Bradford West (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Bradford West in West Yorkshire
Location of West Yorkshire within England
|Population||114,761 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||71,585 (December 2019)|
|Member of Parliament||Naz Shah (Labour)|
|Created from||Bradford Central, Bradford North and Bradford South|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
Before 1974, the Labour and Conservative Parties held the seat marginally in various years, since which time the Labour Party always won the seat until 2012. In 1981, however, Edward Lyons, the sitting Bradford West MP, joined the newly established Social Democratic Party, consequently losing the seat at the 1983 general election.
In 1997, the seat was one of only two Labour seats in the country, the other being Bethnal Green and Bow in London, to have seen a swing towards the Conservatives away from Labour. This was because the local party association had selected a Sikh, Marsha Singh to stand when the majority of the seat’s population is Muslim.
George Galloway of the Respect Party won the seat in the 2012 Bradford West by-election with 55.9% of the votes cast; his 30.9% majority was at the time the largest majority in the history of the modern constituency, but he lost the seat in 2015 to the new Labour candidate Naz Shah by a substantial (28.3%) margin. Despite Galloway's threats to contest the result, he neither launched a legal challenge nor stood again in 2017, in which Shah surpassed his record by winning a majority of 48.1%, the largest margin for a Bradford West MP in any incarnation of the seat. Despite Galloway not standing, his former Respect colleague Salma Yaqoob did stand as an Independent, garnering 6,345 votes (13.9%), not far behind the second-placed Conservative candidate.
At the 2019 general election Shah increased her vote share by 11.5%. This was easily the highest increase in the Labour Party's vote share in any constituency in the United Kingdom, in an election where Labour's vote share decreased in all but 13 constituencies. This means that Bradford West has bucked the national trend twice, as it also did in 1997.
1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Bolton, Great Horton, Heaton, and Manningham.
1955–1974: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Great Horton, Heaton, Manningham, and Thornton.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Bradford wards of Allerton, Heaton, Little Horton, Manningham, Thornton, and University.
1983–2010: The City of Bradford wards of Clayton, Heaton, Little Horton, Thornton, Toller, and University.
Members of Parliament
|1885||Alfred Illingworth||Liberal||MP for Knaresborough 1868–1874, for Bradford 1880–1885|
|1895||Ernest Flower||Conservative||Defeated in 1906|
|1906||Fred Jowett||Labour||MP for Bradford East 1922–24, 1929–31|
|Arthur Tiley||Conservative||Defeated in 1966|
|1966||Norman Haseldine||Labour Co-op||Defeated in 1970|
|1970||John Wilkinson||Conservative||Defeated in Feb 1974. MP for Ruislip-Northwood from 1979 to 2005|
|Feb 1974||Edward Lyons||Labour||Elected as a Labour MP, defected to the SDP in 1981. Defeated in 1983|
|1983||Max Madden||Labour||MP for Sowerby from 1974 to 1979. De-selected as Labour Candidate for 1997|
|1997||Marsha Singh||Labour||Resigned due to ill health in 2012.|
|2012 by-election||George Galloway||Respect||Labour MP for Glasgow Hillhead, 1987–97, and Glasgow Kelvin, 1997–2005. Expelled from Labour Party in 2003. Respect MP for Bethnal Green & Bow, 2005–10|
|2015||Naz Shah||Labour||Elected as a Labour MP; suspended from the Labour Party 27 April – 5 July 2016.|
Elections of the 2010s
|Brexit Party||Derrick Hodgson||1,556||3.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Christie||1,349||3.0||+1.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Alun Griffiths||712||1.6||-1.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Alun Griffiths||1,173||2.9||−8.8|
|English Democrat||Therese Muchewicz||98||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Respect||Swing||+6.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Jeanette Sunderland||1,505||4.6||−7.1|
|Democratic Nationalists||Neil Craig||344||1.0||−0.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Howling Laud Hope||111||0.3||N/A|
|Respect gain from Labour||Swing||36.6|
|Liberal Democrats||David Hall-Matthews||4,732||11.7||−7.4|
|Democratic Nationalists||Neil Craig||438||1.1||N/A|
Elections of the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Mukhtar Ali||6,620||18.2||+11.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Abdul Khan||2,437||6.4||-8.4|
|Asian League||Farhan Khokhar||197||0.5||N/A|
Elections of the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Helen Wright||6,737||14.8||+4.0|
|Socialist Labour||Abdul R. Khan||1,551||3.4||N/A|
|Socialist Alternative||Sajjad Shah||245||0.5||N/A|
|Conservative||Andrew J. Ashworth||16,544||33.8||-2.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Alun O. Griffiths||5,150||10.5||N/A|
|Islamic Party||David Pidcock||471||1.0||N/A|
Elections of the 1980s
|Conservative||Iain Duncan Smith||18,224||36.7||+3.8|
|Workers Revolutionary||B. Slaughter||139||0.3||N/A|
Elections of the 1970s
|National Front||G. Brown||633||1.4||N/A|
|More Prosperous Britain||Harold Smith||339||0.8||N/A|
|Independent Democratic Alliance||Ralph Herbert||200||0.4||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections of the 1960s
|Labour Co-op||Norman Haseldine||19,704||52.03||-1.99|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Arthur Tiley||21,121||54.02||-2.22|
|Labour Co-op||Norman Haseldine||17,974||45.98||+2.22|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
Elections of the 1950s
|Conservative and National Liberal||Arthur Tiley||23,012||56.24||+2.43|
|Labour Co-op||Sydney Hyam||17,906||43.76||-2.43|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Arthur Tiley||22,306||53.81||N/A|
|Labour Co-op||Muriel Ferguson||19,147||46.19||N/A|
|Conservative and National Liberal win (new seat)|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal||John Cousin Horsfall||3,471||35.9||-0.4|
|Ind. Labour Party||Ben Tillett||2,264||23.4||-6.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||3.8|
|Bradford Labour Union||Ben Tillett||2,749||30.2||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist||Archibald William Stirling||2,623||39.8||N/A|
|Conservative||Henry Byron Reed||3,408||42.1||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Bradford West: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Constituency data: electorates – House of Commons Library". Parliament UK. 15 June 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-00-839258-1.
- The Bradford West Constituency was created in 1955 after a boundary review. In previous elections the city was divided into four constituencies: Bradford Central, Bradford East, Bradford North and Bradford South.
- "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1885–1918. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- "Hansard 1803–2005". Bradford West 1955–. UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 81. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "Bradford West Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
- "Election 2017: Bradford West". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Bradford West". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Bradford West". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Bradford West, 1997 & 2001". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1987, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1983, part 3". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 1979, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "UK General Election results October 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "UK General Election results February 1974, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- "UK General Election results 1970, part 4". Richard Kimber's political science resources. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Bradford West — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.