford Council
Technical details
Structural systemGaisby rock sandstone
Design and construction
ArchitectLockwood and Mawson 1873
Norman Shaw 1909
William Williamson 1914

Bradford City Hall is a 19th-century town hall in Centenary Square, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. It is notable for its landmark bell/clock tower and is a Grade I listed building.[1]

History[edit]

View of City Hall from Centenary Square

Before its relocation, between 1847 and 1873, the town hall had been the Fire Station House in Swain Street. In 1869, a new triangular site was purchased, and a competition held for a design to rival the town halls of Leeds and Halifax.[1] The local firm of Lockwood and Mawson was chosen over the other 31 entries. It was built by John Ives & Son of Shipley and took three years to build at a cost of £100,000.[2] It was opened by Matthew Thompson, the mayor, on 9 September 1873.[3][2]

It was first extended in 1909 to a design by Norman Shaw and executed by architect F.E.P. Edwards, with another council chamber, more committee rooms and a banqueting hall.[1]

On 14 March 1912 Winston Churchill gave a speech outside the hall in which he called for the people to "go forward together and put these grave matters to the proof".[4] It was extended again with a new entrance and staircase in baroque marble by William Williamson in 1914.[2]

In 1965 the name was changed to City Hall to reflect Bradford's prominence, and the building was improved at a cost of £12,000.[2] After the bells stopped in 1992 due to decay of the bell frame, they were repaired with National Lottery funds in 1997.[2]

In 2000, Barbara Jane Harrison was commemorated in a memorial display in the City Hall[5] and in October 2006, the building was illuminated for Bradford Festival by artist Patrice Warrener.[6] In 2007 the City Hall filled in for Manchester Crown Court for the duration of the trial of Tracy Barlow in Coronation Street.[7]

In December 2007 the City Hall turned the city's nine Christmas trees into woodchips as fuel for its new heating boilers.[8] An access tunnel was dug from the roadway to install the boilers in early 2008.[9]

Tower and flagpole

Description[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The 1872 clock shortly before replacement in 1947.

The building was designed in the Venetian style. The bell tower was inspired by Palazzo Vecchio in Florence. The top of the tower is 200 feet (61 m) high.[1] It contains 13 bells, installed in 1872, which weighed 13 tons 3 quarters and 6lbs and cost £1,765. They first rang at the opening in 1873. Currently (2016) they ring every 15 minutes and play tunes at midday and late afternoon plus carols in December.[2] The clock, installed in 1872 at a cost of £2,248 5s was in operation until 1947. In that year it was replaced by a more modern mechanism.[10]

There are a series of statues of past monarchs on the façade.[1] The London firm Farmer & Brindley carved them from Cliffe Wood stone, from the local quarry on Bolton Road, at a cost of £63 each.[2] On the side facing Centenary Square, the line of monarchs includes Oliver Cromwell.[11] There is a flush bracket on the building with a code number once used to log the height above sea level.[12]

The two flagpoles carry the flag of Wales on Saint David's Day and the flag of Australia on Australia Day. Flag use in response to major world disasters is made according to Government guidelines.[2] The flags also reflect royal events, such as coronations and weddings.[2]

The building is set in Centenary Square, which was developed and pedestrianised in 1997, the city's centenary. Staff give tours of the building on request.[2] Annually in September the City Hall holds a heritage weekend, when visitors can see more of the building.[13]

Interior[edit]

Council Chamber

In the banqueting hall is a 19th-century overmantel and frieze carved by C.R. Millar. The frieze carries the Bradford city motto: Labor omnia vincit (Hard work conquers all), reflecting the ethos of an industrial city, and the work ethic of the Evangelical movement represented by many local chapels. The figures on the frieze represent the wool trade between Bradford and the world, besides architecture and the arts.[11]

Bells[edit]

The bells have played "The Star-Spangled Banner" to mark the three minutes' silence for those who died due to terrorism. When an eminent Bradfordian dies, the City Hall flags fly at half mast until the funeral is over, while the minute bell rings for an hour after receipt of notice, and for an hour at the time of the funeral. At the memorial in 2005 of the 1985 Bradford City stadium fire, "Dozens of people broke down in tears as the City Hall bells played You'll Never Walk Alone and Abide with Me in tribute to the victims."[14]

However the bells normally play happier tunes, and in 2001 there was talk of replacing the old computer application which controlled the bells, so that they could play pop music.[15] The bells can now be programmed to play any tune, subject to musical arrangement and technical limitations. The bells have played No Matter What[16] several times in 2001, when Whistle Down the Wind was playing at the Alhambra; the operator of the bells was able to see the theatre steps from the bell tower, and timed the peals with the audience's exit. This meant that the superintendent had to undertake the long climb up the tower at 10.30 pm every day for a week, as the bell system was still under repair. In 2010, the bells played the theme tune from Coronation Street when the cast was filming in the area.[17]

View of Bradford showing tower of City Hall

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "Bradford City Hall (1133675)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council: History of City Hall". Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  3. ^ "City for Peace". Archived from the original on 8 August 2009.
  4. ^ "How many times did Churchill say, "Let us go forward together"?". The Churchill Project. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  5. ^ Ottaway, Susan (2008). "Chapter 11". Fire over Heathrow, The Tragedy of Flight 712. Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books. pp. 157–63. ISBN 978-1-84415-739-6.
  6. ^ "Images of Bradford Festival illuminations 2006". Haworth Village. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Coronation Street stars head for Bradford City Hall". BBC News. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Green heating for Bradford City Hall". Telegraph & Argus. 1 December 2007. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Biomass and Bradford MBC" (PDF). City of Bradford MBC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  10. ^ Bradford Centenary Year Book. Printed by Yorkshire Observer 1947. "The Town Hall"
  11. ^ a b "NGFL: Bradford City Hall description". Archived from the original on 16 January 2010.
  12. ^ "Flush bracket on City Hall". Bench-marks. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  13. ^ "September heritage weekend". BBC. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Tears as Bradford fire victims remembered". The Daily Telegraph. 1 May 2005. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  15. ^ "It's toll of the pops". Telegraph and Argus. 4 April 2001. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  16. ^ "City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council". Leisure and Culture: History of City Hall. Bradford MDC. 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
  17. ^ Information from operator of Bradford City Hall bells superintendent, March 2010

External links[edit]