Bradford East (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Population||113,820 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||74,205 (December 2019)|
|Member of Parliament||Imran Hussain (Labour Party (UK))|
|Created from||Bradford North|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Bradford North|
Bradford East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Imran Hussain of the Labour Party.[n 2]
Bradford East covers the north east and east parts of Bradford and has a significant number of non-white residents. Residents are poorer than the UK average.
The constituency had existed from 1885 to 1974. Following a 2007–2009 review of parliamentary boundaries in West Yorkshire by the Boundary Commission for England, the Bradford North constituency was abolished and Bradford East created for the 2010 general election.
Municipal boundaries of Bradford
Bradford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford, Horton and Manningham. It became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bolton and Undercliffe, Bowling, Heaton, Thornbury and Tyersall. In 1899 it was further expanded by adding North Bierley, Eccleshill, Idle, Thornton, Tong and Wyke. Clayton was added in 1930.
From 1974 the county borough was merged with the Borough of Keighley, the Urban Districts of Baildon, Bingley, Denholme, Cullingworth, Ilkley, Shipley and Silsden, along with part of Queensbury and Shelf Urban District and part of Skipton Rural District by the Local Government Act 1972.
1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, was divided into three single-member constituencies from the 1885 general election. Bradford East was the eastern third of Bradford and was approximately rectangular in shape. It consisted of the wards of Bradford Moor, East, East Bowling, South, and West Bowling. It bordered Pudsey to the east, Elland in the south, Bradford Central to the west and Shipley in the north.
1918–1950: In this period the constituency comprised the wards of Bradford Moor, East Bowling, Tong, and West Bowling. It was located in the south-east corner of the city of Bradford.
1950–1955: The constituency was expanded to the south-west, to include territory formerly in the Bradford South seat. The Bradford Moor area, in the north of the old East division, was transferred to Bradford Central. The wards allocated to the East division from 1950 were East Bowling, Little Horton, North Bierley East, Tong, and West Bowling.
1955–1974: The 1955 redistribution removed the western part of the old East division and expanded the seat north. North Bierley East and West Bowling wards were transferred to Bradford South. The East seat from 1955 comprised the wards of East Bowling, Exchange, Listerhills, Little Horton, South, and Tong.
In 1974 the East seat disappeared. The Bowling area became part of Bradford North; Tong joined Bradford South; and Little Horton became part of Bradford West.
From 2010: The new Bradford East is the successor seat to the Bradford North constituency, which was created for the 1918 general election. The report into the boundary review says;
- "5. The Assistant Commissioner reported that he was also called upon to consider alternative names submitted for Bradford East. He rejected a number of alternatives... as he considered they did not have any merit.... He also rejected the submissions that proposed that the name Bradford North should be retained...."
The wards in this new constituency are entirely within the Bradford city boundaries:
- Bolton and Undercliffe, Bowling and Barkerend, Bradford Moor, Eccleshill, Idle and Thackley and Little Horton
Members of Parliament
MPs since 2010
|2010||David Ward||Liberal Democrats|
|Oct 2013||Liberal Democrats|
The original constituency had its first contest at the 1885 general election and its last at the 1970 general election.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Jeanette Sunderland||3,316||7.5||+5.7|
|Brexit Party||Jonathan Barras||2,700||6.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Jewell||843||1.8||-27.7|
|Better for Bradford||Paul Parkins||420||0.9||New|
|Liberal Democrats||David Ward||12,228||29.5||-4.2|
|British Democratic||James Lewthwaite||210||0.5||New|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||+9.0|
|Liberal Democrats||David Ward||13,637||33.7||+3.9|
|National Front||Gerry Robinson||222||0.5||New|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Labour||Swing||+7.6[n 3]|
Election in the 1970s
|Conservative||Christopher J Barr||8,208||31.31|
Elections in the 1960s
|National Liberal||Henry Sissling||8,091||30.50|
|National Liberal||D Trevor Lewis||11,075||38.16|
Elections in the 1950s
|National Liberal||Desmond A Dagleish||14,529||42.01|
|National Liberal||George C Barber||14,713||38.41|
|National Liberal||Frederick William Howard Cook||16,999||37.12|
|National Liberal||Geoffrey Francis Greenbank||12,527||27.0||+0.9|
|Liberal||Joseph Stanley Snowden||5,565||12.0||-2.3|
Election in the 1940s
|Ind. Labour Party||Will Ballantine||5,105||14.6||-12.0|
|Liberal||Joseph Stanley Snowden||5,010||14.3||-4.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Ind. Labour Party||Fred Jowett||8,983||26.61||New|
|Ind. Labour Party||Fred Jowett||15,779||41.19|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Election in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.8|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing||+10.0|
|National Liberal||Charles Edgar Loseby||9,926||33.2||−7.9|
|Liberal||Harry Medforth Dawson ||6,411||21.4||+0.4|
|Labour gain from National Democratic||Swing||+7.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|C||National Democratic||Charles Edgar Loseby||9,390||41.1||New|
|National Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the summer of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election. Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.
- British Socialist Party: John Stokes
|Social Democratic Federation||Edward Hartley||1,740||12.0||−10.8|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||V H Caillard||4,277||31.6||−20.6|
|Social Democratic Federation||Edward Hartley||3,090||22.8||New|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.7|
Elections in the 1890s
|Ind. Labour Party||Keir Hardie||1,953||17.1||New|
|Conservative||Henry Byron Reed||5,843||53.2||+4.1|
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||5,139||46.8||−4.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.1|
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||5,575||50.9||+2.6|
|Conservative||Henry Byron Reed||5,373||49.1||−2.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Henry Byron Reed||4,519||51.7||+3.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.6|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
- ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- ^ Based on notional 2005 results by ward
- ^ "Bradford East: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- ^ "Constituency data: electorates – House of Commons Library". Parliament UK. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- ^ Bradford Council https://jsna.bradford.gov.uk/documents/Community%20Partnership%20and%20area%20profiles/01%20Area%20Committee%20Health%20Profiles/Bradford%20East%20-%20Area%20Profile%202021.pdf
- ^ Electoral Calculus https://www.electoralcalculus.co.uk/fcgi-bin/seatdetails.py?seat=Bradford+East
- ^ "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford East 1885–1974. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
- ^ "Bradford East Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
- ^ "Former Lib Dem MP accused of anti-Semitism to contest Bradford East". Yorkshire Post.
- ^ "GENERAL ELECTION 2017: Candidates announced for Bradford's constituencies". Bradford Telegraph and Argus.
- ^ "Bradford East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC.
- ^ "Bradford East". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- ^ "Parliamentary Election Bradford East Constituency" (PDF). Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
- ^ "Election 2010: Bradford East". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ British parliamentary election results 1950–1970, Craig, F.W.S.
- ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Archived from the original on 8 March 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- ^ British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F.W.S.
- ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- ^ ‘DAWSON, Harry Medforth’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014; online edn, April 2014 accessed 13 Oct 2017
- ^ "British Socialist Party". Manchester Guardian. 13 April 1914.
- ^ a b c d e f g Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- ^ a b British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (The Macmillan Press 1974)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bradford East — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
- Parliamentary constituencies in Yorkshire and the Humber
- Politics of Bradford
- Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom established in 1885
- Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom disestablished in 1974
- Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom established in 2010