Bradford East (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bradford East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bradford East in West Yorkshire
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England
CountyWest Yorkshire
Population113,820 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate66,718 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBradford
Current constituency
Created2010
Member of ParliamentImran Hussain (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromBradford North
18851974
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Replaced byBradford North
Created fromBradford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyYorkshire and the Humber

Bradford East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Labour's Imran Hussain. [n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency had existed from 1885 to 1974. Following a 2007–2009 review of parliamentary boundaries in West Yorkshire by the Boundary Commission for England, the Bradford North constituency was abolished and Bradford East created for the 2010 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Municipal boundaries of Bradford[edit]

Bradford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford, Horton and Manningham. It became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bolton and Undercliffe, Bowling, Heaton, Thornbury and Tyersall. In 1899 it was further expanded by adding North Bierley, Eccleshill, Idle, Thornton, Tong and Wyke. Clayton was added in 1930.

From 1974 the county borough was merged with the Borough of Keighley, the Urban Districts of Baildon, Bingley, Denholme, Cullingworth, Ilkley, Shipley and Silsden, along with part of Queensbury and Shelf Urban District and part of Skipton Rural District by the Local Government Act 1972.

Parliamentary boundaries[edit]

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, was divided into three single-member constituencies from the 1885 general election. Bradford East was the eastern third of Bradford and was approximately rectangular in shape. It consisted of the wards of Bradford Moor, East, East Bowling, South, and West Bowling. It bordered Pudsey to the east, Elland in the south, Bradford Central to the west and Shipley in the north.

1918–1950: In this period the constituency comprised the wards of Bradford Moor, East Bowling, Tong, and West Bowling. It was located in the south-east corner of the city of Bradford.

1950–1955: The constituency was expanded to the south-west, to include territory formerly in the Bradford South seat. The Bradford Moor area, in the north of the old East division, was transferred to Bradford Central. The wards allocated to the East division from 1950 were East Bowling, Little Horton, North Bierley East, Tong, and West Bowling.

1955–1974: The 1955 redistribution removed the western part of the old East division and expanded the seat north. North Bierley East and West Bowling wards were transferred to Bradford South. The East seat from 1955 comprised the wards of East Bowling, Exchange, Listerhills, Little Horton, South, and Tong.

In 1974 the East seat disappeared. The Bowling area became part of Bradford North; Tong joined Bradford South; and Little Horton became part of Bradford West.

From 2010: The new Bradford East is the successor seat to the Bradford North constituency, which was created for the 1918 general election. The report into the boundary review says;

"5. The Assistant Commissioner reported that he was also called upon to consider alternative names submitted for Bradford East. He rejected a number of alternatives... as he considered they did not have any merit.... He also rejected the submissions that proposed that the name Bradford North should be retained...."

The wards in this new constituency are entirely within the Bradford city boundaries:

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1974[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Sir Angus Holden, later Baron Holden Liberal
1886 Henry Byron Reed Conservative
1892 William Sproston Caine Liberal
1895 Henry Byron Reed Conservative
1896 by-election Ronald Greville Conservative
1906 William Priestley Liberal
1918 Charles Edgar Loseby Coalition National Democratic
1922 Fred Jowett Labour
1924 Thomas Fenby Liberal
1929 Fred Jowett Labour
1931 Joseph Hepworth Conservative
1945 Frank McLeavy Labour
1966 Edward Lyons Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

MPs since 2010[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
2010 David Ward Liberal Democrats
Jul 2013 Independent
Oct 2013 Liberal Democrats
2015 Imran Hussain Labour

Elections[edit]

The original constituency had its first contest at the 1885 general election and its last at the 1970 general election.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2017: Bradford East[5][6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Imran Hussain 29,831 65.4 +18.7
Conservative Mark Trafford 9,291 20.4 +9.1
Independent David Ward 3,576 7.8 N/A
UKIP Jonathan Barras 1,372 3.0 -6.9
Liberal Democrat Mark Jewell 843 1.8 -27.7
Better for Bradford Paul Parkins 420 0.9 N/A
Green Andy Stanford 289 0.6 -1.5
Majority 20,540 45.0 +27.9
Turnout 45,622 64.8 +2.2
Labour hold Swing +4.8
General election 2015: Bradford East[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Imran Hussain 19,312 46.6 +13.8
Liberal Democrat David Ward 12,228 29.5 -4.2
Conservative Iftikhar Ahmed 4,682 11.3 -15.5
UKIP Owais Rajput 4,103 9.9 N/A
Green David Stevens 871 2.1 N/A
British Democratic James Lewthwaite 210 0.5 N/A
Majority 7,084 17.1 +16.2
Turnout 41,406 62.6 +0.5
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +9.0
General election 2010: Bradford East[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat David Ward 13,637 33.7 +3.9
Labour Terry Rooney 13,272 32.8 −11.3
Conservative Mohammad Riaz 10,860 26.8 +9.4
BNP Neville Poynton 1,854 4.6 −1.0
Independent Raja Hussain 375 0.9 +0.9
Independent Peter Shields 237 0.6 +0.6
National Front Gerry Robinson 222 0.5 +0.5
Majority 365 0.9
Turnout 40,457 62.1 +8.0
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing 7.6[n 3]

Election in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1970: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Lyons 17,346 66.17
Conservative Christopher J Barr 8,208 31.31
Liberal Ghulam Musa 660 2.52
Majority 9,138 34.86
Turnout 64.75
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General election 1966: Bradford East[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Lyons 18,435 69.50
Conservative and National Liberal Henry Sissling 8,091 30.50
Majority 10,344 39.00
Turnout 65.12
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Bradford East[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 17,945 61.84
Conservative and National Liberal D Trevor Lewis 11,075 38.16
Majority 6,870 23.67
Turnout 66.84
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General election 1959: Bradford East[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 20,056 57.99
Conservative and National Liberal Desmond A Dagleish 14,529 42.01
Majority 5,527 15.98
Turnout 72.79
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Bradford East[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 23,588 61.59
Conservative and National Liberal George C Barber 14,713 38.41
Majority 8,875 23.17
Turnout 74.44
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Bradford East[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 28,796 62.88
Conservative and National Liberal Frederick William Howard Cook 16,999 37.12
Majority 11,797 25.76
Turnout 84.28
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Bradford East[20][21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 27,694 59.8
Conservative and National Liberal Geoffrey Francis Greenbank 12,527 27.0
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,565 12.0
Communist H Green 543 1.2
Majority 15,167 32.7
Turnout 84.6
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General election 1945: Bradford East[23] Electorate 44,305
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank McLeavy 15,743 45.0
Conservative William Taylor 9,109 26.1
Ind. Labour Party William Ballantine 5,105 14.6
Liberal Joseph Stanley Snowden 5,010 14.3
Majority 6,634 19.0
Turnout 78.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General election 1935: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Hepworth 11,131 32.98
Ind. Labour Party Fred Jowett 8,983 26.61
Labour Wilfred Heywood 7,329 21.71
Liberal Thomas Fenby 6,312 18.70
Majority 2,148 6.36
Turnout 73.04
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Bradford East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Hepworth 22,532 58.81
Ind. Labour Party Fred Jowett 15,779 41.19
Majority 6,753 17.63
Turnout 82.40
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1920s[edit]

Fenby
General election 1929: Bradford East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Jowett 21,398 54.7 +4.8
Liberal Thomas Fenby 17,701 45.3 −4.8
Majority 3,697 9.4 N/A
Turnout 39,099 83.4 +2.6
Registered electors 46,856
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +4.8
General election 1924: Bradford East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Fenby 15,240 50.1 +21.7
Labour Fred Jowett 15,174 49.9 +1.8
Majority 66 0.2 N/A
Turnout 30,414 80.8 +5.2
Registered electors 37,658
Liberal gain from Labour Swing +10.0
General election 6 December 1923: Bradford East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Jowett 13,579 48.1 +2.7
Liberal Eckersley Mitchell 8,017 28.4 +7.0
Unionist James Clare 6,622 23.5 N/A
Majority 5,562 19.7 +7.5
Turnout 28,218 75.6 −5.8
Registered electors 37,323
Labour hold Swing −2.2
General election 6 December 1922: Bradford East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Fred Jowett 13,573 45.4 +7.5
National Liberal Charles Edgar Loseby 9,926 33.2 −7.9
Liberal Harry Medforth Dawson[25] 6,411 21.4 +0.4
Majority 3,647 12.2 N/A
Turnout 29,910 81.4 +19.0
Registered electors 36,758
Labour gain from National Democratic Swing +7.7

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election 1918: Bradford East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C National Democratic Charles Edgar Loseby 9,390 41.1
Labour Fred Jowett 8,637 37.9
Liberal William Priestley 4,782 21.0
Majority 753 3.2 N/A
Turnout 22,809 62.4
Registered electors 36,580
National Democratic gain from Liberal Swing
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the summer of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election. Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.

General election December 1910: Bradford East [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Priestley 7,778 62.2 +8.9
Conservative R.M.H.J. Mortimer 4,734 37.8 +3.1
Majority 3,044 24.4 +5.8
Turnout 12,512 78.8 −2.3
Registered electors 15,884
Liberal hold Swing +2.9
General election January 1910: Bradford East [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Priestley 7,709 53.3 +7.7
Conservative J.H. Balfour-Browne 5,014 34.7 +3.1
Social Democratic Federation Edward Hartley 1,740 12.0 −10.8
Majority 2,695 18.6 +4.6
Turnout 14,463 91.1 +1.6
Registered electors 15,884
Liberal hold Swing +2.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

William Priestley
General election 1906: Bradford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Priestley 6,185 45.6 −1.3
Conservative V H Caillard 4,277 31.6 −20.6
Social Democratic Federation Edward Hartley 3,090 22.8 N/A
Majority 1,908 14.0 N/A
Turnout 13,552 89.5 +6.7
Registered electors 15,136
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.7
General election 1900: Bradford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Greville 6,121 52.2 −1.0
Liberal William Priestley 5,514 46.9 +0.1
Independent J. Sheldon 111 0.9 N/A
Majority 607 5.3 −1.1
Turnout 11,746 82.8 −1.7
Registered electors 14,189
Conservative hold Swing −0.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

By-election, 1896: Bradford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Greville 4,921 43.2 −10.0
Liberal Alfred Billson 4,526 39.7 −7.1
Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 1,953 17.1 N/A
Majority 395 3.5 −2.9
Turnout 11,400 86.6 +2.1
Registered electors 13,159
Conservative hold Swing −1.5
General election 1895: Bradford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Byron Reed 5,843 53.2 +4.1
Liberal William Sproston Caine 5,139 46.8 −4.1
Majority 704 6.4 N/A
Turnout 10,982 84.5 −2.7
Registered electors 12,997
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.1
General election 1892: Bradford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Sproston Caine 5,575 50.9 +2.6
Conservative Henry Byron Reed 5,373 49.1 −2.6
Majority 202 1.8 N/A
Turnout 10,948 87.2 +6.9
Registered electors 12,556
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1886: Bradford East [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Byron Reed 4,519 51.7 +3.6
Liberal Angus Holden 4,223 48.3 −3.6
Majority 296 3.4 N/A
Turnout 8,742 80.3 −3.1
Registered electors 10,887
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.6
Holden
General election 1885: Bradford East [28][29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Angus Holden 4,713 51.9 N/A
Conservative John Taylor 4,367 48.1 N/A
Majority 346 3.8 N/A
Turnout 9,080 83.4 N/A
Registered electors 10,887
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Based on notional 2005 results by ward

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bradford East: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford East 1885–1974. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
  5. ^ "Former Lib Dem MP accused of anti-Semitism to contest Bradford East". Yorkshire Post.
  6. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION 2017: Candidates announced for Bradford's constituencies". Bradford Telegraph and Argus.
  7. ^ "Bradford East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC.
  8. ^ "Bradford East". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  9. ^ Council, Bradford Metropolitan District. "Page not found" (PDF). Bradford Metropolitan District Council.
  10. ^ "Election 2010: Bradford East". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  11. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  12. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results 1950–1970, Craig, F.W.S.
  21. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  22. ^ [5]
  23. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F.W.S.
  24. ^ a b c d e British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  25. ^ ‘DAWSON, Harry Medforth’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 13 Oct 2017
  26. ^ "British Socialist Party". Manchester Guardian. 13 April 1914.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  28. ^ a b British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  29. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  30. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
Sources

External links[edit]