Bradford West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°48′N 1°47′W / 53.8°N 1.79°W / 53.8; -1.79

Bradford West
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Bradford West in West Yorkshire
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England
CountyWest Yorkshire
Population114,761 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate71,585 (December 2019)[2]
Major settlementsBradford
Current constituency
Created1955
Member of ParliamentNaz Shah (Labour)
Created fromBradford Central, Bradford North and Bradford South
18851918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Created fromBradford

Bradford West is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Naz Shah of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

Before 1974, the Labour and Conservative Parties held the seat marginally in various years, since which time the Labour Party always won the seat until 2012. In 1981, however, Edward Lyons, the sitting Bradford West MP, joined the newly established Social Democratic Party, consequently losing the seat at the 1983 general election.

In 1997, the seat was one of only two Labour seats in the country, the other being Bethnal Green and Bow in London, to have seen a swing towards the Conservatives away from Labour. This was because the local party association had selected a Sikh, Marsha Singh to stand when the majority of the seat’s population is Muslim.

George Galloway of the Respect Party won the seat in the 2012 Bradford West by-election with 55.9% of the votes cast; his 30.9% majority was at the time the largest majority in the history of the modern constituency, but he lost the seat in 2015 to the new Labour candidate Naz Shah by a substantial (28.3%) margin. Despite Galloway's threats to contest the result, he neither launched a legal challenge nor stood again in 2017, in which Shah surpassed his record by winning a majority of 48.1%, the largest margin for a Bradford West MP in any incarnation of the seat. Despite Galloway not standing, his former Respect colleague Salma Yaqoob did stand as an Independent, garnering 6,345 votes (13.9%), not far behind the second-placed Conservative candidate.

At the 2019 general election Shah increased her vote share by 11.5%. This was easily the highest increase in the Labour Party's vote share in any constituency in the United Kingdom, in an election where Labour's vote share decreased in all but 13 constituencies. This means that Bradford West has bucked the national trend twice, as it also did in 1997.[3]

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Bolton, Great Horton, Heaton, and Manningham.

1955–1974: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Great Horton, Heaton, Manningham, and Thornton.

1974–1983: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Heaton, Little Horton, Manningham, Thornton, and University.

1983–2010: The City of Bradford wards of Clayton, Heaton, Little Horton, Thornton, Toller, and University.

2010–present: The City of Bradford wards of City, Clayton and Fairweather Green, Heaton, Manningham, Thornton and Allerton, and Toller.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The constituency was originally created in 1885, but was abolished in 1918. For the 1955 general election the constituency was recreated, following a boundary review.[4]

Election Member[5][6][7][8] Party Notes
1885 Alfred Illingworth Liberal MP for Knaresborough 1868–1874, for Bradford 1880–1885
1895 Ernest Flower Conservative Defeated in 1906
1906 Fred Jowett Labour MP for Bradford East 1922–24, 1929–31
1918 constituency abolished
1955 constituency recreated
Arthur Tiley Conservative Defeated in 1966
1966 Norman Haseldine Labour Co-op Defeated in 1970
1970 John Wilkinson Conservative Defeated in Feb 1974. MP for Ruislip-Northwood from 1979 to 2005
Feb 1974 Edward Lyons Labour Elected as a Labour MP, defected to the SDP in 1981. Defeated in 1983
1981 SDP
1983 Max Madden Labour MP for Sowerby from 1974 to 1979. De-selected as Labour Candidate for 1997
1997 Marsha Singh Labour Resigned due to ill health in 2012.
2012 by-election George Galloway Respect Labour MP for Glasgow Hillhead, 1987–97, and Glasgow Kelvin, 1997–2005. Expelled from Labour Party in 2003. Respect MP for Bethnal Green & Bow, 2005–10
2015 Naz Shah Labour Elected as a Labour MP; suspended from the Labour Party 27 April – 5 July 2016.
Apr 2016 Independent
July 2016 Labour

Elections[edit]

Bradford West election results

Elections of the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Bradford West[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Naz Shah 33,736 76.2 +11.5
Conservative Mohammed Afzal 6,717 15.2 -1.4
Brexit Party Derrick Hodgson 1,556 3.5 N/A
Liberal Democrats Mark Christie 1,349 3.0 +1.5
Green Darren Parkinson 813 1.8 +0.8
Independent Azfar Bukhari 90 0.2 N/A
Majority 27,019 61.0 +12.9
Turnout 44,261 62.6 -4.8
Labour hold Swing +6.5
General election 2017: Bradford West[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Naz Shah 29,444 64.7 +15.1
Conservative George Grant 7,542 16.6 +1.3
Independent Salma Yaqoob 6,345 13.9 N/A
UKIP Derrick Hodgson 885 1.9 -5.8
Liberal Democrats Alun Griffiths 712 1.6 -1.3
Green Celia Hickson 481 1.1 -1.6
Independent Hussain Khadim 65 0.1 N/A
Independent Muhammad Hijazi 54 0.1 N/A
Majority 21,902 48.1
Turnout 45,528 67.4 +3.8
Labour hold Swing +6.9
General election 2015: Bradford West[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Naz Shah 19,977 49.6 +14.6
Respect George Galloway 8,557 21.2 -34.7
Conservative George Grant 6,160 7.8 +5.8
Liberal Democrats Alun Griffiths 1,173 2.9 −8.8
Green Celia Hickson 1,085 2.7 +0.4
Independent James Kirkcaldy 100 0.2 N/A
English Democrat Therese Muchewicz 98 0.2 N/A
Majority 11,420 28.3
Turnout 40,290 63.6 +12.8
Labour gain from Respect Swing +6.9
2012 Bradford West by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Respect George Galloway 18,341 55.9 +52.8
Labour Imran Hussain 8,201 25.0 −20.3
Conservative Jackie Whiteley 2,746 8.4 −22.7
Liberal Democrats Jeanette Sunderland 1,505 4.6 −7.1
UKIP Sonja McNally 1,085 3.3 +1.3
Green Dawud Islam 481 1.5 −0.8
Democratic Nationalists Neil Craig 344 1.0 −0.1
Monster Raving Loony Howling Laud Hope 111 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,140 30.9
Turnout 32,814 50.8 −15.1
Respect gain from Labour Swing 36.6
General election 2010: Bradford West[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Marsha Singh 18,401 45.3 +5.6
Conservative Zahid Iqbal 12,638 31.1 −0.2
Liberal Democrats David Hall-Matthews 4,732 11.7 −7.4
BNP Jenny Sampson 1,370 3.4 −3.5
Respect Arshad Ali 1,245 3.1 N/A
Green David Ford 940 2.3 -0.7
UKIP Jason Smith 812 2.0 N/A
Democratic Nationalists Neil Craig 438 1.1 N/A
Majority 5,763 14.2
Turnout 40,576 65.9 +10.9
Labour hold Swing 2.9

Elections of the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Bradford West[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Marsha Singh 14,570 40.1 -7.9
Conservative Haroon Rashid 11,544 31.7 −5.4
Liberal Democrats Mukhtar Ali 6,620 18.2 +11.8
BNP Paul Cromie 2,525 6.9 N/A
Green Parvez Darr 1,110 3.1 -3.9
Majority 3,026 8.3
Turnout 36,369 54.0 +0.4
Labour hold Swing
General election 2001: Bradford West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Marsha Singh 18,401 48.0 +6.4
Conservative Mohammed Riaz 14,236 37.1 +4.1
Green John Robinson 2,672 7.0 +5.1
Liberal Democrats Abdul Khan 2,437 6.4 -8.4
UKIP Imran Hussain 427 1.1 N/A
Asian League Farhan Khokhar 197 0.5 N/A
Majority 4,165 10.9
Turnout 38,370 53.6 -9.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections of the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Bradford West[17][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Marsha Singh 18,932 41.6 -11.7
Conservative Mohammed Riaz 15,055 33.0 -0.8
Liberal Democrats Helen Wright 6,737 14.8 +4.0
Socialist Labour Abdul R. Khan 1,551 3.4 N/A
Referendum Christopher Royston 1,348 3.0 N/A
Green John Robertson 861 1.9 +0.4
BNP Gary Osborn 839 1.8 N/A
Socialist Alternative Sajjad Shah 245 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,877 8.6
Turnout 45,568 63.3 -6.61
Labour hold Swing
General election 1992: Bradford West[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Max Madden 26,046 53.2 +1.3
Conservative Andrew J. Ashworth 16,544 33.8 -2.9
Liberal Democrats Alun O. Griffiths 5,150 10.5 N/A
Green Peter Braham 735 1.5 N/A
Islamic Party David Pidcock 471 1.0 N/A
Majority 9,502 19.4 +4.2
Turnout 48,946 69.91 -0.29
Labour hold Swing

Elections of the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Bradford West[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Max Madden 25,775 51.9 +12.2
Conservative Iain Duncan Smith 18,224 36.7 +3.8
SDP Manzoor Moghal 5,657 11.4 -15.7
Majority 7,551 15.2 +8.4
Turnout 49,636 70.2 +1.3
Labour hold Swing
General election 1983: Bradford West [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Max Madden 19,499 39.7 -14.1
Conservative Stephen Day 16,162 32.9 -3.8
SDP Edward Lyons 13,301 27.1 N/A
Workers Revolutionary B. Slaughter 139 0.3 N/A
Majority 3,337 6.8 -10.4
Turnout 49,101 68.9 -0.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections of the 1970s[edit]

General election 1979: Bradford West [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Lyons 24,309 53.8 +5.3
Conservative Thomas Stow 16,554 36.7 -0.5
Liberal Nicholas Flood 3,668 8.1 -5.4
National Front G. Brown 633 1.4 N/A
Majority 7,755 17.2 +5.85
Turnout 45,164 69.1 -0.4
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Bradford West [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Lyons 21,133 48.5 +5.1
Conservative John Wilkinson 16,192 37.2 -1.5
Liberal S. Harris 5,884 13.5 -1.6
More Prosperous Britain Harold Smith 339 0.8 N/A
Majority 4,941 11.35 +6.75
Turnout 43,548 69.5 -7.6
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Bradford West [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Lyons 20,787 43.4 -4.6
Conservative John Wilkinson 18,568 38.7 -13.3
Liberal Robert Taylor 7,216 15.1 N/A
Anti-Immigration Jim Merrick 1,164 2.4 N/A
Independent Democratic Alliance Ralph Herbert 200 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,219 4.6 +0.7
Turnout 47,935 77.1 +3.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1970: Bradford West [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Wilkinson 20,475 52.0 -0.03
Labour Norman Haseldine 18,936 48.0 -0.03
Majority 1,539 3.9 -0.15
Turnout 39,411 73.8 -2.81
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections of the 1960s[edit]

General election 1966: Bradford West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Norman Haseldine 19,704 52.03 -1.99
Conservative Arthur Tiley 18,170 47.97 +1.99
Majority 1,543 4.05 -4.0
Turnout 37,874 76.61 -0.18
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1964: Bradford West [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative and National Liberal Arthur Tiley 21,121 54.02 -2.22
Labour Co-op Norman Haseldine 17,974 45.98 +2.22
Majority 3,147 8.05 -4.43
Turnout 39,095 76.79 -4.97
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing

Elections of the 1950s[edit]

General election 1959: Bradford West [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative and National Liberal Arthur Tiley 23,012 56.24 +2.43
Labour Co-op Sydney Hyam 17,906 43.76 -2.43
Majority 5,106 12.48 +4.86
Turnout 40,918 81.76 +0.04
Conservative and National Liberal hold Swing
General election 1955: Bradford West [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative and National Liberal Arthur Tiley 22,306 53.81 N/A
Labour Co-op Muriel Ferguson 19,147 46.19 N/A
Majority 3,159 7.62 N/A
Turnout 41,453 81.72 N/A
Conservative and National Liberal win (new seat)

Elections 1885–1918[edit]

General election January 1910: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Jowett 7,729 64.0 -2.6
Conservative Ernest Flower 4,339 36.0 +2.6
Majority 3,390 28.0 -5.2
Turnout 12,068 81.4 -8.6
Labour hold Swing 2.6%
General election December 1910: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Jowett 8,880 66.6 +27.5
Conservative Ernest Flower 4,461 33.4 +0.7
Majority 4,319 33.2 +26.8
Turnout 12,341 90.0 -0.8
Labour hold Swing
General election 1906: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Jowett 4,957 39.1 -10.7
Conservative Ernest Flower 4,147 32.7 -17.5
Liberal William Claridge 3,580 28.2 N/A
Majority 810 6.4 +6.0
Turnout 12,684 90.8 +10.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1900: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ernest Flower 4,990 50.2 +9.5
Labour Fred Jowett 4,949 49.9 N/A
Majority 41 0.4 -4.4
Turnout 9,939 80.5 -5.8
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1895: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ernest Flower 3,936 40.7 +7.2
Liberal John Cousin Horsfall 3,471 35.9 -0.4
Ind. Labour Party Ben Tillett 2,264 23.4 -6.8
Majority 465 4.8 +2.0
Turnout 9,671 86.3 +2.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing 3.8
General election 1892: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Illingworth 3,206 36.3 -23.9
Conservative Ernest Flower 3,053 33.5 N/A
Bradford Labour Union Ben Tillett 2,749 30.2 N/A
Majority 253 2.8 -17.6
Turnout 9,108 83.5 +13.5
Liberal hold Swing
General election 1886: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Illingworth 3,975 60.2 +2.3
Liberal Unionist Archibald William Stirling 2,623 39.8 N/A
Majority 1,352 20.4 +4.6
Turnout 6,598 70.0 -15.9
Liberal hold Swing
General election 1885: Bradford West [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Illingworth 4,688 57.9 N/A
Conservative Henry Byron Reed 3,408 42.1 N/A
Majority 1,280 15.8
Turnout 9,424 85.9
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Bradford West: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Constituency data: electorates – House of Commons Library". Parliament UK. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  3. ^ The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-00-839258-1.
  4. ^ The Bradford West Constituency was created in 1955 after a boundary review. In previous elections the city was divided into four constituencies: Bradford Central, Bradford East, Bradford North and Bradford South.
  5. ^ "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1885–1918. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1955–. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 81. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
  9. ^ "Bradford West Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Election 2017: Bradford West". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Bradford West". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Bradford West". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Bradford West, 1997 & 2001". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  24. ^ "UK General Election results May 1979, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  25. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  26. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  27. ^ "UK General Election results 1970, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  28. ^ [1]
  29. ^ [2]
  30. ^ [3]

External links[edit]